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Isis has claimed responsibility for the Manchester Arena attack, hailing the bomber as a “soldier of the caliphate”. The terrorist group released statements in several languages through its central media body praising the atrocity, claiming more than 100 “crusaders” were killed or wounded at the “shameless” concert. “With Allah’s...

Participants at Thursday’s international conference on Somalia say they will support a plan aimed at enabling the country’s fledgling and poorly-equipped army to defeat al-Shabab militants and take over national security from African Union troops. Troops with the AU Mission in Somalia (AMISOM), consisting of more than 20,000 soldiers from five East African...

Your Excellency, The Right Honourable Theresa May, the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, His Excellency, Antonio Guterres, the Secretary General of the United Nations  His Excellency, Moussa Faki Mahamat, Chairman of the African Union Commission  Heads of States and Governments in attendance,  Representatives of nations and organizations, It is indeed a great honour...

A suicide bomber blew himself up inside a Mogadishu army camp Monday, killing at least three soldiers a day after the army chief escaped an attack on his convoy, military sources said. “The suicide bomber was stopped at the main entrance and he blew himself up. Three soldiers died and several others were wounded,” said soldier Abdukadir Farah, who was inside the camp...

A roadside bomb exploded and killed at least 19 people in a minibus in Somalia’s Lower Shabelle region Thursday evening, a security official said. Six others were injured, regional security official Nur Abdullahi told the Associated Press. The massive bomb buried beside the road struck the vehicle near Golweyn village and largely destroyed it, Abdullahi said. “It’s...

UN secretary general Antonio Guterres delivered a grave warning: $4.4 billion was needed by the end of March to avoid the “catastrophe” of looming famine that could endanger 20 million lives in South Sudan, Nigeria, Yemen, and Somalia. His announcement echoed the words of UN humanitarian chief Stephen O’Brien, who noted earlier in the month that “we are facing...

Al Shabaab fighters have taken over the town of El-Bur in Central Somalia after Ethiopian-AMISOM troops pulled out, according to local residents. Residents say that Al-Shabaab militants took over the town “without firing a single bullet”. It is the first time they have been in full control of the town since 2013 when they were forced out by Ethiopian troops...

Kenyans fighting for Al Shabaab are being killed as tension rises between foreign fighters and their Somalia commanders over suspicion of spying. A large number of Kenyan Al Shabaab fighters have since sneaked back into the country and some of them arrested.  On Monday, 26-year-old Ahmed Yusuf Hassan and Ahmed Nur Abdi Osoble, 20, were executed by Al Shabaab’s firing...

A security operation involving the military and police is pursuing suspected al Shabaab gunmen who hijacked a Kenya Power vehicle headed to Mandera town on Thursday. The two militants wielding pistols stopped the driver and took the car. The control of the car. The KCH 803Q Land Cruiser was stolen at 6.15pm outside the power plant minutes before the start of the dusk-to-dawn...

Kenya has arrested a suspected Islamic State militant on the country’s “most wanted” list who allegedly helped send recruits to Libya and Somalia, police said on Thursday. Police seized Ali Hussein Ali, who is nicknamed “Trusted One”, and two accomplices in the coastal town of Malindi on Monday. In a statement, the police said Ali had helped...

A car bomb believed to be detonated by a suicide bomber went off near a popular restaurant and hotel in Mogadishu on Friday killing one person and wounding five others, according to local witnesses. The blast occurred on a busy street outside Central Hotel and Banooda restaurant. The explosion happened within walking distance to the presidential palace. There is no official...

A  suicide bomb attack in the Somali capital on Tuesday killed 10 people and wounded another 20. According to police, a minibus carrying a suicide bomber was detonated at a checkpoint between the National Theatre and the Women House. Although there was no claim of responsibility, it is widely believed that the militant insurgency group Al-Shabaab is behind the attack. The...

Somali Prime Minister Hassan Ali Khaire has named his cabinet ministers on Tuesday, weeks after being nominated as the countries Prime Minister. The cabinet is made up 26 ministers,1 deputy minister and includes 6 women. 19 Federal MP’s have been appointed as Ministers. Mahdi Ahmed Guled Khadar has been named the Deputy PM and former BBC Journalist and Somali Ambassador...

NAIROBI — Kenyan Presidency Spokesman has said President Uhuru Kenyatta’s visit to a Kenya Defence Forces’ camp in Somalia was “normal”, despite murmurs of displeasure from Mogadishu. At a Press conference on Sunday, Kenyan Presidency Spokesperson Manoah Esipisu denied there was a diplomatic spat with Somalia after the President reportedly...

Somali’s from around the world descended on Church House Conference Centre in London on Wednesday to honour achievements in sport, business, education, innovation, and entertainment within the Somali community. Organizers pledged 100% of the proceeds from the black tie event be donated to assist in relief efforts for the ongoing drought in Somalia. Farah Gabdon began...

WASHINGTON – Somali officials say pirates have hijacked an oil tanker in the Indian Ocean and guided it to the coast of Puntland region. Sources tell VOA’s Somali service that the ship is believed to be a merchant tanker flying the flag of the United Arab Emirates. Regional officials say they are still assessing the circumstances of the hijack, which took place...

