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MOGADISHU (Reuters) – Al Shabaab militants attacked an African Union (AU) base in southern Somalia early on Tuesday, the Islamist group and residents said, and said they had killed dozens of soldiers. The al Qaeda-aligned militants said one of their fighters rammed a car bomb into the base and then gunmen poured inside the facility run by the AU peacekeeping mission...

The United States expressed concern Monday that Sudan’s President Omar al-Bashir plans to visit China, despite his International Criminal Court indictment for alleged war crimes in Darfur. The Sudanese foreign ministry said Sunday that Bashir would travel to meet his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping and attend September 3 celebrations marking Japan’s defeat in...

A court in the United States has jailed a Kenyan for 15 years for conspiring to provide money and recruits to three terrorist organisations. According to a statement by the Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI), Mohamed Hussain Said aged 27, pleaded guilty to the charge. Mr Said admitted that he conspired to support the Al-Shabaab in Somalia, Al-Qaeda in Iraq, and...

The El Niño phenomenon is looming over the Horn of Africa including Somalia, with heavy rainfall anticipated to start as early as mid-September. El Niño is characterized by prolonged warming of the Pacific Ocean surface, leading to heavier rainfall in most parts of the Greater Horn of Africa and elsewhere, while also leading to less rainfall in some areas. The UN Food...

Thousands expected to attend the first international book fair in the Somali capital in more than two decades.  The Somali capital, Mogadishu, is hosting an international book fair, the first such event in the city in more than two decades. Authors, playwrights, poets, artists and musician have travelled from across the world to attend the three-day event that also featured...

Somali police officials have launched an investigation into the brutal death of a Minneapolis-born boarding school student following mounting pressure from U.S. authorities. In an e-mail to the young man’s family, Sen. Amy Klobuchar’s office said that authorities in Puntland, a region of northern Somalia, had begun a probe into the death of 17-year-old Ammar Abdihamid...

MOGADISHU (Reuters) – Islamist al Shabaab militants killed at least seven people including a regional official and local police commander in an attack on a government convoy in southern Somalia on Wednesday, officials and the group said. Al Shabaab attacked the convoy between Garbaharey and Baladhawo towns in the Gedo region, near the Kenyan border. The al Qaeda-allied...

Somali Defense Minister Gen Abdikadir Ali Diini has promised that the country’s troops integration and army building will continue even after Al-Shabaab’s deadly suicide attack on army training camp in Kismayo on Saturday killing at least 10 soldiers. In a statement released by the minister, he said terrorists will not be able to derail the country’s...

Three Ugandan soldiers have been charged over the killing last month of a group of civilians in Somalia, an African Union (AU) official has said. Maman Sidikou, the head of the AU in Somalia, apologised to the families of the seven people killed in the attack. The AU had previously denied that the incident took place. According to the campaign group Human Rights Watch,...

MOGADISHU —A suicide car bomber has targeted a military training camp in southern port city of Kismayo Saturday, killing at least 14 soldiers and wounded many others, officials said. The bomber, a former Al-Shabab defector who was integrated into local Jubbaland forces has driven the car laden with explosives into the Kismayo University where Kenyan military commanders...

NAIROBI (HOL) —-Kenya’s security forces have arrested the wife of the Somali prime minister after police found bullets in her luggage at Jomo Kenyatta international airport over the weekend, officials and local media said Tuesday. Mrs. Asha Yasin Hassan was travelling to the United States to attend an international conference when she was stopped by security agents...

Rome (AFP) – Italy warned Monday that Libya risked turning into “another Somalia” as it signed a joint statement with the US and several European allies condemning “barbaric” acts carried out by the Islamic State group there. Foreign Minister Paolo Gentiloni said if peace talks did not succeed in ending the country’s civil war within...

NEW GLOUCESTER, Maine — Six-foot stalks of corn crowd a small rise at Intervale Farm, a 19th-century spread of rolling fields that lead to the Royal River. It’s a picture of vintage Maine, but there’s something new: farmers clad in swirling, vibrant, dazzling colors rather than grass-stained denim and John Deere caps. The men and women working the soil are refugees...

Reuters: – Dozens of suspected Somali al Shabaab fighters swept into a Kenyan village and lectured locals for at least two hours before disappearing into a nearby forest without attacking anyone, police and residents said on Sunday. The al Qaeda-linked al Shabaab has made a series of deadly raids in Kenya since Kenyan troops first entered Somalia to fight them in...

