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Nairobi (AFP) – Foreign fighters with Somalia’s Shebab insurgents pose a risk to Europe if troops fail to stop them, Kenya’s deputy president warned Thursday, days after the first British jihadi was killed in Kenya. “Foreign fighters from far afield, some from Europe, are in the field here in the Horn of Africa,” Kenyan Deputy President William...

MOGADISHU, Somalia (AP) — A Somali soldier and four militants were killed Sunday as an al-Qaida-linked extremist group tried to attack a training compound used for intelligence officials in Mogadishu, a police officer said. The attack started with a suicide car bombing outside the intelligence school, which killed two attackers and a soldier, police Capt. Mohamed Hussein...

DADAAB, Kenya (Reuters) – When Kenyan police arrested six men in the vast Dadaab refugee camp near the Somali border last April, their ultimate aim was to dismantle a decades-old sugar smuggling trade that is funding Somali militants waging war on Kenya. The arrests, coming weeks after four al Shabaab gunmen massacred 148 people at nearby Garissa university, were...

Nairobi (AFP) – Kenya’s president ordered Thursday the central bank to issue regulations and then lift restrictions on key money transfer services vital for Somalia suspended over suspected links to the Al-Qaeda-allied Shebab. Kenya in April froze transfer companies as part of a crackdown on alleged Shebab supporters following the university massacre of almost...

When Ramadan gets under way this week, a group of Muslims in north London will gather for prayers not in a mosque, but a synagogue. In a tale of interfaith tolerance for our times, the Finchley Reform Synagogue has been hosting local Bravanese people – members of an Islamic community from south-east Somalia – since their nearby community centre was burned down in an...

Mogadishu, June 18 (IANS) Eight gunmen, believed to be Al Shabaab militants, died in an attempted suicide attack on a conference venue in the town of Adado in central Somalia on Thursday. The attackers raided the venue of the ongoing State Formation Conference, sparking a fierce gunfight, Osman Adde, a security official, told Xinhua news agency. “Four of them blew...

Somali security officials and the African Union police (AMISOM) head have on Tuesday discussed a new strategy to secure the country’s capital, Mogadishu and prevent possible attacks by Al-Shabab militants during the holy month of Ramadan, Somaliupdate Online reports. Somalia’s Police Chief General Mohamed Sheikh Hassan and AMISOM Police Head Anaan Pilly attended...

NAIROBI (Thomson Reuters Foundation) – Men in war-torn Somalia suffer high rates of drug addiction, divorce and mental illness, researchers said, urging donors to do more to support men and strengthen families. In Somali culture, men are expected to provide all household needs, from food to security. But many women have become breadwinners since the 1991 ouster of...

The number of Jubbaland forces (former Raskamboni brigades) defecting to Al-Shabaab has been on the increase in the past one year which many security analysts now say it could be another burden to the Kenyan security. One of the most recent defectors is Capt. Yusuf Mo’alim Nur, a Kenya trained Raskamboni soldier who then became of the new Jubbaland forces in Kismayo. After...

The Kenyan authorities will soon come up with “stringent measures” to restrict movement of refugees in and out of Dadaab camps, an official said on Thursday, claiming that the militant group Al-Shabaab has been gaining help from people in the camps. Northeastern Regional Coordinator, Mohamud Saleh, said some refugees were aiding the Somalia-based Al-Shabaab...

Grasslands are environments in which grasses and grass like plants dominate the vegetation. Grasslands once covered up to 25 to 40 percent of the earth’s land surface, but many of these grasslands have been plowed for crop production. Losing a piece of a grass land has a significant meaning to pastoral communities, and it is that they are witnessing the first signs...

AFP  ; – British distance great Mo Farah is to have his medical data examined by UK Athletics officials following the controversy engulfing his coach, Alberto Salazar, over doping allegations. Farah has flown to the United States where he is expected to meet with Salazar. The coach denies all the allegations made against him in a BBC television documentary last...

Hundreds of Somali passengers are stranded at Jomo Kenyatta airport in Nairobi after the Kenyan government suspended daily flights to Mogadishu as Obama’s visit to the country fast approaches. President Obama is expected in the country in July to take part at an entrepreneur conference that will be held at the capital Nairobi. “We have our tickets, but we were told...