At least three people were killed and three others were injured in a suicide car bomb blast in the Somali capital of Mogadishu on Monday, officials and eye witnesses said. A minibus laden with explosives went off near a military training camp in Wadajir district, said a security official who declined to be identified. “The suicide bomber and two civilians were killed...

United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has landed in Somalia on what he calls an emergency visit to focus on famine. The U.N. chief announced his Tuesday morning arrival in the Horn of Africa nation on Twitter, saying that “people are dying. The world must act now to stop this.” Somalia is part of a massive $4 billion aid appeal launched last month...

After a lengthy electoral process, Somalia got a new president last month, former prime minister Mohamed Abdullahi  Mohamed. Incumbent President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud conceded defeat in the Feb. 8 election when he failed to get the plurality of votes needed to win the second round of voting. This was only the second smooth transfer of power since Somalia’s first direct...

At least 6.2 million people in Somalia — or just about half the country — are grappling with the prospect of an acute food shortage due to deepening drought. And on Saturday, Somalia’s prime minister made it clear that the conditions are exacting a stark human cost. Over a two-day span, at least 110 people died of hunger in just a single region, Hassan Ali Khaire...

Water Security” is herein described as the nexus between the availability, accessibility and use of water. The concept is defined as the ‘availability of, and access to water in sufficient quantity and quality to meet livelihood needs of all households throughout the year, without considering the needs of other users. Water Security is further described herein under ‘Securing Water for Production’. (Valerie Ndaruzaniye, 2011).  While ‘Water Insecurity’ refers to the exact opposite of the mentioned concept that is been the unavailability and inaccessibility of enough water to meet the livelihood need of all households in a period of one yearIn the Horn of Africa, increasing scarcity and degradation of water sources seriously threatens human well-being. The population in the region (Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya and Uganda) has increased fourfold in the past 50 years and continues to grow rapidly (United Nations Population Division, 2010). Farmers need more water to feed more mouths and extended areas are needed for food production, at the expense of forest and pasture lands. With a high and stable number of pastoral communities and decreasing amount of pastureland, pressure on land and water grows. The mounting need for fertile soils and irrigated land is intensified by high international demands for food and energy. Investors from all over the world are ready to invest in commercial farming in Sudan, Kenya, Uganda and Ethiopia. With inadequate soil and water management measures being taken, this growing pressure on natural resources leads to a decrease in the quality and quantity of soils, forests and water resources. (Eric van de Giessen: 2011)To put this region into water security context, according to Earth Trends, Environmental Information/World Resources Institute, Djibouti’s per capita is 460M3; Eritrea’s per capita is 701M3; Ethiopia’s per capita is 1,666M3 and Somalia’s per capita is 628 M3 (IRWR, 2011). According to the Falkenmark Water Stress Indicator, a country or a region is said to experience “water stress” when annual water supplies drop below 1,700 cubic meters per person per year. This means almost all parts of the Horn of Africa region can generally be termed as water stress region or facing water insecurityFigure 1, Map of the Horn of Africa region (Yellow): Source: Google Map 2010It is in this context; this paper will be exploring the water scarcity and stress in the horn of Africa region and how this will increase the vulnerability of the households and farmers as well as the impact it will have on the ability of the locals to utilize their socio-economic potentials. The paper will further attempt to assess the capacity of the existing institutions to manage the task at hand and finally the author referring to his personal knowledge and experience in the area as well as the reflections of the articles reviewed will hopefully suggest possible strategies for all the concerned stakeholders.In this review article, the author will attempt to examine five peer-reviewed articles, some with specific regional details and others more general outlook on water security, and will then try to create a holistic picture on the water situation on the ground as well as the efforts of those in charge in trying to mitigate the challenges of water security and enhance greater socio-economic well being for their people. Here are the articles the author intends to review for this paper: 1:Valerie Ndaruzaniye (2011) Water security in Ethiopia, Risk and vulnerability assessment. 2: Eric van de Giessen (2011) Horn of Africa Environmental Security Assessment-Institute for Environmental Security. 3: Simbarashe Govere et.al (2010) Coping with Water Scarcity in Eastern Africa; the role of intra-regional virtual water trade. 4) Declan Conway, et.al (2008) Rainfall and Water Resources Variability in Sub-Saharan Africa during the Twentieth Century 5) Noah Amin (2007) Water Scarcity In The Horn Of Africa And Its Deadly Consequences.In this part, the discussion will be mainly centered on the major factors that are causing water stress and scarcity in Africa generally and in particular the Horn. Almost all the articles reviewed for this paper mainly agree the major cause of the water stress in the region, but as we will later discover it, there are few country specific challenges with greater regional water security significance to it.In Sub-Saharan Africa, the Eastern African region, particularly the Horn of Africa, is considered highly geographically exposed to climate change and its impact over water. Out of 200 million people living in the Horn of Africa, 70 million are located in areas prone to extreme droughts leading to water insecurity and food shortages. In this Eastern African region, floods and droughts can occur in the same area within a very short period. Such events can exacerbate inadequate water availability in quality and quantity, sufficient enough to sustain agricultural activities and energy production. As a result, this often leads to famine and widespread disruption of socio-economic well being. (Valerie Ndaruzaniye, 2011)