Scroll to Top

Hiiraan | Hiiraan Net | Wararka somalia | Somali news | Warar, Quraan iyo Tafsiir.

Hiiraan | Hiiraan Net | Wararka somalia | Somali news | Warar, Quraan iyo Tafsiir.

There was some bad news this week for Kenya’s tourism industry, a vital driver of the country’s $41 billion economy (the Economist estimates that tourism provides up to 15% of GDP). According to the state-run Kenya Tourism Board (KTB), international arrivals for the first five months of the year are down 4%, from 398,000 in 2013 to 381,000 in 2014. In other words,...

Militant Islamists in Somalia have shot dead a Muslim woman for refusing to wear a veil, her relatives say. Ruqiya Farah Yarow was killed outside her hut near the southern Somali town of Hosingow by gunmen belonging to the al-Shabab group, they say. The militants had ordered her to put on a veil, and then killed her after returning and finding she was still not wearing...

The Jerusalem post;- Sunday, July 27, 2014 An Al-Shabab Al-Mujahideen spokesman delivered a sermon in a Barawa mosque in Somalia on Sunday calling upon Muslims to attack Jewish targets everywhere, according to a report provided exclusively to The Jerusalem Post by the Jihad and Terrorism Threat Monitor of MEMRI (the Middle East Media Research Institute). Speaking about...

ISTANBUL (IPS) Tuesday, July 29, 2014- Among the labyrinth of winding narrow streets just outside a major shopping centre in the Kumkapi neighbourhood of Istanbul is a rundown road, congested with shops and apartments stacked atop one another. Cars somehow manage to come barrelling down the street as people slowly move to the narrow pavement already full of food carts...

Mogadishu (AFP) – Over 350,000 people in Somalia’s war-ravaged capital are in acute need of food aid as government and charities struggle to cope, the UN warned Saturday, with other cities also in crisis. “The food security situation has worsened as early warnings highlight drought conditions in parts of Somalia,” a report from the UN Office for...

Mogadishu (AFP) – African Union troops in Somalia said Friday they had killed two “senior” commanders of the Al-Qaeda-linked Shebab insurgents, in the latest push of an offensive against the extremist fighters. Witnesses reported that fighter jets also pounded the town of Jilib in southern Somalia’s Middle Juba region on Thursday, part of the offensive...

Saado Ali Warsame’s songs and poems urged unity in a country known for its tumult and division. Between the lines, they also reflected a political activism for change that propelled her to become one of the first women in Somalia’s parliament. Warsame, who for decades was one of the top singing stars in Somalia, bridged the communities of her home country and her adopted...

Five people, including two women in the United States, were charged Wednesday with funneling money to the Al-Qaeda-linked armed group Al-Shabab in Somalia, prosecutors said. Meanwhile, Al-Shabab claimed responsibility for a shooting in the Somali capital of Mogadishu that killed a parliamentarian, who was popular for her social justice advocacy and her former career...

The Obama administration recently announced that the United States will appoint an ambassador to Somalia for the first time in two decades. But the new ambassador will not be posted in Somalia’s capital of Mogadishu — where insecurity prevails. And the Pentagon has also acknowledged deploying a team of military advisers to war-torn Somalia, to assist Somali...

MOGADISHU, Somalia (AP) — Gunmen killed a Somali lawmaker in a drive-by shooting Wednesday in the Somali capital, Mogadishu, a police official said. Saado Ali Warsame, who also was a popular singer of Somali folk music, was shot dead by gunmen who pulled up near her car as she was being driven to a hotel, said Somali police Capt. Mohamed Hussein. The Somali Islamic extremist...

A blind jihadist pictured fighting alongside ISIS militants in Syria has reportedly urged others to join the Islamist militants, saying having a disability is no excuse. Taymullah al-Somali, a Dutch national who is believed to have travelled to the Middle East earlier this year, has been photographed numerous times alongside ISIS militants and is believed to be based in...

Three main Somali telecommunication companies namely Hormud, Somtel and National link have signed cooperation. The three said in a joint released press conference that the cooperation will pave way for easy communication of their customers across the three networks. The three have also agreed to form Somali telecommunication company (STC) to urgently implement and facilitate...

The downing of Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 in Ukraine on Thursday left many travelers wondering about other unsafe conflict zones. U.S. carriers last week said they would no longer fly over eastern Ukraine after Flight 17 was shot down reportedly by pro-Russian separatists. The FAA has since widened its guidance on where U.S. commercial aircraft may fly and has outlined...