Media PJ :- Al-Shabaab posted a new video online yesterday that showed white recruits among the members of the Somali terror group. The fighters don’t speak, so it’s unknown if they are American, European or even Chechen. But Shabaab recruitment in the U.S. has long concerned counterterrorism officials. The video from Shabaab’s media arm, Al-Kataib, shows a contingent...

The African Union and the Republic of Djibouti have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) that provides for the deployment of a second Djiboutian battalion of 900 troops within the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM).The MoU was signed late on Thursday at AU Headquarters in Addis Ababa, by the AU Commissioner for Peace and Security, Smail Chergui, and the Ambassador...

MINNEAPOLIS – Law enforcement and community leaders in Minnesota have seen this before: Young Somalis traveling abroad to fight under the banner of a terrorist organization. But while it can be tempting to compare a recent round of would-be jihadis attempting to join the Islamic State group’s campaign in the Middle East to previous instances of Somalis leaving...

BREITBART ; Nairobi : -Al-Shabaab, a Somali terror group, has been making waves in a big way in Kenya over the last several days. On Tuesday, the Islamist organization took control of a village only nine miles from a military base, and today leaders from Isiolo County, in the northwest of the country, have asked the Kenyan government to investigate armed men, believed...

CAPE TOWN, South Africa —  At the World Economic Forum on Africa today, MasterCard announced its partnership with Premier Bank, becoming the first international payments network to enter Somalia. As a result of the partnership, Premier Bank will now issue and accept the first MasterCard-branded payment cards in Somalia, a country that hasn’t had any form of formal...

BBC : – Fadumo Dayib wants to be Somalia’s first female president. The mother of four says she has already received death threats, but that nothing will stop her from running in the upcoming elections, which are due to be held in 2016. Fadumo was born in Kenya, the daughter of Somali parents. As a child, her family was deported back to Somalia, but when civil...

Nairobi (AFP) – From hit and run attacks and massacres to a shopping trip, Somali-led Shebab militants are on the march in northeastern Kenya With large numbers of troops in southern Somalia but seemingly unable to effectively police its own outer regions, Kenya must react quickly to stop the al-Qaeda-affiliated Islamists from gaining significant ground and finding...

NAIROBI (Reuters) – Kenya’s President Uhuru Kenyatta has promised a new campaign to stop people joining violent radical groups and to fight the influence of Somali Islamists whose attacks have killed hundreds and threatened growing prosperity. Suggesting a change in strategy with more use of discussion and persuasion, Kenyatta said conventional policing methods...

(Bloomberg) — Soma Oil & Gas Holdings Ltd., chaired by former U.K. Conservative Party leader Michael Howard, has proposed a deal with the Somali government that may grant it as much as 90 percent of the country’s prospective oil revenue. A draft production-sharing agreement, obtained by Bloomberg from an official close to the negotiations, sets the state’s...

NAIROBI (Reuters) – Militants from Somalia-based al Shabaab attacked a village in northeast Kenya but were beaten back by security forces, the Interior Ministry said on Friday. It said the militants entered the village of Yumbis, 70 km (45 miles) north of the town of Garissa, late on Thursday. “Security forces swiftly mobilized and engaged the militants in...

The Foreign Minister of the State of Qatar Dr. Khalid Bin Mohammed AlAttiyah visited Somalia today to hold bilateral talks with senior members of the Government of the Federal Republic of Somalia. The Qatari Foreign Minister and his delegation were welcomed at the new terminal of Aden Abdulle airport just before 11am by a Somali Government delegation led by Dr. Abdusalam...

Somalia’s president has lashed out at the government of neighbouring Kenya – accusing it of a “heavy-handed” approach to regional security, and specifically criticizing Kenya’s recent decision to clamp down on money transfer companies allegedly linked to the militant group, al-Shabab. In an interview with BBC News, President Hassan Sheikh...

The intercept : – U.S. COUNTERTERRORISM AGENCIES have long been preoccupied with the threat posed by the recruiting successes of the Somali terrorist group al Shabaab in Western countries. The group has managed to lure hundreds of foreign fighters — including some 40 Americans — to Somalia through online propaganda videos and word-of-mouth in disaffected immigrant...

Kenyan security agencies have been put on high alert after about 50 heavily-armed Ethiopian soldiers and police officers crossed the border and reportedly took over a police station. Police said the incident at Illeret Police Station in North Horr came just a week after surveyors had completed demarcating the Kenya-Ethiopia border. Armed with AK47 rifles, the Ethiopians...

