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Hiiraan | Hiiraan Net | Wararka somalia | Somali news | Warar, Quraan iyo Tafsiir.

Hiiraan | Hiiraan Net | Wararka somalia | Somali news | Warar, Quraan iyo Tafsiir.

The Ministerial Meeting of the UN High Commissioner’s Global Initiative on Somali Refugees convened on Wednesday (August 20) in Addis Ababa. It is aimed to mobilize resources, identify strategies and promote innovative, comprehensive and durable solutions for Somali refugees and for displaced populations in the region. Those attending included Abdiweli Sheikh Ahmed,...

NAIROBI (Reuters) – The Kenyan shilling edged down against the dollar on Thursday and traders said it was likely to remain under pressure due to a sharp decline in tourism. At 0730 GMT, commercial banks posted the shilling at 88.30/40, down from Wednesday’s close of 88.20/30. “The shilling is in trouble,” said Chris Muiga, a trader at National Bank,...

UPDF soldiers keeping peace in Somalia have not been paid for six months, The Observer has learnt. Frustrated, the soldiers have asked Parliament to intervene. Each soldier draws a gross salary of $1,028 (Shs 2.6m) which translates into a net pay of $828 (Shs 2.15m). Kigulu South MP Milton Muwuma told us on Monday that several soldiers had telephoned him and raised similar...

MOGADISHU, Somalia (AP) — Inside the small office, the line of sweating clients waiting to renew their satellite TV subscriptions keeps growing. Technicians crimp wires and test signal strength of boxes while others go to homes across the Somali capital to install new systems or fix faulty ones. The TV business is booming in Somalia, in part because of fears by people...

Fijian police have been told that four men apparently killed at sea in a video posted on YouTube were most likely Somali pirates shot by fishermen after a failed hijacking attempt. The police have asked Interpol for help verifying a video which appears to show the brutal killing of men at sea. A graphic video posted on YouTube in Suva yesterday shows four men being shot...

MOGADISHU, SOMALIA — A Somali police official says security forces arrested a senior pirate commander in Mogadishu. Capt. Mohamed Hussein said Monday that Mohamed Garfanji, considered to be the second-ranking leader of Somalia’s pirate industry, was arrested in Mogadishu Sunday for possessing illegal arms and other charges related to piracy. Garfanji is the second...

Mogadishu (AFP) – Somalia’s journalist union on Monday urged the government to ensure a fair trial of three colleagues arrested last week when security forces stormed a major radio station for “negative” broadcasts. Radio Shabelle and its sister station Sky FM were shut down Friday after they were reportedly critical of a military operation to disarm...

Multiple social media reports in Iraq say that a young Calgary man who appeared in an ISIS video four months ago has been killed in Iraq. Farah Mohamed Shirdon, a Calgarian fighting overseas with the militant group Islamic State of Iraq and Syria, was seen in the video burning his Canadian passport and threatening to destroy Iraq’s oppressors. The Department...

Mogadishu (AFP) – Heavy fighting broke out in Mogadishu on Friday as Somali government and African Union troops battled a powerful militia warlord in a bid to disarm him, security officials said, reporting a number of casualties. “Government forces and African troops are conducting security operations in Mogadishu, and this morning militiamen confronted them,”...

Somalia’s government has launched a new disarmament campaign that has netted some 500 guns and sparked gun battles in a capital that is awash with weapons, said officials who want to get rid of the weapons before they fall into the hands of al-Qaeda-linked fighters Gun markets have a long history in Mogadishu, a city once ruled by clan warlords. Disarmament campaigns,...

Mogadishu, 13 August 2014 – Members of the United Nations Security Council arrived in Mogadishu this morning on a landmark visit to Somalia to review progress made by the Federal Government with assistance from the international community, and to demonstrate their continued support for the country’s efforts to ensure a sustainable peace. The visit by the fifteen-member...

Mogadishu (AFP) – UN Security Council ambassadors met with Somalia’s president Wednesday under heavy security in the war-ravaged capital Mogadishu, the presidency said in a statement. President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud and top government officials met the UN envoys “to discuss progress in Somalia”, the presidency said in a statement. The UN-mandated...

Standing in the same place he did a year and a half ago, Somali President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud urged Somali-Americans gathered Saturday night at the University of Minnesota’s Northrop Auditorium not to raise money for al-Shabaab, and he called on parents to prevent their children from being brainwashed by the militant group. He said al-Shabaab is now in retreat,...

