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Hiiraan | Hiiraan Net | Wararka somalia | Somali news | Warar, Quraan iyo Tafsiir.

Hiiraan | Hiiraan Net | Wararka somalia | Somali news | Warar, Quraan iyo Tafsiir.

MOGADISHU — Somali politicians and pundits have welcomed the appointment of Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke as the nation’s next prime minister, calling him a leader with the temperament and experience to move the country forward. Somali President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud tapped Sharmarke for the post Wednesday (December 17th), only ten days after lawmakers ousted Prime...

Nairobi, Dec 18 (IANS) Kenya’s opposition lawmakers disrupted parliamentary proceedings Thursday as a debate for a new anti-terror law kicked off in a special sitting in Nairobi. Chaos broke out inside the Kenyan parliament after an opposition legislator grabbed order papers and trashed these while singing Swahili songs meaning the struggle was still on, Xinhua reported. The...

MOGADISHU (Reuters) – Somalia’s president nominated a former government chief, Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke, on Wednesday to become prime minister again, hoping to end a period of political turmoil during which two men have been pushed out of the job in less than a year. Parliament voted the last premier, Abdiweli Sheikh Ahmed, out of office earlier this month....

NAIROBI (Xinhua) — Ethiopia has called on Kenya to massively invest in intelligence gathering to thwart off threats from Somali militants, ‘al-Shabaab’. Ethiopian Ambassador to Kenya Shamsudin Ahmed said Kenya, which has suffered increased terrorist attacks in recent months, should also develop closer working relations with members of the public to successfully...

MOGADISHU (Reuters) – Rebels from the Islamist al Shabaab group attacked a military base in southern Somalia early on Monday, killing at least 10 soldiers and burning two military vehicles, officials said. African Union and Somali troops launched an offensive this year that has driven al Shabaab out of its last major strongholds. Monday’s attack highlights...

On June the 5th 1972, following unprecedented diplomacy primarily undertaken by Scandinavian countries and by Sweden in particular, the world congregated in Stockholm for the first environmental conference dubbed at the time, ‘The Human Development Conference’ what ensued the initial convening of all the major blocks at the time as well as symbolically by Indira Gandhi,...

AFGOOYE, Somalia — Armed with machetes, the men push their way through the densely packed rows of trees, emerging every few minutes with large bundles of green bananas over their shoulders. A guard, his chest crossed with bullet belts, his hands cradling a Russian-made rifle, scans the tree line for intruders as the men throw the bananas on a trailer before dashing back...

Legislation addressing rape and other sexual violence – often committed by armed forces – will be presented to cabinet by year end The first bill to define and address sexual offences in Somalia is expected to be presented to the cabinet before the end of this year, updating legislation that has been in place since 1930. The bill will define rape as a crime against...

Nairobi, (IANS) The UN refugee agency UNHCR said Tuesday it plans to repatriate 10,000 Somali refugees in Kenya who wish to return to Somalia in a pilot project, starting with the immediate support to around 400 people in December. UNHCR Kenya representative Raouf Mazou said the first returns, which kicked off Monday, marked the beginning of a six-month pilot project,...

The price of oil may have fallen off a cliff recently, but that has not deterred energy giants like Exxon Mobil, Royal Dutch Shell, BP and Chevron from reactivating plans to drill in Somalia. The Horn of Africa country could be the next focus for the energy industry, as the government claims the nation will be producing oil within six years. London-based Soma Oil and Gas,...

Somalia’s parliament voted to oust the country’s prime minister on Saturday, capping a long feud between the president and prime minister, an official said. Parliament Speaker Mohamed Sheikh Osman Jawari said 153 members voted to oust Abdiweli Sheikh Ahmed from office. Eighty members voted for him to stay. The vote took place after several recent rowdy sessions...

MOGADISHU (Reuters) – Suicide bombers attacked a restaurant in the town of Baidoa northwest of the Somali capital on Friday, killing up to seven people and wounding dozens of others, a police officer and a doctor said. There was no immediate claim of responsibility but the Islamist group al Shabaab, which wants to impose its strict interpretation of Islam on Somalia,...

World Bulletin/News Desk Angry demonstrators in Kenya’s eastern Mwingi County have attacked businesses owned by Kenyans of Somali origin in apparent revenge for recent attacks that killed 36 people in northern Kenya. “Our officers on the ground reported that a number of buses heading to Garissa town were stoned by demonstrators,” police spokeswoman Zipporah...

