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Hiiraan | Hiiraan Net | Wararka somalia | Somali news | Warar, Quraan iyo Tafsiir.

Hiiraan | Hiiraan Net | Wararka somalia | Somali news | Warar, Quraan iyo Tafsiir.

Residents of the Somali capital, Mogadishu, are feeling safer and more optimistic than they were a year ago, according to a new survey. The Heritage Institute of Policy Studies, which analysed data collected from more than 1,600 residents, said people reported a decline in violence. However, serious concerns remain, such as attacks by Islamist group al-Shabab, and mistrust...

Mogadishu, Sep 29 (IANS/EFE) A total of 545 members of the armed Islamist militant group Al Shabaab have accepted an amnesty offered by the Somali government after the death of former leader of the militia, Ahmed Abdi Godane. The number was reported Monday by the Barbaar Initiative, an international agency which support the reintegration of former fighters. The increasing...

LONDON (Thomson Reuters Foundation) – Somalia was the worst-ranked country in an annual African governance index released on Monday, which showed even the best performers had slipped in at least one category over the past five years. The east African country ranked lowest in all four categories of the 2014 Ibrahim Index: safety and rule of law, participation and...

MOGADISHU – The Somali government on Saturday announced a $2 million bounty on the head of new Al-Shabaab leader Ahmed Omar Abu Ubeyd. “The government offers $1 million for information leading to the arrest of the new Al-Shabaab leader and $1 million for information leading to his death,” the National Intelligence and Security Agency [NISA] said in a statement. The...

United Nations (United States) (AFP) – Somalia’s president on Friday appealed at the United Nations for half a billion dollars in aid even as he declared that his violence-prone country was “no longer broken.” “It grieves me to report today that the humanitarian situation in Somalia is extremely critical,” President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud...

MOGADISHU: A Somali woman has been stoned to death in an Islamist Shebab-controlled part of the country for secretly marrying several husbands, officials and witnesses said Saturday. Witnesses said the woman was buried up to her neck and pelted with rocks and stones by hooded men in front of a large crowd in the southern coastal district of Barawe. “The woman married...

Three Somali pirates were killed in a fight over the ransom paid to free the German-American journalist who was released this week after two years and eight months of captivity, a police official said Friday. The gunfight broke out in the central town of Galkayo late Thursday when some of the pirates who held Michael Scott Moore attacked their comrades, accusing them of...

WASHINGTON— It was shortly after 5:30 p.m. September 1, when Ahmed Abdi Godane and his bodyguards stopped their car along a road near Sablale, in Somalia’s Lower Shabelle region. Sources disagree on why. Some say the al-Shabab militant leader and his comrades heard the sound of drones overhead. Some say they had stopped earlier, and were sitting near the car enjoying...

A German-American journalist who was kidnapped in Somalia more than two years ago was freed Tuesday, according to a Somali police official and a leader of the Somali pirates who held the journalist. The journalist, identified by the German weekly Der Spiegel as 45-year-old Michael Scott Moore, was immediately flown to Kenya’s capital, Nairobi, after being freed,...

MOGADISHU– Somali President Hassan Sheikh Mohamoud on Monday left for a UN summit meeting in New York this week, state radio reported. The Somali leader will speak at the summit that is expected to bring world heads of states and government in New York to tackle key issues affecting the world. The president will brief the UN meeting about progress made by his government...

Kenya is proposing that Somali refugees living at camps in the north be moved to a settlement in southern Somalia as part of the United Nations-supported repatriation process, an Interior Ministry official said. Kenya, Somalia and the UN signed an agreement last year to pave the way for Somali refugees to voluntarily return home as Kenya seeks to overcome the threat of...

World Bulletin / News Desk A 45-day ultimatum and amnesty offer by the Somali government has seen dozens of Al-Shabaab militants surrender their arms, a government official has said. “We are receiving defectors on a daily basis since the president issued the amnesty,” National Security spokesman Mohamed Yusuf Osman told Anadolu Agency by phone. “We are...

Early in September, U.S. President Barack Obama announced he had carried out a targeted assassination of the leader of the Al-Shabaab Islamic resistance organization in Somalia. The group has been fighting against the Somali government and a regional military force for over six years. In a matter of days, Al-Shabaab claimed responsibility for retaliatory attacks against...

