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Hiiraan | Hiiraan Net | Wararka somalia | Somali news | Warar, Quraan iyo Tafsiir.

Hiiraan | Hiiraan Net | Wararka somalia | Somali news | Warar, Quraan iyo Tafsiir.

Seven people have been killed in an attack on a hotel popular with government officials in the Somali capital, Mogadishu. The African Union mission to Somalia, AMISOM, confirmed to Al Jazeera that there had been an explosion followed by gunfire at the Makka al-Mukarama hotel on Friday. An AMISOM spokesman said al-Shabab fighters got out of a car that then exploded. The...

Somalia’s federal government has interfered with the on-going diplomatic row between the Swedish government and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The row between the two countries emerged after Swedish Foreign Minister Margot Wallstrom criticized the record of human rights in the Kingdom. A statement from the Somalia’s foreign ministry released on Tuesday evening, stated...

Nairobi (AFP) – A Chinese restaurant in the Kenyan capital Nairobi has been shut down and its owners summoned by authorities after it emerged it was barring black patrons, reports said Wednesday. The restaurant fell into the spotlight of city authorities after furious residents took to social media to denounce an apparently racist policy of not allowing African patrons...

Minneapolis;- Startribune;– Spirited voices of protest rang out in downtown Minneapolis Sunday as an Ethiopian government leader prepared to address thousands of local supporters about the economic transformation of his country’s Somali region. Attendees making their way into Minneapolis Marriott City Center to listen to Abdi Mohamed Omar were greeted with boisterous...

Washington (AFP) – The United States has temporarily shuttered its embassy in Djibouti to the public to review security due to “ongoing threats,” US officials said Wednesday. The embassy in the Horn of Africa nation will be closed from Thursday, and will reopen for regular business on Sunday. “We regularly get information and we decided to close...

An al Shabaab leader thought to be a mastermind of the Nairobi shopping mall attack was killed in a US drone strike last week, the Pentagon says. Adnan Garaar was targeted while in a car near the town of Dinsoor, 150 miles west of the Somalian capital Mogadishu, on 12 March. Residents said the car contained three al Shabaab members and the vehicle was completely destroyed. Confirming...

Kenya’s parliament majority leader Aden Dualle said he was ready to send elders and religious leaders to talk to the group in Somalia. “We tell our Al-Shabaab brothers whatever you demand in Somalia is yours, but leave us alone in Kenya,” Dualle told BBC Somali. He made these remarks only one day after Al-Shabaab killed three police officers in the northeastern...

VOA sources in Somalia are reporting that an apparent U.S. drone strike has killed a top official of the militant group al-Shabab. Somali officials and individuals close to al-Shabab told VOA’s Somali Service the drone attacked a vehicle late Thursday outside the southwestern town of Bardhere. According to sources in the region, the targeted car belongs to Adan Garaar,...

MOGADISHU, Somalia (AP) — Suspected Islamic militants attacked the headquarters of Somalia’s South Western State government in Baidoa, killing at least four government soldiers and two civilians, a Somali official said Thursday. Three of the gunmen were also killed in the morning attack, said local administration official Ahmed Mohammed. “They were running...

CALGARY HERALD : –A Calgary imam facing outstanding sexual assault charges in the United States says the allegations against him are a “character assassination” and he plans to fight to clear his name. Imam Abdi Hersy, 46, is wanted in connection to sexual assault allegations that surfaced in 2006 when he worked as a respiratory therapist at Woodwinds Health...

Nairobi (AFP) – Eclipsed by newer, more bloodthirsty and media-savvy global jihadists, Somalia’s Shebab militants are struggling to stay relevant. On Saturday the two most rapidly ascendant militant Islamist groups joined forces, in words at least, as Nigeria’s Boko Haram declared its allegiance to the Islamic State (IS) in Iraq and Syria. The rise of...

WASHINGTON (AP) — The Supreme Court has rejected an appeal from a former top official in Somalia who was ordered to pay $21 million to Somali victims of human-rights abuses. The justices did not comment Monday in letting stand lower court rulings against Mohamed Ali Samantar, who now lives in the Virginia suburbs of Washington. He had previously been a top official in...

NAIROBI (Reuters) – The United States has withdrawn a $3 million bounty linked to the capture of a high-level member of Somalia’s al Shabaab Islamist group who had since defected, a U.S. official said on Monday. The Somali government welcomed the move and thanked Washington for supporting its efforts to persuade senior figures to quit the al Qaeda-linked organisation,...

