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Fighters from Somalia’s armed group al-Shabab have attacked an army base southwest of the capital, Mogadishu, killing at least 10 soldiers, the group and a military officer told the Reuters news agency. The attackers exploded a car packed with explosives before storming the Lanta Buro base in Lower Shabelle region, some 50km outside Mogadishu, on Monday morning. “Heavy...

MOGADISHU, SOMALIA—The 30-year-old sitting in the home of Somalia’s Minister of Internal Security is a wanted man. There is a U.S. warrant for his arrest and a $50,000 reward for information leading to his capture and conviction. Liban Haji Mohamed is charged with providing material support and resources to Al Shabab, Al Qaeda’s East Africa branch. If he went home...

MOGADISHU (HOL) – The World Food Programme (WFP) has today denied claims of distributing expired relief food to Somali nationals. This comes a day after Somali authorities seized allegedly expired foodstuff at Mogadishu’s Aden Adde Airport. The consignment was reportedly on transit to drought hit districts of  Bardere and Garbahaarey in Gedo Region. The head...

SOMALIA — Ethiopian forces have foiled planned Al-shabaab attack on its base in Hiran, Somalia yesterday morning leaving 248 Al-Shabaab militants dead including 5 top commanders. Al-shabaab militants were 400 in number and attacked the Ethiopian base with car bombs and from four different positions. According to Ethiopian colonel Aynom Mesfin, Al-Shabaab launched the...

Mogadishu: The African Union AMISOM force fighting in Somalia said on Thursday its troops repelled an attack on one of its bases by the al Shabaab Islamist group and killed 110 militants. “AMISOM forces killed 110 al Shabaab and captured a large cache of weapons,” AMISOM spokesman Lieutenant Colonel Joe Kibet told Reuters by telephone, adding that a claim...

A suicide car bomber crashed his vehicle into a gate outside a hotel frequented by lawmakers in the centre of the Somali capital Mogadishu on Wednesday and the attack was followed by gunfire, killing at least 10 people, police said. Al Qaeda-affiliated al Shabaab militants quickly claimed responsibility for the attack at the Hotel Ambassador and one police offcer said...

Thousands of residents fled their homes in the central Somali town of Beledweyne on Friday as the Shabelle river burst its banks, leaving the town under waters, officials said Saturday. With no rescue teams to deal with the emergency humanitarian disasters, residents used woody boats to evacuate their fellow residents trapped in the flooded neighborhoods while families...

NAIROBI, KENYA—A U.N. Security Council delegation was in Kenya’s capital Friday to discuss security issues in the region, including Kenya’s recent announcement that it will close its Dadaab refugee camp, home to an estimated 330,000 people, most of them Somalis. Members said they met earlier in the day with Kenya’s President Uhuru Kenyatta and discussed the...

The United Nations Security Council has called on Somali president to secure a parliamentary approval for the forthcoming election’s model amid concerns over the protracted process to endorse the 2016 electoral model, submitted by the government last month. Sources close to the UN told HOL that the visiting United Nations Security Council envoys in Mogadishu have called...

At least four people have been killed in ongoing clashes between two rival clan militias in the central Somali town of Beledweyne, witnesses said Tuesday. The fighting involving Galje’el and Jajele clans’ militiamen erupted in Howlwadaag neighborhood followed two separate killings of two men by attackers suspected to be from the two sides this week. “I saw four dead...

KUWAIT: Acting Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Sheikh Sabah Al-Khaled Al-Hamad Al-Sabah reiterated support to the Somali Government in all efforts it is exerting to combat terrorism. Sheikh Sabah Al-Khaled made this remark during a meeting with visiting Somali Defense Minister General Abdulkadir Sheikh Dini, at the Foreign Ministry Diwan on Tuesday. The Somali minister,...

Kenya said Wednesday it had set aside $10 million to help fund the closing of the world’s largest refugee camp, home to around 350,000 mostly Somali refugees, citing security fears. Kenya hosts around 600,000 refugees, some of whom have lived in the country for a quarter of a century. On Friday an interior ministry official announced a plan to refuse new refugee...

In the run up to this year’s elections, Somalia’s government has warned its officials against stealing public money by taking advantage of the crucial transition period the country would have to go through. The horn of Africa nation is set to have a new president by September that will mark the end of the four years mandate of the current central government. “Every...

Somali Special Forces have killed 15 fighters from the Al-Qaeda linked Al Shabab group during a raid in a rebel-held town in central Somalia, officials said Wednesday. The overnight commando raid in El-Timir, a small village in Galgadud region targeted a secret military camp from which officials said was used to train suicide bombers before launching attacks in the country. There...

A suicide car bomber blew his explosives-laden vehicle into the gates of Somali police headquarters in Mogadishu, killing five people, police, and witnesses said Monday. According to witnesses, two armed militants tried to storm the centre in Abdiaziz district after the blast before they were shot dead. Two police officers are among the three people killed in the blast...

The Turkish Prime Minister has announced his resignation after falling out with President Recep Tayyip Erdogan. Ahmet Davutoglu confirmed that he will formally step down at his party’s congress on 22 May following local media reports of his imminent resignation. He met Mr Erdogan late on Wednesday in an apparently failed bid to smooth things over amid growing tensions...

