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Hiiraan | Hiiraan Net | Wararka somalia | Somali news | Warar, Quraan iyo Tafsiir.

Hiiraan | Hiiraan Net | Wararka somalia | Somali news | Warar, Quraan iyo Tafsiir.

A group of women on Wednesday night drove 2,000 camels from farms in Kajiado. The Iloodokilani Maasai women said the camels, which belong to Somali herders, spread diseases to their livestock. The group of more than 200 women walked in the night for 80km, heading to county commissioner Harsama Kello’s office to ask him to address the matter. The women and the camels...

Reuters; Nairobi:- Police officials in Kenya said Saturday that militants from the al-Shabab jihadist group hijacked a bus in the country and killed 28 people on board, who were non-Muslims. The bus was reportedly travelling to the capital city of Nairobi from Mandera town, when it was attacked about 31 miles from its point of origin on Saturday, the Associated Press reported. Police...

1. The first annual Ministerial High Level Partnership Forum was held in Copenhagen 19-20 November, co-chaired by HE Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, the President of the Federal Government of Somalia, and the United Nations, and hosted by the Government of Denmark. 2. Fifty-six delegations gathered to review progress made since the Brussels Conference in September 2013, where the...

U.N. Secretary General Ban Ki-moon, inside the heavily-protected airport complex during a visit to Mogadishu. The United Nations for years handed out tens of millions of dollars to non-government organizations involved in humanitarian work in strife-battered Somalia with “no assurance” that the money was used for the intended purposes,” according to a report by the...

MOGADISHU, Somalia (AP) — Gunmen shot and killed a Somali-American from Minnesota who had left a well-paying job in the U.S. to help the fledgling city government in Mogadishu, an official and relative said Wednesday. Abdullahi Ali Anshur, 60, was an engineer helping the Mogadishu government with urban planning and drainage systems. He was killed after armed militants...

A majority of Somalia’s 22-member federal cabinet has written to Prime Minister Abdiweli Sheikh Ahmed giving him an ultimatum to resign or President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud will appoint a replacement. Mohamud has instructed his cabinet to ignore a cabinet reshuffle made by Ahmed after the president said he was never consulted. A parliamentary debate for a vote of no confidence...

Ukraine’s armed forces on Thursday rubbished reports that infamous Islamist extremist Samantha Lewthwaite, known as the White Widow, was killed by a sniper near the eastern town of Debaltsevo in the Ukrainian conflict two weeks ago, reported BuzzFeed. This after the Daily Mail reported a Russian volunteer sniper had killed Lewthwaite. The report was based on an unsourced...

Finnish authorities are working to overturn the sentence of a Somali man sentenced to death in Somalia, on the grounds that he is also a permanent resident of Finland. Foreign Ministry Consular Assistance Unit Chief Teemu Turunen says authorities only heard of the case last Friday, and have since contacted the Somali authorities to try and roll back the ruling. Finnish...

11 November 2014 – Hailing the political and economic gains made in Somalia through the partnerships and collective efforts of Somalis and the international community, the United Nations envoy for the country urged political leaders there to resolve their differences or risk undermining the progress thus achieved. “Overall, Somalia, I still maintain, is moving in the...

Kenya, Ethiopia and Somalia have agreed to construct a multipurpose dam and a hydro power station on River Dawa in Mandera County, which is aimed at harnessing and promoting sustainable use of the resource. The three countries also proposed construction of a bridge to link Kenya and Ethiopia on the river, which will promote cross-border movement across the seasonal river. The...

On August 28th, 2014, Somalia took Kenya to the International Court of Justice to resolve a long-standing dispute over the maritime boundary in the Indian Ocean. Kenya’s view has been the maritime boundary should run east from the point where it touches the Indian Ocean, whereas, Somalia differs and argues that if its border with Kenya runs continuously from land into...

Mogadishu (Reuters) – A debate on whether to sack Somalia’s Prime Minister Abdiweli Sheikh Ahmed descended into chaos on Tuesday as his supporters blew whistles and shouted out slogans, forcing the parliamentary speaker to halt the session. The no-confidence motion, which Washington had warned could deepen political turmoil, was backed by lawmakers loyal to...

MOGADISHU, Somalia – The United States said Tuesday, November 11, it was deeply concerned over a worsening power struggle between Somalia’s president and prime minister, and pulled out of a international summit on the war-torn country. Washington urged leaders to “rise above the political differences that divert from the important work of unifying the country”,...

