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German chancellor Angela Merkel has called for a ban on full-face veils in the country, during a speech at her party’s conference on Tuesday. “The full veil is not appropriate here, it should be forbidden wherever that is legally possible. It does not belong to us,” she said at the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) gathering. Her comments were met with sustained applause...

BEIJING China has urged Washington to block the president of Taiwan from passing through the US, after reports saying she may stop in New York next month on her way to Central America. Taiwan has diplomatic relations with 22 states and the island’s leaders make regular visits to its small group of allies in Central America and the Caribbean, often stopping in the US...

The UN launched a record appeal for humanitarian aid on Monday, calling for $22.2 billion to help nearly 93 million people caught in conflicts and disasters around the world. The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) said $8.1 billion would go to help 12.8 million people in Syria and 4.7 million Syrian refugees in neighboring countries next year. “As...

SimbaPay also delivers money transfers via mobile money and bank account to other African countries such as Nigeria and Kenya LONDON, United Kingdom – SimbaPay, a London based digital money transfer provider – today announced the launch of its money transfer service to Ghana and Uganda. Using the SimbaPay app or website, Ghanaians and Ugandans living in Europe...

An argument between a Somali and a Turk in a bar in Zebbug Gozo ended up with both of them in hospital for treatment. The police said that at 10.15pm on Sunday, an argument ensued between a 35-year-old Turk and a 30-year-old Somali, both residing in Zebbug, Gozo. The Somali was hit by a glass, the police said, and the Turk was also injured in the brawl. Both were taken...

What can the success of counter-piracy operations in the Indian Ocean tell us about military cooperation more generally? Counter-piracy was the quintessential example of what cooperative sea power could accomplish, and the success of operations off Somalia helped drive the thinking of many American sea power theorists. The “Thousand Ship Navy” concept developed just...

A prominent Ethiopian opposition leader has been incarcerated for “violating the provisions of the state of emergency” and the matter will be “handled accordingly,” a government official said Friday. Speaking to reporters, government spokesperson Negeri Lencho said the detention of Merara Gudina on Wednesday – joining thousands also in detention – was solely...

Swedish police are looking for up to four suspects after two young Somali men were shot dead late Friday night in Stockholm’s Rinkeby neighborhood. Authorities have identified the deceased as 24 year old Zakarie and and 21 year old Feysal who are believed to have been brothers. The two men were killed after masked gunmen stormed into a cafe at around 9:30 pm and...

On 25 November 2016, the Council extended the mandate of the operation EUNAVFOR Somalia Operation Atalanta until 31 December 2018. The Council also allocated to the operation a budget of EUR 11.064 million from the so-called common costs. The European Union Naval Force Somalia Operation Atalanta was launched in December 2008 to contribute to the deterrence, prevention...

Former President Fidel Castro, who led a rebel army to improbable victory in Cuba, embraced Soviet-style communism and defied the power of 10 U.S. presidents during his half century rule, has died at age 90. With a shaking voice, his younger brother, Raul Castro, announced on state television that his brother died at 10:29 p.m. on Friday night. Castro’s reign over...

Just a few weeks after the Norwegian authorities said they will send refugees back to Somalia, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged Norway to change its mind. In October, Immigration Minister Sylvi Listhaug said that the Norwegian government had concluded that the situation in Somalia has settled down and that 1,600 Somali refugees living...

The BBC World Service today announced its biggest expansion since the 1940s in a move designed to bring its independent journalism to millions more people around the world, including those in places where media freedom is under threat. This includes the launch of six new African language services – Pidgin, Yoruba, Igbo; Amharic, Afaan Oromo and Tigrinya...

Somali President Hassan Sheik Mohamud has appealed to the international community to provide humanitarian assistance to people affected by severe drought which is ravaging the Horn of Africa nation. President Mohamud said several parts of Somalia have been affected by drought especially in regions in northern Somalia. “I appeal to the international community to immediately...

Somali security Forces in Baladweyne on Saturday launched an overnight operations aimed to hunt down perpetrators tied with a murder of two police officers, officials said. The operations wrapped up Baladweyne’s major neighborhoods including Buunda-weyn and Hawlwadaag villages in an effort to capture suspects. Residents said that operations pose traffic impasses in the...

Relative calm has returned to central Somali town of Galkayo but tension remains high after sporadic fighting between two rival regional states claimed lives of 45 people after five weeks of fighting, the UN humanitarian agency said on Friday. The UN Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) said heavy fighting between Galmudug and Puntland forces on Nov....

WASHINGTON (AP) — Donald Trump was elected America’s 45th president Tuesday, an astonishing victory for a celebrity businessman and political novice who capitalized on voters’ economic anxieties, took advantage of racial tensions and overcame a string of sexual assault allegations on his way to the White House. His triumph over Hillary Clinton will end eight...

Russian leader Vladimir Putin has congratulated newly-elected US President Donald Trump upon his emphatic shock victory. The Kremlin president has officially extended his well wishes to the 70-year-old. The State Duma in the former Soviet Union also reportedly broke into thunderous applause upon news of Hillary Clinton’s defeat on Wednesday morning. Mr Putin sent...