Source tells award winning reporter Washington lying about responsibility for tragedy. Award winning former Associated Press reporter Robert Parry has been told by an intelligence source that the United States is in possession of satellite imagery which shows that Ukrainian troops were responsible for the shoot down of Malaysian Airlines Flight 17. In the absence of any...

MOMBASA Kenya (Reuters) – Gunmen killed at least four people and injured several others in the Kenyan port city of Mombasa on Sunday, police said. Witnesses said gunmen went on a shooting rampage on the edge of Kenya’s second-largest city and scattered leaflets saying the attack was retribution for last month’s raid on Mpeketoni, a town about 300 km (186...

Mogadishu (HAN) July 19, 2014. Front-line security update. The Somali Canadian police chief in Somalia General Abdihakim Dahir Saa’ed refuses to hand over to his replacement. According to the record, Canadian public safety minister Vic Toes says the new Somalia police chief General Mohamed is a war criminal. The new Somalia police chief General Mohamed,  appointed...

Mogadishu (AFP) – A prominent militia leader in southern Somalia said a suicide bomber killed six people in an attack on his home on Saturday, pinning the blame on Al-Qaeda-linked Shebab militants. Iftin Hassan Basto, a tribal leader who has fought with the Islamist group in the past, said six people, including a child, were killed and seven injured. “The explosion...

Nairobi (AFP) – Somalia’s Al-Qaeda-linked Shebab on Saturday claimed responsibility for an attack on a bus and police vehicle in Kenya’s restive southeastern coast that killed at least seven people. The group also denied involvement in a separate incident — an alleged suicide bomb attack on a militia leader in Somalia that reportedly killed six...

World Bulletin / News Desk Somali President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud has distanced himself from a U.N. report accusing him of involvement in a conspiracy to divert millions of dollars in stolen and frozen Somali assets overseas. “We have demonstrated our commitment to progressive public financial management in many ways, including appointing the Financial Governance...

FARMERS of miraa which was recently banned in the UK have started recording a drop in value of sales as the local and regional markets suffer from oversupply. Traders of miraa told the Star that farmers are getting less money because of influx of the product in the last major export market, Somalia where prices have dropped sharply. Miraa exporting and marketing agency...

Dar es Salaam (AFP) – A former top UN envoy said Wednesday that Somalia’s Al-Qaeda-linked Shebab rebels will be defeated if foreign governments stay the course in backing the fragile government in Mogadishu. Speaking at Land Forces East Africa, a two-day regional defence conference and military technology exhibition, the former envoy to Somalia played down...

Nairobi (AFP) – Kenya’s opposition leader Raila Odinga has accused the government of failing to safeguard national security in the face of a wave of Islamist attacks and has warned of mounting internal ethnic tensions. He said the east African nation was now in a state of permanent anxiety because of attacks by Somalia’s Al-Qaeda-linked Shebab insurgents,...

(Reuters) – A United Nations panel that monitors compliance with U.N. sanctions on Somalia has accused the country’s president, a former minister, and a U.S. law firm of conspiring to divert Somali assets recovered abroad, according to a new report.     The Somalia and Eritrea Monitoring Group, an 8-person committee, disclosed the findings in a confidential...

Washington (AFP) –  The United States on Monday welcomed a new ambassador from Somalia — the first in over two decades. The State Department said the government of the troubled east African nation had sent Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke. “We are pleased to announce the arrival of Ambassador Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke, the first Somali ambassador to...

A Somali police official says more than 200 suspects have been arrested in a security sweep aimed at stemming a wave of militant attacks in Mogadishu, the capital. Col. Ahmed Ali said Tuesday that the operation was carried out by government troops and African Union peacekeepers. Soldiers manned checkpoints in Mogadishu’s northern outskirts, where they raided the...

Kenya has advised its citizens to avoid transiting through UK’s Heathrow Airport because of “a substantial threat of possible attack” by Al-Qaeda operatives. On Saturday, Foreign Affairs Principal Secretary Karanja Kibicho said the government had received reports of possible terrorist attacks targeting Heathrow. “According to information provided by US officials,...

The UK’s Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) has updated its travel advice on Kenya, warning tourists to avoid coastal and low-income areas due to the increased threat from militant group al-Shabaab. On its website the FCO now advises against all but essential travel to: areas within 60km of the Kenya-Somali border Garissa District the Eastleigh area of Nairobi low...

