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Hiiraan | Hiiraan Net | Wararka somalia | Somali news | Warar, Quraan iyo Tafsiir.

Hiiraan | Hiiraan Net | Wararka somalia | Somali news | Warar, Quraan iyo Tafsiir.

Hargeysa: HN:- Gabar Ganacsato ah oo muddo toddobaad ah Raq iyo Ruux la la’aa ayaa manta Meydkeedii laga soo saarayGuri ku yaala Barriga Hargeysa daaradiisa kadib markii qoyska gurigaas oo ay lacag ku lahayd inta ay Dileen dabadeed inta ay God u qodeen ku Aasay,, Marxuumadda la Dilay oo la odhan jiray Ruqiya Siciid Ayaanle ayay Booliiska hargeysa baadi goobayeen halka...

Nin u dhashay wadanka iran oo 80 sano jir ah ayaa loo aqoonsaday ninka adduunka ugu wasaqda badan kadib markii la ogaaday inuusan qubaysan muddo 60 sanno ah. Ninkaan oo la yiraahdo Camuu Xaaji oo 80 sanno jir ah kuna nool dhulka fog ee miyiga ah ee dalka Iran ayay warbaahintu sheegeen inuusan korkiisa wax biyo ah taabsiin muddo 60 sanno ah dharkana uusan iska badalin. Warbaahinta...

Waxay ahayd dhakhtarad Maraykan ah oo dumarka iyo dhalmada ku takhasustay. Waxay tiri: haweeney muslim ah oo fool ah ayaa isbitaalka iigu timid. Dhalmada ka hor ayay xanuunsanaysey. Kolkii rawaxaadaydu soo dhawaatay ayaan u sheegay inaan shaqada ka baxayo oo uu foolin doono nin dhakhtar ah. Kolkaas ayay bilowday oohin iyo qaylo. Waxay lahayd ma doonayo nin!. Waxay tiri...

Dalka Sacuudiga ayaa waxaa ka dhacday maalmihii lasoo dhaafay arin ama dhacdo naxdin leh oo dadkii dhagaystay oo dhan ay lafajaceen. Runtii dhacdadaan ayaa dhagafaar ku noqotay dadka, iyadoo lala yaabay dhulka ay ka dhacday iyo sida ay udhacday. Sacuudiga ayaa waxaa maalin kasta ka dhaca dhacdooyin mucjiso ah oo dadka ku reebta cibra qaadasho iyo waayo aragnimo. Qisadan...

Dad badan ayaa mar qura afka kala furay yaab dartii kadib markii Dr Augustine Mahiga uu ka qeyb qaatay salaadii Janaasada, ee Aaskii Qaran ee maanta Garoonka Diyuurdaha ee Aadan Cadde loogu sameeyay Madaxweynihii hore ee Soomaaliya C/Laahi Yuusuf Axmed. Ergayga Gaarka ah ee Qaramada Midoobe u Qaabilsan Arrimaha Dalka Soomaaliya Dr Augustine Mahiga, ayaa wuxuu maanta uu...

Tuulo ku taala waqooyiga Afqaanistaan ayaa waxaa ka dhacay arin argagax iyo amakaag ku keentay bulshadii ku dhaqnayd, kadib markii nin uu dilay xaaskiisii oo u dhashay sadex caruur ah. Sheer  Maxamed oo ah eedaysanaha ayaa sheegay in sababta uu xaaskiisa u dilay tahay inayna u dhalin wiil, isla markaana ay dhashay gabadhii sadexaad, taas oo niyad jab ku keentay. Waxaa...

Duniya Maxamed Jamac( Kabatoli) waxay ahayd gabadh da,yar ah muqaal ahaan majirin gabadh laqiimo iyo qurux ah magalada Dhanaan waxayna lahayd qurux uu ilaahay kumanaystay itaal dheer, ilka siman, afmadow, Kubab waa wayn, xubno jalaqsan, garbahana lama rogaaline way shubnaayeen, waji dhalan oo ay kudheehantahay labeen casaan xigeen aha, ilka heedu waa cadiin marka ay qosa...

Howlwadeen ka tirsan shaqaalaha Safaarada Soomaalida ee dalka Shiinaha ayaa sheegay inuu qorsheynaayo in naftiisa uu gooyo,, wuxuuna howlwadeenkaasi ku sababeeyay is-dilka dhibaatooyin mudooyinkii ugu dambeeyay caqabad ku noqtay shaqadiisa, taasina ay keentay inuu isku dilo. Dhacdadaan ayaa la sheegay inay noqotay mid ka yaabisay dad fara badan oo Soomaali ah, wuxuuna...