MOGADISHU (Reuters) – Somali lawmakers said they would begin a debate on Tuesday on a motion to sack Prime Minister Abdiweli Sheikh Ahmed, a move Washington warned could deepen political turmoil. The no-confidence motion was backed by lawmakers loyal to President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud after the two men fell out over a cabinet reshuffle last month. Western donors...

Mogadishu, Nov 10 (IANS) At least 50 people were killed and more than 40 others wounded after Al-Shabab fighters took over Kudha town in the Southern Somalia from the Raskamboni militia, officials confirmed Sunday. The coastal town of Kudha, which is close to the Somalia-Kenya border, is an important makeshift port for Al-Shabab. The Raskamboni militia loyal to Jubba administration...

NAIROBI, KENYA—Somalia’s political leaders are at loggerheads once again over the reorganization of the cabinet, prompting a warning from the United Nations to focus on building credible institutions to move the country forward. Analysts say the next year will be crucial for solidifying Somalia’s recent gains after decades of lawlessness. The controversy began...

(Reuters) – Somalia’s prime minister will face a ‘no confidence’ vote next week, a lawmaker said on Friday, as frustrated donors voiced concerns over another bout of political infighting which could slow an economic recovery from more than two decades of war. Western donors who have promised to help rebuild Somalia’s battered institutions...

Kenya’s war with al-Shabab in neighbouring Somalia entered its fourth year this month, with successes on the battlefront, but increasingly painful and costly spin-offs back home. Kenya celebrated Kenyan Defence Forces (KDF) Day on October 14, marking the date three years ago when its troops entered Somalia. As Kenyan President Uhuru Ken­yatta led the nation in a sombre...

Kampala (AFP) – Uganda has suspended 15 of its senior military commanders over their conduct in Somalia including allegations of sexual exploitation, the army said Thursday. The action comes in the wake of a damning report by Human Rights Watch which has accused troops with the internationally-funded African Union force in Somalia, AMISOM, of preying on vulnerable...

Mogadishu, 3 November 2014 – As President of the Federal Republic of Somalia, I acknowledge all those who have expended considerable energy and resources in supporting Somalia to achieve the substantial progress we have made against ambitious goals. Over the past two years, with the support of the Somali public, Federal institutions, the Parliament and the international...

NAIROBI (Reuters) – The United Nations and the European Union have warned that a dispute between Somalia’s president and prime minister could inflame tensions and undermine the country’s recovery from more than two decades of conflict. Prime Minister Abdiweli Sheikh Ahmed, an economist who has been running the cabinet since December 2013, fell out with...

MOGADISHU, Somalia (AP) — The U.N.’s representative in Somalia says he is concerned bribes are being paid to parliamentarians to vote to oust the prime minister. Somalia’s president, a political rival, had a quick reply that could be summed up in two words: Butt out. President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud said Monday that while he appreciates the U.N.’s concern,...

U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon made his second trip to Somalia’s capital on Wednesday, walking around the seaside airport complex in a dark business suit. Ban’s fashion choices are not typically newsworthy but are significant in Mogadishu: On his trip in 2011, he wore a U.N.-branded bullet-proof vest. The fact that his security advisers did not insist on...

Mogadishu (AFP) – UN chief Ban Ki-moon met the president of Somalia, President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, under heavy security Wednesday in Mogadishu, his first visit to the dangerous capital of the war-torn nation in almost three years. Ban, along with World Bank chief Jim Yong Kim, met Mohamud inside the fortified airport zone, guarded by troops from the 22,000-strong...

AMISOM head Maman Sidikou said that Al-Shabaab militants now only control Jamaame, Jilib, Buale and Sakow in Middle Juba Region, Diinsor in Bay region and Bardere in Gedo region. Eight militants-held towns have fallen into the hands of Somali forces and African peacekeepers since the start of a major security operation against the Al-Shabaab group in September, the African...

Addis Ababa (AFP) – International donors pledged $8 billion in development aid Monday for projects across eight countries in the Horn of Africa, UN chief Ban Ki-moon announced at the start of a visit to the region. The aid, from organisations including the World Bank, African Development Bank (AfDB), European Union and Islamic Development Bank (IDB), will support...

MOGADISHU (Reuters) – Somalia’s president has instructed his cabinet to ignore a cabinet reshuffle by the prime minister, highlighting a possible rift at a time when Somalia is looking to build confidence in its government and reassure donors. Somali President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud said in a statement on Saturday that the prime minister, Abdiweli Sheikh Ahmed,...