A Somali couple, who came to Saint John as refugees about a year ago, is still anxiously waiting to be reunited with four of their nine children. Abdiwahab Elmi, his wife, FadumaMaalin, and five of their children escaped from Somalia, a state rife with violence and human suffering, with the help of a federal program that assists United Nations refugees. But it could...

The new terminal at the Aden Adde International Airport in Mogadishu, Somalia, stands tall, sticking out as the symbol of a new bold and emerging nation. The terminal is significant in many ways. One, it’s a symbol of the desire of the Somali to pick up the pieces and reconstruct a country that has for decades been ravaged by war. Two, it represents one of the most serious...

Nairobi, The Guardian;–Analysis: amid plans for Israeli-style ‘separation barrier’ against both militants and immigrants, Simon Allison questions how effective a Great Wall can be Kenya is going to build a wall. Not just any wall, but a “separation barrier”, to employ the euphemism coined by Israel to describe the towering, snaking structure that now separates...

(Reuters) – A former Washington-area taxi driver who was on the FBI’s “Most Wanted Terrorists” list has been detained and is in the custody of the Somali government, a U.S. government source said on Monday. The FBI in said in January it added Somali-born U.S. citizen Liban Haji Mohamed, 29, to its watch list because he allegedly provided support...

Startribune; – Mohamed Farah has testified before Congress, conferred with the State Department and met with the secretary of Homeland Security. Two weeks ago, he was among a select group invited to the White House for President Obama’s counterterrorism summit. But despite security clearances from the FBI and the U.S. Secret Service, the Somali youth leader from...

WASHINGTON; Startribune:  – It’s been exceedingly hard lately for Somali-Americans to wire cash back to families in their homeland after the main California-based bank that facilitated the bulk of the business halted Somalia transfers Feb. 7. The bank stopped doing business in Somalia after the Treasury Department issued a cease-and-desist order last year because...

Bossaso, Somalia – Ankles deep in brown canal water, freshly plucked green weeds in both muddy hands, Abdi Muse Kalon cannot stop grinning. He says life here has given him a second chance – a better chance. Risking his life, Kalon walked for more than four months from Ethiopia to get to Bossaso, a port city nestled next to the Red Sea in Somalia’s northeast. Kalon...

Mogadishu: The guardian;– A mother is justifying her son’s divorce, absolving him from all blame. “These girls of 2014 are wasteful youths,” she says, talking on the phone and shaking her head. “The one my son Weheliye was married to, all that one knew of cooking was cornflakes. I told him: ‘Divorce this one, she’s garbage!’ Now you should see how he’s...

Nairobi (AFP) – Four Thai fishermen held hostage by Somali pirates for nearly four years have been released, local officials said Friday.  “We collected the four Thailand men from a remote area,” said Omar Sheikh Ali, an official in Somalia’s central Galmudug administration. The four fishermen were among 24 crew members seized in April 2010 when...

Mukhtar Ibrahim · Bloomington, Minn;- A group of Somali Minnesotans gathered at the Mall of America Tuesday afternoon to show that they will not be intimidated by the terrorist group al-Shabab. By going to the mall and having lunch there, the group of 10 Somalis and two others aimed to show people the mall is safe, said Abdirahman Mukhtar, a community engagement and...

Regulations intended to block money from getting into the hands of terrorist groups has led the last bank that handles most money transfers from the United States to Somalia to pull out of the business. Somali refugees in the U.S. say their families back home need the money they send each month to survive, and they’re counting on lawmakers and Obama administration...

President Barack Obama has nominated a career diplomat to be the first U.S. ambassador to Somalia in nearly 25 years, filling a post that has been vacant since the Horn of Africa country collapsed into chaos in 1991, forcing the closure of the American embassy. Obama on Tuesday tapped Foreign Service veteran Katherine Simonds Dhanani for the job, which will be based in...

A video purportedly released by Somalia-based terror group al-Shabab calls for attacks on the Mall of America and other shopping centers in Canada and England. The nearly 77-minute video, released online, focused mostly on the conflict between Kenya and Somalia and the deadly attack in 2013 at the Westgate shopping mall in Nairobi, Kenya. Al-Shabab has claimed responsibility...

MOGADISHU (HOL )—Attacks, bombings and assassinations have been an issue of mystery for Somalis, and very few could imagine beyond the Al-Qaeda linked Al-Shabab group, however, Djibouti’s president believes that foreign-funded conspiracy are to blame for attacks killing the country’s top leaders. Mr. Ismael Guelleh accuses foreigners of playing a game...