NAIROBI (Reuters) – A Kenyan pilot was missing in action on Friday, a day after ejecting from his combat jet before it crashed in southern Somalia, a spokesman for the military said. The Kenya Defence Force, which has troops in Somalia with an African Union force fighting Islamist rebels, said the plane had crashed on Thursday due to a technical problem. The Somali...

France has been told it must pay damages to Somali pirates because authorities held them in custody for too long. The pirates will receive up to 5,000 euros each. The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) told France on Thursday that delays in bringing apprehended Somali pirates before a judge were unacceptable. The eight pirates were arrested after attacking two French...

NAIROBI — Kenya and Ethiopia are in discussions to create a buffer zone inside Somalia along their respective borders to deter Al-Shabaab attacks, a senior government official said on Wednesday. Deputy President William Ruto decried that the existing 800km porous border which Kenya shares with Somalia has made it difficult to curb cross-border terror attacks mounted...

NAIROBI, Kenya (AP) — When Kenya sent troops to Somalia in 2011 to fight Islamic extremists, the al-Qaida-linked group al-Shabab threatened to retaliate by bringing down Nairobi’s skyscrapers. The buildings still stand, but a series of mass killings in which non-Muslims were singled out for slaughter has increased pressure on Kenya to improve security along a porous...

(Reuters) – Four Somalis were killed when a car bomb hit a United Nations convoy near the capital’s international airport on Wednesday, showing the threat still posed by insurgents despite their recent loss of territory. Al Qaeda-aligned Somali Islamist group al Shabaab claimed responsibility. The group, which wants to topple the Western-backed Mogadishu government...

(Reuters) – Islamist al Shabaab militants killed at least 36 non-Muslim workers at a quarry in northeast Kenya on Tuesday, beheading at least two of them in revenge for Kenyan military action against the group in neighboring Somalia. The gunmen crept up on dozens of workers sleeping in tents at about 1 a.m. (2200 GMT), a resident said, in the same area near the Somali...

MANDERA, Kenya (Reuters) – Scores of teachers and civil servants were stranded at a remote Kenyan airstrip on Thursday, demanding evacuation and protection five days after Islamist gunmen killed 28 non-Muslim bus passengers in the surrounding border region near Somalia. Somalia’s al Shabaab militants claimed responsibility for Saturday’s attack in the...

In 2011, drought hit Somalia hard, triggering a famine that ultimately killed some 260,000 people. Now, after a poor rainy season, the Food and Agriculture Organization is warningthat the country could be on the brink of another famine. To find out more about the current situation in East Africa, we spoke with Degan Ali, the Somali-American executive director of Adeso...

Deputy President William Ruto NAIROBI (Xinhua) — Kenya on Tuesday called on the world to intervene in the political feud within the leadership in Somalia, which, Kenya said, has affected regional peace initiatives. Deputy President William Ruto said the differences between Somali president Hassan Sheikh Mohamud and the Prime Minister Abdiweli Ahmed was undermining...

NAIROBI (Reuters) – The United States has issued a warning to travellers citing “specific threats from terrorism” aimed at Western and local interests in the east African nation of Djibouti. Djibouti hosts U.S. and French military bases and is an ally in the U.S.-led fight against militant Islam. Somali al Qaeda-linked militants have previously attacked...

Somalia’s parliament said on Monday that it had postponed a session scheduled for the day on a proposed motion to withdraw confidence from the government until conflicts between MPs were solved. Parliament speaker Mohamed Osman Jawari said that efforts had failed to settle these conflicts. “Parliament had failed to take a decision on the motion to withdraw...

A group of women on Wednesday night drove 2,000 camels from farms in Kajiado. The Iloodokilani Maasai women said the camels, which belong to Somali herders, spread diseases to their livestock. The group of more than 200 women walked in the night for 80km, heading to county commissioner Harsama Kello’s office to ask him to address the matter. The women and the camels...

Reuters; Nairobi:- Police officials in Kenya said Saturday that militants from the al-Shabab jihadist group hijacked a bus in the country and killed 28 people on board, who were non-Muslims. The bus was reportedly travelling to the capital city of Nairobi from Mandera town, when it was attacked about 31 miles from its point of origin on Saturday, the Associated Press reported. Police...

1. The first annual Ministerial High Level Partnership Forum was held in Copenhagen 19-20 November, co-chaired by HE Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, the President of the Federal Government of Somalia, and the United Nations, and hosted by the Government of Denmark. 2. Fifty-six delegations gathered to review progress made since the Brussels Conference in September 2013, where the...