GENEVA- Up to 500 migrants might have drowned in the Mediterranean last week when human traffickers crammed people onto an already overcrowded ship, causing it to sink, the U.N. refugee agency said on Wednesday. If confirmed, it would be the worst such tragedy in 12 months and bring the total number of migrant drownings in the southern Mediterranean to nearly 800 so far...

A young taxi driver brutally murdered in Melbourne at the end of his shift may have been the victim of an opportunistic attack by a would-be thief. The 31-year-old Somali-born driver had finished his shift on Wednesday night and was walking to his Fitzroy home when he was reportedly stabbed around 11.30pm. Paramedics and police officers from the nearby Fitzroy Police Station...

Former al Shabaab senior commander has surrendered to the Somali Police force, Amisom has said. Via twitter on Tuesday night, Amisom said Ahmed Mohamud Afrah in Galcad surrendered to the police. “Amisom congratulates Ahmed upon his act of courage and encourages other militants to abandon acts of terrorism and embrace peace,” Amisom said. On April 5, Amisom...

Somalia is asking Russia to help equip its armed forces to fight terrorism in the Horn of Africa nation, where Islamic militant group al-Shabab is waging a deadly insurgency against the Western-backed government, according to Sputnik news agency, which is owned and operated by the Russian government. Mogadishu is also seeking Moscow’s support in strengthening its flagging...

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Water Security” is herein described as the nexus between the availability, accessibility and use of water. The concept is defined as the ‘availability of, and access to water in sufficient quantity and quality to meet livelihood needs of all households throughout the year, without considering the needs of other users. Water Security is further described herein under ‘Securing Water for Production’. (Valerie Ndaruzaniye, 2011).  While ‘Water Insecurity’ refers to the exact opposite of the mentioned concept that is been the unavailability and inaccessibility of enough water to meet the livelihood need of all households in a period of one yearIn the Horn of Africa, increasing scarcity and degradation of water sources seriously threatens human well-being. The population in the region (Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya and Uganda) has increased fourfold in the past 50 years and continues to grow rapidly (United Nations Population Division, 2010). Farmers need more water to feed more mouths and extended areas are needed for food production, at the expense of forest and pasture lands. With a high and stable number of pastoral communities and decreasing amount of pastureland, pressure on land and water grows. The mounting need for fertile soils and irrigated land is intensified by high international demands for food and energy. Investors from all over the world are ready to invest in commercial farming in Sudan, Kenya, Uganda and Ethiopia. With inadequate soil and water management measures being taken, this growing pressure on natural resources leads to a decrease in the quality and quantity of soils, forests and water resources. (Eric van de Giessen: 2011)To put this region into water security context, according to Earth Trends, Environmental Information/World Resources Institute, Djibouti’s per capita is 460M3; Eritrea’s per capita is 701M3; Ethiopia’s per capita is 1,666M3 and Somalia’s per capita is 628 M3 (IRWR, 2011). According to the Falkenmark Water Stress Indicator, a country or a region is said to experience “water stress” when annual water supplies drop below 1,700 cubic meters per person per year. This means almost all parts of the Horn of Africa region can generally be termed as water stress region or facing water insecurityFigure 1, Map of the Horn of Africa region (Yellow): Source: Google Map 2010It is in this context; this paper will be exploring the water scarcity and stress in the horn of Africa region and how this will increase the vulnerability of the households and farmers as well as the impact it will have on the ability of the locals to utilize their socio-economic potentials. The paper will further attempt to assess the capacity of the existing institutions to manage the task at hand and finally the author referring to his personal knowledge and experience in the area as well as the reflections of the articles reviewed will hopefully suggest possible strategies for all the concerned stakeholders.In this review article, the author will attempt to examine five peer-reviewed articles, some with specific regional details and others more general outlook on water security, and will then try to create a holistic picture on the water situation on the ground as well as the efforts of those in charge in trying to mitigate the challenges of water security and enhance greater socio-economic well being for their people. Here are the articles the author intends to review for this paper: 1:Valerie Ndaruzaniye (2011) Water security in Ethiopia, Risk and vulnerability assessment. 2: Eric van de Giessen (2011) Horn of Africa Environmental Security Assessment-Institute for Environmental Security. 3: Simbarashe Govere et.al (2010) Coping with Water Scarcity in Eastern Africa; the role of intra-regional virtual water trade. 4) Declan Conway, et.al (2008) Rainfall and Water Resources Variability in Sub-Saharan Africa during the Twentieth Century 5) Noah Amin (2007) Water Scarcity In The Horn Of Africa And Its Deadly Consequences.In this part, the discussion will be mainly centered on the major factors that are causing water stress and scarcity in Africa generally and in particular the Horn. Almost all the articles reviewed for this paper mainly agree the major cause of the water stress in the region, but as we will later discover it, there are few country specific challenges with greater regional water security significance to it.In Sub-Saharan Africa, the Eastern African region, particularly the Horn of Africa, is considered highly geographically exposed to climate change and its impact over water. Out of 200 million people living in the Horn of Africa, 70 million are located in areas prone to extreme droughts leading to water insecurity and food shortages. In this Eastern African region, floods and droughts can occur in the same area within a very short period. Such events can exacerbate inadequate water availability in quality and quantity, sufficient enough to sustain agricultural activities and energy production. As a result, this often leads to famine and widespread disruption of socio-economic well being. (Valerie Ndaruzaniye, 2011)