MOMBASA Kenya (Reuters) – Armed assailants attacked a village on Kenya’s coast, stole guns from police reservists and burnt down a primary school, an official said on Friday, in the latest in a series of raids since mid-June that have killed about 100 people. There were no immediate reports of casualties in the attack on Thursday night in the village of Panda...

Water Security” is herein described as the nexus between the availability, accessibility and use of water. The concept is defined as the ‘availability of, and access to water in sufficient quantity and quality to meet livelihood needs of all households throughout the year, without considering the needs of other users. Water Security is further described herein under ‘Securing Water for Production’. (Valerie Ndaruzaniye, 2011).  While ‘Water Insecurity’ refers to the exact opposite of the mentioned concept that is been the unavailability and inaccessibility of enough water to meet the livelihood need of all households in a period of one yearIn the Horn of Africa, increasing scarcity and degradation of water sources seriously threatens human well-being. The population in the region (Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya and Uganda) has increased fourfold in the past 50 years and continues to grow rapidly (United Nations Population Division, 2010). Farmers need more water to feed more mouths and extended areas are needed for food production, at the expense of forest and pasture lands. With a high and stable number of pastoral communities and decreasing amount of pastureland, pressure on land and water grows. The mounting need for fertile soils and irrigated land is intensified by high international demands for food and energy. Investors from all over the world are ready to invest in commercial farming in Sudan, Kenya, Uganda and Ethiopia. With inadequate soil and water management measures being taken, this growing pressure on natural resources leads to a decrease in the quality and quantity of soils, forests and water resources. (Eric van de Giessen: 2011)To put this region into water security context, according to Earth Trends, Environmental Information/World Resources Institute, Djibouti’s per capita is 460M3; Eritrea’s per capita is 701M3; Ethiopia’s per capita is 1,666M3 and Somalia’s per capita is 628 M3 (IRWR, 2011). According to the Falkenmark Water Stress Indicator, a country or a region is said to experience “water stress” when annual water supplies drop below 1,700 cubic meters per person per year. This means almost all parts of the Horn of Africa region can generally be termed as water stress region or facing water insecurityFigure 1, Map of the Horn of Africa region (Yellow): Source: Google Map 2010It is in this context; this paper will be exploring the water scarcity and stress in the horn of Africa region and how this will increase the vulnerability of the households and farmers as well as the impact it will have on the ability of the locals to utilize their socio-economic potentials. The paper will further attempt to assess the capacity of the existing institutions to manage the task at hand and finally the author referring to his personal knowledge and experience in the area as well as the reflections of the articles reviewed will hopefully suggest possible strategies for all the concerned stakeholders.In this review article, the author will attempt to examine five peer-reviewed articles, some with specific regional details and others more general outlook on water security, and will then try to create a holistic picture on the water situation on the ground as well as the efforts of those in charge in trying to mitigate the challenges of water security and enhance greater socio-economic well being for their people. Here are the articles the author intends to review for this paper: 1:Valerie Ndaruzaniye (2011) Water security in Ethiopia, Risk and vulnerability assessment. 2: Eric van de Giessen (2011) Horn of Africa Environmental Security Assessment-Institute for Environmental Security. 3: Simbarashe Govere et.al (2010) Coping with Water Scarcity in Eastern Africa; the role of intra-regional virtual water trade. 4) Declan Conway, et.al (2008) Rainfall and Water Resources Variability in Sub-Saharan Africa during the Twentieth Century 5) Noah Amin (2007) Water Scarcity In The Horn Of Africa And Its Deadly Consequences.In this part, the discussion will be mainly centered on the major factors that are causing water stress and scarcity in Africa generally and in particular the Horn. Almost all the articles reviewed for this paper mainly agree the major cause of the water stress in the region, but as we will later discover it, there are few country specific challenges with greater regional water security significance to it.In Sub-Saharan Africa, the Eastern African region, particularly the Horn of Africa, is considered highly geographically exposed to climate change and its impact over water. Out of 200 million people living in the Horn of Africa, 70 million are located in areas prone to extreme droughts leading to water insecurity and food shortages. In this Eastern African region, floods and droughts can occur in the same area within a very short period. Such events can exacerbate inadequate water availability in quality and quantity, sufficient enough to sustain agricultural activities and energy production. As a result, this often leads to famine and widespread disruption of socio-economic well being. (Valerie Ndaruzaniye, 2011)