United Nations, Oct 25 (IANS) A Chinese envoy to the UN Friday urged a new Security Council resolution on Somalia be implemented fully and “to the letter”. The UN Security Council Friday adopted a resolution authorising member states to inspect vessels suspected of carrying charcoal from Somalia, a measure aimed at tightening a charcoal export ban and cutting...

Water Security” is herein described as the nexus between the availability, accessibility and use of water. The concept is defined as the ‘availability of, and access to water in sufficient quantity and quality to meet livelihood needs of all households throughout the year, without considering the needs of other users. Water Security is further described herein under ‘Securing Water for Production’. (Valerie Ndaruzaniye, 2011).  While ‘Water Insecurity’ refers to the exact opposite of the mentioned concept that is been the unavailability and inaccessibility of enough water to meet the livelihood need of all households in a period of one yearIn the Horn of Africa, increasing scarcity and degradation of water sources seriously threatens human well-being. The population in the region (Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya and Uganda) has increased fourfold in the past 50 years and continues to grow rapidly (United Nations Population Division, 2010). Farmers need more water to feed more mouths and extended areas are needed for food production, at the expense of forest and pasture lands. With a high and stable number of pastoral communities and decreasing amount of pastureland, pressure on land and water grows. The mounting need for fertile soils and irrigated land is intensified by high international demands for food and energy. Investors from all over the world are ready to invest in commercial farming in Sudan, Kenya, Uganda and Ethiopia. With inadequate soil and water management measures being taken, this growing pressure on natural resources leads to a decrease in the quality and quantity of soils, forests and water resources. (Eric van de Giessen: 2011)To put this region into water security context, according to Earth Trends, Environmental Information/World Resources Institute, Djibouti’s per capita is 460M3; Eritrea’s per capita is 701M3; Ethiopia’s per capita is 1,666M3 and Somalia’s per capita is 628 M3 (IRWR, 2011). According to the Falkenmark Water Stress Indicator, a country or a region is said to experience “water stress” when annual water supplies drop below 1,700 cubic meters per person per year. This means almost all parts of the Horn of Africa region can generally be termed as water stress region or facing water insecurityFigure 1, Map of the Horn of Africa region (Yellow): Source: Google Map 2010It is in this context; this paper will be exploring the water scarcity and stress in the horn of Africa region and how this will increase the vulnerability of the households and farmers as well as the impact it will have on the ability of the locals to utilize their socio-economic potentials. The paper will further attempt to assess the capacity of the existing institutions to manage the task at hand and finally the author referring to his personal knowledge and experience in the area as well as the reflections of the articles reviewed will hopefully suggest possible strategies for all the concerned stakeholders.In this review article, the author will attempt to examine five peer-reviewed articles, some with specific regional details and others more general outlook on water security, and will then try to create a holistic picture on the water situation on the ground as well as the efforts of those in charge in trying to mitigate the challenges of water security and enhance greater socio-economic well being for their people. Here are the articles the author intends to review for this paper: 1:Valerie Ndaruzaniye (2011) Water security in Ethiopia, Risk and vulnerability assessment. 2: Eric van de Giessen (2011) Horn of Africa Environmental Security Assessment-Institute for Environmental Security. 3: Simbarashe Govere et.al (2010) Coping with Water Scarcity in Eastern Africa; the role of intra-regional virtual water trade. 4) Declan Conway, et.al (2008) Rainfall and Water Resources Variability in Sub-Saharan Africa during the Twentieth Century 5) Noah Amin (2007) Water Scarcity In The Horn Of Africa And Its Deadly Consequences.In this part, the discussion will be mainly centered on the major factors that are causing water stress and scarcity in Africa generally and in particular the Horn. Almost all the articles reviewed for this paper mainly agree the major cause of the water stress in the region, but as we will later discover it, there are few country specific challenges with greater regional water security significance to it.In Sub-Saharan Africa, the Eastern African region, particularly the Horn of Africa, is considered highly geographically exposed to climate change and its impact over water. Out of 200 million people living in the Horn of Africa, 70 million are located in areas prone to extreme droughts leading to water insecurity and food shortages. In this Eastern African region, floods and droughts can occur in the same area within a very short period. Such events can exacerbate inadequate water availability in quality and quantity, sufficient enough to sustain agricultural activities and energy production. As a result, this often leads to famine and widespread disruption of socio-economic well being. (Valerie Ndaruzaniye, 2011)