Somalia’s legislative elections missed a key deadline two weeks ago, risking a third delay and raising more serious questions about whether the deeply troubled country will ever make it out of its open-ended transition phase to become a real democracy. Four of the six federal states completed the election of members of the new upper house of the Somali Federal Parliament. But...

At least one person was killed in a clan clashes in central Somali town of Abudwak, residents said Thursday. At least one people were killed on Thursday in fighting between rival clans in central Somalia, residents in Abudwak of the Galgaduud region told KNN on Thursday. It is all about revenge-related accident, residents said. Somali Regional troops from Galmudug administration...

Somalia’s legislative elections missed a key deadline last week, risking a third delay and raising more serious questions about whether the deeply troubled country will ever make it out of its open-ended transition phase to become a real democracy. Four of the six federal states completed the election of members of the new upper house of the Somali Federal Parliament....

Water Security” is herein described as the nexus between the availability, accessibility and use of water. The concept is defined as the ‘availability of, and access to water in sufficient quantity and quality to meet livelihood needs of all households throughout the year, without considering the needs of other users. Water Security is further described herein under ‘Securing Water for Production’. (Valerie Ndaruzaniye, 2011).  While ‘Water Insecurity’ refers to the exact opposite of the mentioned concept that is been the unavailability and inaccessibility of enough water to meet the livelihood need of all households in a period of one yearIn the Horn of Africa, increasing scarcity and degradation of water sources seriously threatens human well-being. The population in the region (Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya and Uganda) has increased fourfold in the past 50 years and continues to grow rapidly (United Nations Population Division, 2010). Farmers need more water to feed more mouths and extended areas are needed for food production, at the expense of forest and pasture lands. With a high and stable number of pastoral communities and decreasing amount of pastureland, pressure on land and water grows. The mounting need for fertile soils and irrigated land is intensified by high international demands for food and energy. Investors from all over the world are ready to invest in commercial farming in Sudan, Kenya, Uganda and Ethiopia. With inadequate soil and water management measures being taken, this growing pressure on natural resources leads to a decrease in the quality and quantity of soils, forests and water resources. (Eric van de Giessen: 2011)To put this region into water security context, according to Earth Trends, Environmental Information/World Resources Institute, Djibouti’s per capita is 460M3; Eritrea’s per capita is 701M3; Ethiopia’s per capita is 1,666M3 and Somalia’s per capita is 628 M3 (IRWR, 2011). According to the Falkenmark Water Stress Indicator, a country or a region is said to experience “water stress” when annual water supplies drop below 1,700 cubic meters per person per year. This means almost all parts of the Horn of Africa region can generally be termed as water stress region or facing water insecurityFigure 1, Map of the Horn of Africa region (Yellow): Source: Google Map 2010It is in this context; this paper will be exploring the water scarcity and stress in the horn of Africa region and how this will increase the vulnerability of the households and farmers as well as the impact it will have on the ability of the locals to utilize their socio-economic potentials. The paper will further attempt to assess the capacity of the existing institutions to manage the task at hand and finally the author referring to his personal knowledge and experience in the area as well as the reflections of the articles reviewed will hopefully suggest possible strategies for all the concerned stakeholders.In this review article, the author will attempt to examine five peer-reviewed articles, some with specific regional details and others more general outlook on water security, and will then try to create a holistic picture on the water situation on the ground as well as the efforts of those in charge in trying to mitigate the challenges of water security and enhance greater socio-economic well being for their people. Here are the articles the author intends to review for this paper: 1:Valerie Ndaruzaniye (2011) Water security in Ethiopia, Risk and vulnerability assessment. 2: Eric van de Giessen (2011) Horn of Africa Environmental Security Assessment-Institute for Environmental Security. 3: Simbarashe Govere et.al (2010) Coping with Water Scarcity in Eastern Africa; the role of intra-regional virtual water trade. 4) Declan Conway, et.al (2008) Rainfall and Water Resources Variability in Sub-Saharan Africa during the Twentieth Century 5) Noah Amin (2007) Water Scarcity In The Horn Of Africa And Its Deadly Consequences.In this part, the discussion will be mainly centered on the major factors that are causing water stress and scarcity in Africa generally and in particular the Horn. Almost all the articles reviewed for this paper mainly agree the major cause of the water stress in the region, but as we will later discover it, there are few country specific challenges with greater regional water security significance to it.In Sub-Saharan Africa, the Eastern African region, particularly the Horn of Africa, is considered highly geographically exposed to climate change and its impact over water. Out of 200 million people living in the Horn of Africa, 70 million are located in areas prone to extreme droughts leading to water insecurity and food shortages. In this Eastern African region, floods and droughts can occur in the same area within a very short period. Such events can exacerbate inadequate water availability in quality and quantity, sufficient enough to sustain agricultural activities and energy production. As a result, this often leads to famine and widespread disruption of socio-economic well being. (Valerie Ndaruzaniye, 2011)