Mogadishu (AFP) – Somalia’s hardline Islamists said they fought intense battles Saturday with government and African Union troops in the central Hiran region that left 18 people dead on both sides. Shebab spokesman Abdulaziz Abu Musab told AFP the deaths occurred after the group’s fighters attacked a base of the AU force in Buloburde town, some 200 kilometres...

Mogadishu (AFP) – A Somali journalist accused of killing colleagues and working for the Al-Qaeda linked Shebab has been arrested in Kenya and will be extradited to Mogadishu, Somalia’s information minister said on Saturday. A series of journalists have been killed in recent years in Somalia, one of the most dangerous countries in the world to work as a reporter. “As...

At least 250 soldiers of the Somali National Army (SNA) have graduated from a two-week long European Union-sponsored military training course focused on urban warfare and human rights. Media reports from Mogadishu quoted SNA spokesman General Abdulkader Nur saying the training, which is provided by the European Union Training Mission in Somalia (EUTM), is part of the rebuilding...

By Mick Krever and Claire Calzonetti, CNN Hassan Sheikh Mohamud has a pitch. “There is no investment without risk,” the president of Somalia – a country nearly synonymous with “failed state” – told CNN’s Fred Pleitgen, in for Christiane Amanpour, on Tuesday. “In Somalia, the level of risk right now we have – some people may claim that it’s high,...

Kenyan police have arrested an official from Somalia’s militant Islamist group al-Shabab, security sources have told the BBC. Police believe the suspect is former journalist Hassan Hanafi, who is accused of killing journalists in Somalia, other sources said. However, the man has denied under interrogation that he is Mr Hanafi, the sources added. Al-Shabab has carried...

WASHINGTON (Reuters) – Somalia’s President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud told Reuters on Tuesday he expected a new military drive by African Union and Somali forces to start in the next few days to push al Shabaab militants from more territory. Al Shabaab ruled most of the southern region of Somalia from 2006 until 2011 when African forces drove them out of Mogadishu...

Long plagued by conflict and corruption, Africa enjoys an economic boost. Can it last? WASHINGTON (AP) — They export BMWs and birdseed and plenty in between. Their middle class is growing fast enough to draw the likes of Marriott and Wal-Mart. China, Europe, Japan and the United States are vying to build roads and power plants there. No longer are the nations of...

Washington (AFP) – The United States urged African leaders on Monday to respect political differences, saying that core democratic principles are vital to achieving long-term economic growth. The call came at the start of an unprecedented US-Africa summit in Washington attended by 35 presidents, nine prime ministers, three vice presidents, two foreign ministers and...

Somalia expects to complete an assessment of its oil and gas potential this year as security gains in the battle against al-Qaeda militants enable foreign investors to return, President Hassan Sheikh Mohamoud said. Seismic studies are being conducted onshore and off the coast of the Horn of Africa nation. Companies including Royal Dutch Shell Plc (RDSA), Exxon Mobil Corp....

Lagos (AFP) – Rising violence from brutal Islamist groups in Africa will be a key issue at an Africa summit US President Barack Obama is hosting in Washington this week. But while insecurity created by Boko Haram in Nigeria and Cameroon, for instance, or by the Shebab in Somalia and parts of Kenya and Uganda, is plainly worrying, the United States is wary about greatly...

MINNEAPOLIS (AP) — In a neighborhood dubbed “Little Mogadishu,” Mohamud Noor can’t walk more than a block without being stopped by someone who wants to shake his hand. Juggling two cell phones and a stack of campaign fliers, he chats them up on his bid for a seat in Minnesota’s House of Representatives. They already know. He’s one of theirs. “You’re...

Mogadishu’s new police commissioner was once wanted in Canada as a “war criminal” after a refugee and immigration board concluded he was “responsible for the ruthless torture of prisoners” while with Somalia’s police force in the 1980s. Mogadishu’s new police commissioner was once wanted in Canada as a “war criminal” after a refugee and immigration board...

MOGADISHU, Somalia (AP) — A military spokesman for the African Union mission in Somalia says the AU has canceled a planned troop rotation by Sierra Leonean forces because of the Ebola outbreak. Col. Ali Aden Houmed told The Associated Press late Thursday that the Union decided to halt the deployment of a new battalion in an effort to prevent the disease from crossing...

There was some bad news this week for Kenya’s tourism industry, a vital driver of the country’s $41 billion economy (the Economist estimates that tourism provides up to 15% of GDP). According to the state-run Kenya Tourism Board (KTB), international arrivals for the first five months of the year are down 4%, from 398,000 in 2013 to 381,000 in 2014. In other words,...