A former Islamist warlord won re-election on Saturday as president of Somalia’s southern region of Jubbaland, a territory partly controlled by al Shabaab militants and at odds with the central government of the Horn of Africa country. Ahmed Madobe was elected for four more years by members of the regional parliament, which has defied a government decision in June...

MOGADISHU—Somali lawmakers have a filed a motion to parliament to dismiss President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, accusing him of abuse of office, one of the authors of the motion said. “We want to present a motion against the Somali president for betraying the nation, corruption and many other reasons,” Mohamed Abdullahi Fadhaye told Reuters, without elaborating. Parliamentary...

RICHMOND, Va. (AP) — Five Somali pirates must spend life in prison for waging a mistaken and dramatically unsuccessful attack on a U.S. Navy ship, a federal appeals court ruled Thursday. A three-judge panel of the 4th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals unanimously ruled that a judge erred when he sentenced the defendants to terms ranging from 30 to 42½ years. The court returned...

Somalia, the country with the highest prevalence of female genital mutilation in the world, has given its strongest signal yet that it will outlaw the brutal practice. At a recent conference in Mogadishu, Sahra Mohammed Ali Samatar, the minister for women’s affairs, indicated that the country was moving towards an FGM ban. “Time has come for us to eradicate this bad...

At least six Somalis have been confirmed dead among them a traditional leader and four others have been injured after Ethiopian troops stationed at Halgan village, Hiraan region in Central Somalia indiscriminately opened fire on a car where a group of mourners were travelling in. Its reported that five passengers died on the spot while the other one succumbed to his injuries...

(Bloomberg) — Searching for oil off the coast of one of the world’s most dangerous and corrupt countries was always going to be difficult for Soma Oil and Gas Ltd. Now its work in Somalia is being scrutinized by the U.K.’s Serious Fraud Office. On July 31, the SFO raided Soma’s London office as part of its investigation into almost $500,000 worth of payments...

Kenyan-born Al-Shabaab member has been seen in a new propaganda video released by Al-Shabaab on Saturday. In the video, Ahmed Iman calls Muslims in the East African countries, including Kenya to leave their native countries and join into the Jihad war in Somalia. “In Islam, there is Ibada called Hijra [migration]. I call all East African Muslims to migrate to Somalia...

The Federal Government of Somalia and regional governors have on Saturday signed new agreement which paves the way for the formation of the new state for the two regions of Hiiraan and Middle Shabelle. According to a statement released by the ministry of the interior, the 12-point agreement allows the formation of the new state with the consultation of the locals and clan...

Mogadishu — More than 100 Somali refugees from Kenya flew into the Somali capital Mogadishu on Wednesday, marking a new chapter in the voluntary return process. Earlier in the day, two planes, carrying 116 people, took off from Dadaab camp in Northeastern Kenya. Dadaab is the largest refugee settlement in the world and hosts about 333,000 Somali refugees. The voluntary...

Somalia’s Puntland region needs more help from the central government and the African Union to fight al Shabaab militants, especially equipment and ammunition, the president of the semi-autonomous region has said. Al Shabaab, which controlled Mogadishu and southern Somalia until it was driven out of the capital in 2011, has been pushed out of major strongholds by...

Nairobi (AFP) – An oil company chaired by a former leader of Britain’s ruling Conservative party is being investigated for alleged corruption in Somalia, claims the company slammed as “defamatory”. Soma Oil and Gas, a private company chaired by Lord Michael Howard, on Monday denied paying more than half a billion dollars to government officials...

Mogadishu, 3 August 2015 – The United Nations, Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD), the European Union (EU), African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM), the United States of America and the United Kingdom welcome the commitments made at the High-Level Partnership Forum (HLPF) in Mogadishu. Thirty-two delegations attended this landmark event, making it the...

MOGADISHU (Reuters) – Somalia has abandoned the idea of holding a popular vote for its planned 2016 elections, the presidency said on Wednesday. In its last elections, in 2012, members of parliament were chosen by elders and then those lawmakers chose Hassan Sheikh Mohamud as president. It was Somalia’s first vote since 1991, when warlords ousted president...