Nairobi – Mass arrests, extortion, deportation and suspicion: one year since Somali gunmen staged a four-day massacre in Nairobi’s Westgate mall, Somalis in Kenya say the attack has left their community battling harassment and denigration. “The Somali people in Kenya strongly condemned the attack on Westgate, but they were collectively punished for it”,...

Two siblings are on a quest to revive the entrepreneurial streak once associated with Somali communities abroad. Asli and Yassin Ciyow want to dispel the image that young diaspora Somalis are often unemployed, involved in gangs, or linked to Islamist militants. The duo, born to a Somali father and a French mother, are bringing together 32 aspiring young British-Somali...

MOGADISHU—When African peacekeepers and Somali troops launched an offensive against Islamist militants in Somalia’s small seaside town of Marka, Rukia Nur and her 10 children joined the stream of thousands who have fled to the capital in past months. They now make their home in a sprawling camp in Mogadishu’s outskirts – a place at the center of a growing...

Weeks after photos surfaced of two Somali-Americans allegedly killed fighting with Islamist militants in Syria, the father of one man is still waiting for official confirmation that his son is dead. Speaking publicly for the first time, Dayib Ahmed Abdi told VOA Somali in an exclusive interview that he does not have conclusive evidence his 29-year-old son Abdifatah Dayib...

HELSINKI (AP) — Prosecutors in Finland have charged four people with financing terrorism for allegedly collecting money for an al-Qaida linked militant group in Somalia. District Prosecutor Elina Hypponen told The Associated Press on Wednesday that it’s the first time terror charges have been filed in Finland. She said the defendants, who were not identified, collected...

16 September 2014 – Alarming circumstances such as forced evictions, drought, conflict and lack of livelihood have forced over 130,000 people from their homes in Somalia so far this year, with the majority being internally displaced, warned the United Nations refugee agency today. “Insecurity was the main cause of internal displacement, with some 38,000 people fleeing...

The Star; – Police in the Ugandan capital Kampala seized “substantial amounts of explosives” and suicide vests in raids on a suspected al Shabaab cell that was planning an imminent attack, a Ugandan official said in an interview on Sunday. Police arrested 19 people in the operation on Saturday, and Information Minister Rose Namayanja urged the public...

Yesterday at around 0600 hours, AMISOM forces conducted several targeted in-depth operations around the town of Badhadhe in Lower Juba region in a village called Lagta Berta targeting two camps where Al-Shabaab militiamen had converged after fleeing from the impending fall of Barawe from the ongoing Operation Indian Ocean. During the raid, Al-Shabaab suffered heavy losses,...

Nairobi (AFP) – US President Barack Obama has ordered a “relentless” war against the Islamic State, and has cited the ongoing intervention in Somalia as a model for intervention in Syria and Iraq. So drawing on the experience of US operations against Somalia’s Al-Qaeda-linked Shebab rebels, what can the Islamic State expect to face in the coming...

According to starrfmonline.com, Somalia, Djibouti and Ghana are among the top 10 African countries with the most desirable women. The website reported: Ghanaian women are the third most beautiful ladies in Africa, according to ranking site Ranker. They were beaten to the top spot by Somalia and Djibouti in that order, suggesting Somalian ladies are the most beautiful on...

NAIROBI (Reuters) – The Kenyan shilling eased on Thursday as importers sought dollars and is likely to face more pressure in coming days because a downturn in tourism has hurt foreign exchange inflows. At 0831 GMT, commercial banks quoted the shilling at 88.80/90 to the dollar, compared with Thursday’s close of 88.75/85. The Bank of Africa wrote in a report...

NAIROBI (Reuters) – Kenya on Thursday swore in a new intelligence chief who it hopes will tackle the rising threat from al Shabaab militants in neighbouring Somalia bent on retaliation after U.S. missiles last week killed their leader and co-founder Ahmed Godane. Major-General Philip Kameru’s appointment as the new director general of Kenya’s National...

WASHINGTON (AP) — A strong solar flare is blasting its way to Earth, but the worst of its power looks like it will barely skim above the planet and not cause many problems. It has been several years since Earth has had a solar storm of this size coming from sunspots smack in the middle of the sun, said Tom Berger, director of the Space Weather Prediction Center in Boulder,...

Tonight, in his highly anticipated speech announcing a strategy to address the Islamic State and the ongoing conflicts in Syria and Iraq, President Obama will compare his plans to what the United States has been doing in Somalia and Yemen to address al-Qaeda affiliates and violent jihadi groups in those places over the past several years. (See the excerpts here.) How does...