Birmingham (United Kingdom) (AFP) – Britain’s double world and Olympic champion Mo Farah set a new indoor world record over two miles at the Birmingham Indoor Grand Prix on Saturday. The 31-year-old crossed the line in eight minutes 3.40 seconds to eclipse Kenenisa Bekele’s mark of 8min 04.35sec, which the Ethiopian great set at the same meeting seven...

Water Security” is herein described as the nexus between the availability, accessibility and use of water. The concept is defined as the ‘availability of, and access to water in sufficient quantity and quality to meet livelihood needs of all households throughout the year, without considering the needs of other users. Water Security is further described herein under ‘Securing Water for Production’. (Valerie Ndaruzaniye, 2011).  While ‘Water Insecurity’ refers to the exact opposite of the mentioned concept that is been the unavailability and inaccessibility of enough water to meet the livelihood need of all households in a period of one yearIn the Horn of Africa, increasing scarcity and degradation of water sources seriously threatens human well-being. The population in the region (Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya and Uganda) has increased fourfold in the past 50 years and continues to grow rapidly (United Nations Population Division, 2010). Farmers need more water to feed more mouths and extended areas are needed for food production, at the expense of forest and pasture lands. With a high and stable number of pastoral communities and decreasing amount of pastureland, pressure on land and water grows. The mounting need for fertile soils and irrigated land is intensified by high international demands for food and energy. Investors from all over the world are ready to invest in commercial farming in Sudan, Kenya, Uganda and Ethiopia. With inadequate soil and water management measures being taken, this growing pressure on natural resources leads to a decrease in the quality and quantity of soils, forests and water resources. (Eric van de Giessen: 2011)To put this region into water security context, according to Earth Trends, Environmental Information/World Resources Institute, Djibouti’s per capita is 460M3; Eritrea’s per capita is 701M3; Ethiopia’s per capita is 1,666M3 and Somalia’s per capita is 628 M3 (IRWR, 2011). According to the Falkenmark Water Stress Indicator, a country or a region is said to experience “water stress” when annual water supplies drop below 1,700 cubic meters per person per year. This means almost all parts of the Horn of Africa region can generally be termed as water stress region or facing water insecurityFigure 1, Map of the Horn of Africa region (Yellow): Source: Google Map 2010It is in this context; this paper will be exploring the water scarcity and stress in the horn of Africa region and how this will increase the vulnerability of the households and farmers as well as the impact it will have on the ability of the locals to utilize their socio-economic potentials. The paper will further attempt to assess the capacity of the existing institutions to manage the task at hand and finally the author referring to his personal knowledge and experience in the area as well as the reflections of the articles reviewed will hopefully suggest possible strategies for all the concerned stakeholders.In this review article, the author will attempt to examine five peer-reviewed articles, some with specific regional details and others more general outlook on water security, and will then try to create a holistic picture on the water situation on the ground as well as the efforts of those in charge in trying to mitigate the challenges of water security and enhance greater socio-economic well being for their people. Here are the articles the author intends to review for this paper: 1:Valerie Ndaruzaniye (2011) Water security in Ethiopia, Risk and vulnerability assessment. 2: Eric van de Giessen (2011) Horn of Africa Environmental Security Assessment-Institute for Environmental Security. 3: Simbarashe Govere et.al (2010) Coping with Water Scarcity in Eastern Africa; the role of intra-regional virtual water trade. 4) Declan Conway, et.al (2008) Rainfall and Water Resources Variability in Sub-Saharan Africa during the Twentieth Century 5) Noah Amin (2007) Water Scarcity In The Horn Of Africa And Its Deadly Consequences.In this part, the discussion will be mainly centered on the major factors that are causing water stress and scarcity in Africa generally and in particular the Horn. Almost all the articles reviewed for this paper mainly agree the major cause of the water stress in the region, but as we will later discover it, there are few country specific challenges with greater regional water security significance to it.In Sub-Saharan Africa, the Eastern African region, particularly the Horn of Africa, is considered highly geographically exposed to climate change and its impact over water. Out of 200 million people living in the Horn of Africa, 70 million are located in areas prone to extreme droughts leading to water insecurity and food shortages. In this Eastern African region, floods and droughts can occur in the same area within a very short period. Such events can exacerbate inadequate water availability in quality and quantity, sufficient enough to sustain agricultural activities and energy production. As a result, this often leads to famine and widespread disruption of socio-economic well being. (Valerie Ndaruzaniye, 2011)