U.N. Secretary General Ban Ki-moon, inside the heavily-protected airport complex during a visit to Mogadishu. The United Nations for years handed out tens of millions of dollars to non-government organizations involved in humanitarian work in strife-battered Somalia with “no assurance” that the money was used for the intended purposes,” according to a report by the...

Water Security” is herein described as the nexus between the availability, accessibility and use of water. The concept is defined as the ‘availability of, and access to water in sufficient quantity and quality to meet livelihood needs of all households throughout the year, without considering the needs of other users. Water Security is further described herein under ‘Securing Water for Production’. (Valerie Ndaruzaniye, 2011).  While ‘Water Insecurity’ refers to the exact opposite of the mentioned concept that is been the unavailability and inaccessibility of enough water to meet the livelihood need of all households in a period of one yearIn the Horn of Africa, increasing scarcity and degradation of water sources seriously threatens human well-being. The population in the region (Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya and Uganda) has increased fourfold in the past 50 years and continues to grow rapidly (United Nations Population Division, 2010). Farmers need more water to feed more mouths and extended areas are needed for food production, at the expense of forest and pasture lands. With a high and stable number of pastoral communities and decreasing amount of pastureland, pressure on land and water grows. The mounting need for fertile soils and irrigated land is intensified by high international demands for food and energy. Investors from all over the world are ready to invest in commercial farming in Sudan, Kenya, Uganda and Ethiopia. With inadequate soil and water management measures being taken, this growing pressure on natural resources leads to a decrease in the quality and quantity of soils, forests and water resources. (Eric van de Giessen: 2011)To put this region into water security context, according to Earth Trends, Environmental Information/World Resources Institute, Djibouti’s per capita is 460M3; Eritrea’s per capita is 701M3; Ethiopia’s per capita is 1,666M3 and Somalia’s per capita is 628 M3 (IRWR, 2011). According to the Falkenmark Water Stress Indicator, a country or a region is said to experience “water stress” when annual water supplies drop below 1,700 cubic meters per person per year. This means almost all parts of the Horn of Africa region can generally be termed as water stress region or facing water insecurityFigure 1, Map of the Horn of Africa region (Yellow): Source: Google Map 2010It is in this context; this paper will be exploring the water scarcity and stress in the horn of Africa region and how this will increase the vulnerability of the households and farmers as well as the impact it will have on the ability of the locals to utilize their socio-economic potentials. The paper will further attempt to assess the capacity of the existing institutions to manage the task at hand and finally the author referring to his personal knowledge and experience in the area as well as the reflections of the articles reviewed will hopefully suggest possible strategies for all the concerned stakeholders.In this review article, the author will attempt to examine five peer-reviewed articles, some with specific regional details and others more general outlook on water security, and will then try to create a holistic picture on the water situation on the ground as well as the efforts of those in charge in trying to mitigate the challenges of water security and enhance greater socio-economic well being for their people. Here are the articles the author intends to review for this paper: 1:Valerie Ndaruzaniye (2011) Water security in Ethiopia, Risk and vulnerability assessment. 2: Eric van de Giessen (2011) Horn of Africa Environmental Security Assessment-Institute for Environmental Security. 3: Simbarashe Govere et.al (2010) Coping with Water Scarcity in Eastern Africa; the role of intra-regional virtual water trade. 4) Declan Conway, et.al (2008) Rainfall and Water Resources Variability in Sub-Saharan Africa during the Twentieth Century 5) Noah Amin (2007) Water Scarcity In The Horn Of Africa And Its Deadly Consequences.In this part, the discussion will be mainly centered on the major factors that are causing water stress and scarcity in Africa generally and in particular the Horn. Almost all the articles reviewed for this paper mainly agree the major cause of the water stress in the region, but as we will later discover it, there are few country specific challenges with greater regional water security significance to it.In Sub-Saharan Africa, the Eastern African region, particularly the Horn of Africa, is considered highly geographically exposed to climate change and its impact over water. Out of 200 million people living in the Horn of Africa, 70 million are located in areas prone to extreme droughts leading to water insecurity and food shortages. In this Eastern African region, floods and droughts can occur in the same area within a very short period. Such events can exacerbate inadequate water availability in quality and quantity, sufficient enough to sustain agricultural activities and energy production. As a result, this often leads to famine and widespread disruption of socio-economic well being. (Valerie Ndaruzaniye, 2011)