NAIROBI (Reuters) – Kenyan authorities have detained two German nationals who they accuse of being members of the Somali Islamist group al Shabaab, which has been blamed for a series of attacks on Kenyan soil, police said Tuesday. “We arrested the two foreigners following information that they had travelled to Somalia and joined the militant group fighting...

Water Security” is herein described as the nexus between the availability, accessibility and use of water. The concept is defined as the ‘availability of, and access to water in sufficient quantity and quality to meet livelihood needs of all households throughout the year, without considering the needs of other users. Water Security is further described herein under ‘Securing Water for Production’. (Valerie Ndaruzaniye, 2011).  While ‘Water Insecurity’ refers to the exact opposite of the mentioned concept that is been the unavailability and inaccessibility of enough water to meet the livelihood need of all households in a period of one yearIn the Horn of Africa, increasing scarcity and degradation of water sources seriously threatens human well-being. The population in the region (Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya and Uganda) has increased fourfold in the past 50 years and continues to grow rapidly (United Nations Population Division, 2010). Farmers need more water to feed more mouths and extended areas are needed for food production, at the expense of forest and pasture lands. With a high and stable number of pastoral communities and decreasing amount of pastureland, pressure on land and water grows. The mounting need for fertile soils and irrigated land is intensified by high international demands for food and energy. Investors from all over the world are ready to invest in commercial farming in Sudan, Kenya, Uganda and Ethiopia. With inadequate soil and water management measures being taken, this growing pressure on natural resources leads to a decrease in the quality and quantity of soils, forests and water resources. (Eric van de Giessen: 2011)To put this region into water security context, according to Earth Trends, Environmental Information/World Resources Institute, Djibouti’s per capita is 460M3; Eritrea’s per capita is 701M3; Ethiopia’s per capita is 1,666M3 and Somalia’s per capita is 628 M3 (IRWR, 2011). According to the Falkenmark Water Stress Indicator, a country or a region is said to experience “water stress” when annual water supplies drop below 1,700 cubic meters per person per year. This means almost all parts of the Horn of Africa region can generally be termed as water stress region or facing water insecurityFigure 1, Map of the Horn of Africa region (Yellow): Source: Google Map 2010It is in this context; this paper will be exploring the water scarcity and stress in the horn of Africa region and how this will increase the vulnerability of the households and farmers as well as the impact it will have on the ability of the locals to utilize their socio-economic potentials. The paper will further attempt to assess the capacity of the existing institutions to manage the task at hand and finally the author referring to his personal knowledge and experience in the area as well as the reflections of the articles reviewed will hopefully suggest possible strategies for all the concerned stakeholders.In this review article, the author will attempt to examine five peer-reviewed articles, some with specific regional details and others more general outlook on water security, and will then try to create a holistic picture on the water situation on the ground as well as the efforts of those in charge in trying to mitigate the challenges of water security and enhance greater socio-economic well being for their people. Here are the articles the author intends to review for this paper: 1:Valerie Ndaruzaniye (2011) Water security in Ethiopia, Risk and vulnerability assessment. 2: Eric van de Giessen (2011) Horn of Africa Environmental Security Assessment-Institute for Environmental Security. 3: Simbarashe Govere et.al (2010) Coping with Water Scarcity in Eastern Africa; the role of intra-regional virtual water trade. 4) Declan Conway, et.al (2008) Rainfall and Water Resources Variability in Sub-Saharan Africa during the Twentieth Century 5) Noah Amin (2007) Water Scarcity In The Horn Of Africa And Its Deadly Consequences.In this part, the discussion will be mainly centered on the major factors that are causing water stress and scarcity in Africa generally and in particular the Horn. Almost all the articles reviewed for this paper mainly agree the major cause of the water stress in the region, but as we will later discover it, there are few country specific challenges with greater regional water security significance to it.In Sub-Saharan Africa, the Eastern African region, particularly the Horn of Africa, is considered highly geographically exposed to climate change and its impact over water. Out of 200 million people living in the Horn of Africa, 70 million are located in areas prone to extreme droughts leading to water insecurity and food shortages. In this Eastern African region, floods and droughts can occur in the same area within a very short period. Such events can exacerbate inadequate water availability in quality and quantity, sufficient enough to sustain agricultural activities and energy production. As a result, this often leads to famine and widespread disruption of socio-economic well being. (Valerie Ndaruzaniye, 2011)