Adriana Iliescu, oo hada jirta 72 sano ayaa doonaysa inay gabadheeda oo hada 5-jir ah u dhasho walaal aay weheshato. Adriana Iliescu, waxay degan tahay wadanka Romania, waana qoraa, jaamacad wadankaa ku taalana macalimad ka ah, 5-sano ka hor ayay noqotay naagtii ugu daá weynayd ee ilmo dhasho, markaas oo aay aduunka dhan caan ka noqotay. Islaantan ayaa hada rabta inay...

Water Security” is herein described as the nexus between the availability, accessibility and use of water. The concept is defined as the ‘availability of, and access to water in sufficient quantity and quality to meet livelihood needs of all households throughout the year, without considering the needs of other users. Water Security is further described herein under ‘Securing Water for Production’. (Valerie Ndaruzaniye, 2011).  While ‘Water Insecurity’ refers to the exact opposite of the mentioned concept that is been the unavailability and inaccessibility of enough water to meet the livelihood need of all households in a period of one yearIn the Horn of Africa, increasing scarcity and degradation of water sources seriously threatens human well-being. The population in the region (Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya and Uganda) has increased fourfold in the past 50 years and continues to grow rapidly (United Nations Population Division, 2010). Farmers need more water to feed more mouths and extended areas are needed for food production, at the expense of forest and pasture lands. With a high and stable number of pastoral communities and decreasing amount of pastureland, pressure on land and water grows. The mounting need for fertile soils and irrigated land is intensified by high international demands for food and energy. Investors from all over the world are ready to invest in commercial farming in Sudan, Kenya, Uganda and Ethiopia. With inadequate soil and water management measures being taken, this growing pressure on natural resources leads to a decrease in the quality and quantity of soils, forests and water resources. (Eric van de Giessen: 2011)To put this region into water security context, according to Earth Trends, Environmental Information/World Resources Institute, Djibouti’s per capita is 460M3; Eritrea’s per capita is 701M3; Ethiopia’s per capita is 1,666M3 and Somalia’s per capita is 628 M3 (IRWR, 2011). According to the Falkenmark Water Stress Indicator, a country or a region is said to experience “water stress” when annual water supplies drop below 1,700 cubic meters per person per year. This means almost all parts of the Horn of Africa region can generally be termed as water stress region or facing water insecurityFigure 1, Map of the Horn of Africa region (Yellow): Source: Google Map 2010It is in this context; this paper will be exploring the water scarcity and stress in the horn of Africa region and how this will increase the vulnerability of the households and farmers as well as the impact it will have on the ability of the locals to utilize their socio-economic potentials. The paper will further attempt to assess the capacity of the existing institutions to manage the task at hand and finally the author referring to his personal knowledge and experience in the area as well as the reflections of the articles reviewed will hopefully suggest possible strategies for all the concerned stakeholders.In this review article, the author will attempt to examine five peer-reviewed articles, some with specific regional details and others more general outlook on water security, and will then try to create a holistic picture on the water situation on the ground as well as the efforts of those in charge in trying to mitigate the challenges of water security and enhance greater socio-economic well being for their people. Here are the articles the author intends to review for this paper: 1:Valerie Ndaruzaniye (2011) Water security in Ethiopia, Risk and vulnerability assessment. 2: Eric van de Giessen (2011) Horn of Africa Environmental Security Assessment-Institute for Environmental Security. 3: Simbarashe Govere et.al (2010) Coping with Water Scarcity in Eastern Africa; the role of intra-regional virtual water trade. 4) Declan Conway, et.al (2008) Rainfall and Water Resources Variability in Sub-Saharan Africa during the Twentieth Century 5) Noah Amin (2007) Water Scarcity In The Horn Of Africa And Its Deadly Consequences.In this part, the discussion will be mainly centered on the major factors that are causing water stress and scarcity in Africa generally and in particular the Horn. Almost all the articles reviewed for this paper mainly agree the major cause of the water stress in the region, but as we will later discover it, there are few country specific challenges with greater regional water security significance to it.In Sub-Saharan Africa, the Eastern African region, particularly the Horn of Africa, is considered highly geographically exposed to climate change and its impact over water. Out of 200 million people living in the Horn of Africa, 70 million are located in areas prone to extreme droughts leading to water insecurity and food shortages. In this Eastern African region, floods and droughts can occur in the same area within a very short period. Such events can exacerbate inadequate water availability in quality and quantity, sufficient enough to sustain agricultural activities and energy production. As a result, this often leads to famine and widespread disruption of socio-economic well being. (Valerie Ndaruzaniye, 2011)