The United Nations envoy to Somalia has criticized an announcement by the country’s president that general elections will not be held in 2016. The statement by the U.N. came amid accusations by opposition parties in Somalia that President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud was exploiting the country’s poor security situation to remain in power. “Any term extension...

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Water Security” is herein described as the nexus between the availability, accessibility and use of water. The concept is defined as the ‘availability of, and access to water in sufficient quantity and quality to meet livelihood needs of all households throughout the year, without considering the needs of other users. Water Security is further described herein under ‘Securing Water for Production’. (Valerie Ndaruzaniye, 2011).  While ‘Water Insecurity’ refers to the exact opposite of the mentioned concept that is been the unavailability and inaccessibility of enough water to meet the livelihood need of all households in a period of one yearIn the Horn of Africa, increasing scarcity and degradation of water sources seriously threatens human well-being. The population in the region (Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya and Uganda) has increased fourfold in the past 50 years and continues to grow rapidly (United Nations Population Division, 2010). Farmers need more water to feed more mouths and extended areas are needed for food production, at the expense of forest and pasture lands. With a high and stable number of pastoral communities and decreasing amount of pastureland, pressure on land and water grows. The mounting need for fertile soils and irrigated land is intensified by high international demands for food and energy. Investors from all over the world are ready to invest in commercial farming in Sudan, Kenya, Uganda and Ethiopia. With inadequate soil and water management measures being taken, this growing pressure on natural resources leads to a decrease in the quality and quantity of soils, forests and water resources. (Eric van de Giessen: 2011)To put this region into water security context, according to Earth Trends, Environmental Information/World Resources Institute, Djibouti’s per capita is 460M3; Eritrea’s per capita is 701M3; Ethiopia’s per capita is 1,666M3 and Somalia’s per capita is 628 M3 (IRWR, 2011). According to the Falkenmark Water Stress Indicator, a country or a region is said to experience “water stress” when annual water supplies drop below 1,700 cubic meters per person per year. This means almost all parts of the Horn of Africa region can generally be termed as water stress region or facing water insecurityFigure 1, Map of the Horn of Africa region (Yellow): Source: Google Map 2010It is in this context; this paper will be exploring the water scarcity and stress in the horn of Africa region and how this will increase the vulnerability of the households and farmers as well as the impact it will have on the ability of the locals to utilize their socio-economic potentials. The paper will further attempt to assess the capacity of the existing institutions to manage the task at hand and finally the author referring to his personal knowledge and experience in the area as well as the reflections of the articles reviewed will hopefully suggest possible strategies for all the concerned stakeholders.In this review article, the author will attempt to examine five peer-reviewed articles, some with specific regional details and others more general outlook on water security, and will then try to create a holistic picture on the water situation on the ground as well as the efforts of those in charge in trying to mitigate the challenges of water security and enhance greater socio-economic well being for their people. Here are the articles the author intends to review for this paper: 1:Valerie Ndaruzaniye (2011) Water security in Ethiopia, Risk and vulnerability assessment. 2: Eric van de Giessen (2011) Horn of Africa Environmental Security Assessment-Institute for Environmental Security. 3: Simbarashe Govere et.al (2010) Coping with Water Scarcity in Eastern Africa; the role of intra-regional virtual water trade. 4) Declan Conway, et.al (2008) Rainfall and Water Resources Variability in Sub-Saharan Africa during the Twentieth Century 5) Noah Amin (2007) Water Scarcity In The Horn Of Africa And Its Deadly Consequences.In this part, the discussion will be mainly centered on the major factors that are causing water stress and scarcity in Africa generally and in particular the Horn. Almost all the articles reviewed for this paper mainly agree the major cause of the water stress in the region, but as we will later discover it, there are few country specific challenges with greater regional water security significance to it.In Sub-Saharan Africa, the Eastern African region, particularly the Horn of Africa, is considered highly geographically exposed to climate change and its impact over water. Out of 200 million people living in the Horn of Africa, 70 million are located in areas prone to extreme droughts leading to water insecurity and food shortages. In this Eastern African region, floods and droughts can occur in the same area within a very short period. Such events can exacerbate inadequate water availability in quality and quantity, sufficient enough to sustain agricultural activities and energy production. As a result, this often leads to famine and widespread disruption of socio-economic well being. (Valerie Ndaruzaniye, 2011)