According to a magazine, about 15 Germans are fighting for the Somali terror militia al-Shabab. Focus reported the number after six residents of the western city of Bonn were indicted upon their return from Somalia. Munich-based magazine “Focus” reported on Saturday that about 15 Germans are currently fighting in Somalia alongside the Shabab terror militia....

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Water Security” is herein described as the nexus between the availability, accessibility and use of water. The concept is defined as the ‘availability of, and access to water in sufficient quantity and quality to meet livelihood needs of all households throughout the year, without considering the needs of other users. Water Security is further described herein under ‘Securing Water for Production’. (Valerie Ndaruzaniye, 2011).  While ‘Water Insecurity’ refers to the exact opposite of the mentioned concept that is been the unavailability and inaccessibility of enough water to meet the livelihood need of all households in a period of one yearIn the Horn of Africa, increasing scarcity and degradation of water sources seriously threatens human well-being. The population in the region (Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya and Uganda) has increased fourfold in the past 50 years and continues to grow rapidly (United Nations Population Division, 2010). Farmers need more water to feed more mouths and extended areas are needed for food production, at the expense of forest and pasture lands. With a high and stable number of pastoral communities and decreasing amount of pastureland, pressure on land and water grows. The mounting need for fertile soils and irrigated land is intensified by high international demands for food and energy. Investors from all over the world are ready to invest in commercial farming in Sudan, Kenya, Uganda and Ethiopia. With inadequate soil and water management measures being taken, this growing pressure on natural resources leads to a decrease in the quality and quantity of soils, forests and water resources. (Eric van de Giessen: 2011)To put this region into water security context, according to Earth Trends, Environmental Information/World Resources Institute, Djibouti’s per capita is 460M3; Eritrea’s per capita is 701M3; Ethiopia’s per capita is 1,666M3 and Somalia’s per capita is 628 M3 (IRWR, 2011). According to the Falkenmark Water Stress Indicator, a country or a region is said to experience “water stress” when annual water supplies drop below 1,700 cubic meters per person per year. This means almost all parts of the Horn of Africa region can generally be termed as water stress region or facing water insecurityFigure 1, Map of the Horn of Africa region (Yellow): Source: Google Map 2010It is in this context; this paper will be exploring the water scarcity and stress in the horn of Africa region and how this will increase the vulnerability of the households and farmers as well as the impact it will have on the ability of the locals to utilize their socio-economic potentials. The paper will further attempt to assess the capacity of the existing institutions to manage the task at hand and finally the author referring to his personal knowledge and experience in the area as well as the reflections of the articles reviewed will hopefully suggest possible strategies for all the concerned stakeholders.In this review article, the author will attempt to examine five peer-reviewed articles, some with specific regional details and others more general outlook on water security, and will then try to create a holistic picture on the water situation on the ground as well as the efforts of those in charge in trying to mitigate the challenges of water security and enhance greater socio-economic well being for their people. Here are the articles the author intends to review for this paper: 1:Valerie Ndaruzaniye (2011) Water security in Ethiopia, Risk and vulnerability assessment. 2: Eric van de Giessen (2011) Horn of Africa Environmental Security Assessment-Institute for Environmental Security. 3: Simbarashe Govere et.al (2010) Coping with Water Scarcity in Eastern Africa; the role of intra-regional virtual water trade. 4) Declan Conway, et.al (2008) Rainfall and Water Resources Variability in Sub-Saharan Africa during the Twentieth Century 5) Noah Amin (2007) Water Scarcity In The Horn Of Africa And Its Deadly Consequences.In this part, the discussion will be mainly centered on the major factors that are causing water stress and scarcity in Africa generally and in particular the Horn. Almost all the articles reviewed for this paper mainly agree the major cause of the water stress in the region, but as we will later discover it, there are few country specific challenges with greater regional water security significance to it.In Sub-Saharan Africa, the Eastern African region, particularly the Horn of Africa, is considered highly geographically exposed to climate change and its impact over water. Out of 200 million people living in the Horn of Africa, 70 million are located in areas prone to extreme droughts leading to water insecurity and food shortages. In this Eastern African region, floods and droughts can occur in the same area within a very short period. Such events can exacerbate inadequate water availability in quality and quantity, sufficient enough to sustain agricultural activities and energy production. As a result, this often leads to famine and widespread disruption of socio-economic well being. (Valerie Ndaruzaniye, 2011)