Militant Islamists in Somalia have shot dead a Muslim woman for refusing to wear a veil, her relatives say. Ruqiya Farah Yarow was killed outside her hut near the southern Somali town of Hosingow by gunmen belonging to the al-Shabab group, they say. The militants had ordered her to put on a veil, and then killed her after returning and finding she was still not wearing...

Water Security” is herein described as the nexus between the availability, accessibility and use of water. The concept is defined as the ‘availability of, and access to water in sufficient quantity and quality to meet livelihood needs of all households throughout the year, without considering the needs of other users. Water Security is further described herein under ‘Securing Water for Production’. (Valerie Ndaruzaniye, 2011).  While ‘Water Insecurity’ refers to the exact opposite of the mentioned concept that is been the unavailability and inaccessibility of enough water to meet the livelihood need of all households in a period of one yearIn the Horn of Africa, increasing scarcity and degradation of water sources seriously threatens human well-being. The population in the region (Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya and Uganda) has increased fourfold in the past 50 years and continues to grow rapidly (United Nations Population Division, 2010). Farmers need more water to feed more mouths and extended areas are needed for food production, at the expense of forest and pasture lands. With a high and stable number of pastoral communities and decreasing amount of pastureland, pressure on land and water grows. The mounting need for fertile soils and irrigated land is intensified by high international demands for food and energy. Investors from all over the world are ready to invest in commercial farming in Sudan, Kenya, Uganda and Ethiopia. With inadequate soil and water management measures being taken, this growing pressure on natural resources leads to a decrease in the quality and quantity of soils, forests and water resources. (Eric van de Giessen: 2011)To put this region into water security context, according to Earth Trends, Environmental Information/World Resources Institute, Djibouti’s per capita is 460M3; Eritrea’s per capita is 701M3; Ethiopia’s per capita is 1,666M3 and Somalia’s per capita is 628 M3 (IRWR, 2011). According to the Falkenmark Water Stress Indicator, a country or a region is said to experience “water stress” when annual water supplies drop below 1,700 cubic meters per person per year. This means almost all parts of the Horn of Africa region can generally be termed as water stress region or facing water insecurityFigure 1, Map of the Horn of Africa region (Yellow): Source: Google Map 2010It is in this context; this paper will be exploring the water scarcity and stress in the horn of Africa region and how this will increase the vulnerability of the households and farmers as well as the impact it will have on the ability of the locals to utilize their socio-economic potentials. The paper will further attempt to assess the capacity of the existing institutions to manage the task at hand and finally the author referring to his personal knowledge and experience in the area as well as the reflections of the articles reviewed will hopefully suggest possible strategies for all the concerned stakeholders.In this review article, the author will attempt to examine five peer-reviewed articles, some with specific regional details and others more general outlook on water security, and will then try to create a holistic picture on the water situation on the ground as well as the efforts of those in charge in trying to mitigate the challenges of water security and enhance greater socio-economic well being for their people. Here are the articles the author intends to review for this paper: 1:Valerie Ndaruzaniye (2011) Water security in Ethiopia, Risk and vulnerability assessment. 2: Eric van de Giessen (2011) Horn of Africa Environmental Security Assessment-Institute for Environmental Security. 3: Simbarashe Govere et.al (2010) Coping with Water Scarcity in Eastern Africa; the role of intra-regional virtual water trade. 4) Declan Conway, et.al (2008) Rainfall and Water Resources Variability in Sub-Saharan Africa during the Twentieth Century 5) Noah Amin (2007) Water Scarcity In The Horn Of Africa And Its Deadly Consequences.In this part, the discussion will be mainly centered on the major factors that are causing water stress and scarcity in Africa generally and in particular the Horn. Almost all the articles reviewed for this paper mainly agree the major cause of the water stress in the region, but as we will later discover it, there are few country specific challenges with greater regional water security significance to it.In Sub-Saharan Africa, the Eastern African region, particularly the Horn of Africa, is considered highly geographically exposed to climate change and its impact over water. Out of 200 million people living in the Horn of Africa, 70 million are located in areas prone to extreme droughts leading to water insecurity and food shortages. In this Eastern African region, floods and droughts can occur in the same area within a very short period. Such events can exacerbate inadequate water availability in quality and quantity, sufficient enough to sustain agricultural activities and energy production. As a result, this often leads to famine and widespread disruption of socio-economic well being. (Valerie Ndaruzaniye, 2011)