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Hiiraan | Hiiraan Net | Wararka somalia | Somali news | Warar, Quraan iyo Tafsiir.

Hiiraan | Hiiraan Net | Wararka somalia | Somali news | Warar, Quraan iyo Tafsiir.

MOGADISHU, Somalia (AP) — Gunmen killed a Somali lawmaker in a drive-by shooting Wednesday in the Somali capital, Mogadishu, a police official said. Saado Ali Warsame, who also was a popular singer of Somali folk music, was shot dead by gunmen who pulled up near her car as she was being driven to a hotel, said Somali police Capt. Mohamed Hussein. The Somali Islamic extremist...

A blind jihadist pictured fighting alongside ISIS militants in Syria has reportedly urged others to join the Islamist militants, saying having a disability is no excuse. Taymullah al-Somali, a Dutch national who is believed to have travelled to the Middle East earlier this year, has been photographed numerous times alongside ISIS militants and is believed to be based in...

Three main Somali telecommunication companies namely Hormud, Somtel and National link have signed cooperation. The three said in a joint released press conference that the cooperation will pave way for easy communication of their customers across the three networks. The three have also agreed to form Somali telecommunication company (STC) to urgently implement and facilitate...

The downing of Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 in Ukraine on Thursday left many travelers wondering about other unsafe conflict zones. U.S. carriers last week said they would no longer fly over eastern Ukraine after Flight 17 was shot down reportedly by pro-Russian separatists. The FAA has since widened its guidance on where U.S. commercial aircraft may fly and has outlined...

Source tells award winning reporter Washington lying about responsibility for tragedy. Award winning former Associated Press reporter Robert Parry has been told by an intelligence source that the United States is in possession of satellite imagery which shows that Ukrainian troops were responsible for the shoot down of Malaysian Airlines Flight 17. In the absence of any...

MOMBASA Kenya (Reuters) – Gunmen killed at least four people and injured several others in the Kenyan port city of Mombasa on Sunday, police said. Witnesses said gunmen went on a shooting rampage on the edge of Kenya’s second-largest city and scattered leaflets saying the attack was retribution for last month’s raid on Mpeketoni, a town about 300 km (186...

Mogadishu (HAN) July 19, 2014. Front-line security update. The Somali Canadian police chief in Somalia General Abdihakim Dahir Saa’ed refuses to hand over to his replacement. According to the record, Canadian public safety minister Vic Toes says the new Somalia police chief General Mohamed is a war criminal. The new Somalia police chief General Mohamed,  appointed...

Mogadishu (AFP) – A prominent militia leader in southern Somalia said a suicide bomber killed six people in an attack on his home on Saturday, pinning the blame on Al-Qaeda-linked Shebab militants. Iftin Hassan Basto, a tribal leader who has fought with the Islamist group in the past, said six people, including a child, were killed and seven injured. “The explosion...

Nairobi (AFP) – Somalia’s Al-Qaeda-linked Shebab on Saturday claimed responsibility for an attack on a bus and police vehicle in Kenya’s restive southeastern coast that killed at least seven people. The group also denied involvement in a separate incident — an alleged suicide bomb attack on a militia leader in Somalia that reportedly killed six...

World Bulletin / News Desk Somali President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud has distanced himself from a U.N. report accusing him of involvement in a conspiracy to divert millions of dollars in stolen and frozen Somali assets overseas. “We have demonstrated our commitment to progressive public financial management in many ways, including appointing the Financial Governance...

FARMERS of miraa which was recently banned in the UK have started recording a drop in value of sales as the local and regional markets suffer from oversupply. Traders of miraa told the Star that farmers are getting less money because of influx of the product in the last major export market, Somalia where prices have dropped sharply. Miraa exporting and marketing agency...

Dar es Salaam (AFP) – A former top UN envoy said Wednesday that Somalia’s Al-Qaeda-linked Shebab rebels will be defeated if foreign governments stay the course in backing the fragile government in Mogadishu. Speaking at Land Forces East Africa, a two-day regional defence conference and military technology exhibition, the former envoy to Somalia played down...

Nairobi (AFP) – Kenya’s opposition leader Raila Odinga has accused the government of failing to safeguard national security in the face of a wave of Islamist attacks and has warned of mounting internal ethnic tensions. He said the east African nation was now in a state of permanent anxiety because of attacks by Somalia’s Al-Qaeda-linked Shebab insurgents,...

(Reuters) – A United Nations panel that monitors compliance with U.N. sanctions on Somalia has accused the country’s president, a former minister, and a U.S. law firm of conspiring to divert Somali assets recovered abroad, according to a new report.     The Somalia and Eritrea Monitoring Group, an 8-person committee, disclosed the findings in a confidential...

Washington (AFP) –  The United States on Monday welcomed a new ambassador from Somalia — the first in over two decades. The State Department said the government of the troubled east African nation had sent Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke. “We are pleased to announce the arrival of Ambassador Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke, the first Somali ambassador to...

A Somali police official says more than 200 suspects have been arrested in a security sweep aimed at stemming a wave of militant attacks in Mogadishu, the capital. Col. Ahmed Ali said Tuesday that the operation was carried out by government troops and African Union peacekeepers. Soldiers manned checkpoints in Mogadishu’s northern outskirts, where they raided the...

Kenya has advised its citizens to avoid transiting through UK’s Heathrow Airport because of “a substantial threat of possible attack” by Al-Qaeda operatives. On Saturday, Foreign Affairs Principal Secretary Karanja Kibicho said the government had received reports of possible terrorist attacks targeting Heathrow. “According to information provided by US officials,...

The UK’s Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) has updated its travel advice on Kenya, warning tourists to avoid coastal and low-income areas due to the increased threat from militant group al-Shabaab. On its website the FCO now advises against all but essential travel to: areas within 60km of the Kenya-Somali border Garissa District the Eastleigh area of Nairobi low...

MOMBASA Kenya (Reuters) – Armed assailants attacked a village on Kenya’s coast, stole guns from police reservists and burnt down a primary school, an official said on Friday, in the latest in a series of raids since mid-June that have killed about 100 people. There were no immediate reports of casualties in the attack on Thursday night in the village of Panda...

Building roads and harbours in Somalia is a better way of tackling piracy than deploying warships, a study says. Local elites and communities protect pirates because they lack an income, says the study by two UK universities. The EU, US and China have all sent ships to the waters off Somalia in order to keep shipping lanes safe. This has led to a decline in attacks off...

MOGADISHU, Somalia (AP) — Somalia’s government fired the police and intelligence chiefs a day after Islamic militants attacked the heavily guarded presidential palace in the capital, Mogadishu, the information minister announced Wednesday. Government troops and African Union peacekeepers repelled the attack and no government official was hurt, Mustafa Dhuhulow...

MOGADISHU, Somalia (AP) — Somali troops retook the presidential palace in the capital of Mogadishu after militants forced their way in and exchanged heavy gunfire with troops and guards Tuesday, the latest attack underscoring the threat posed by Islamic extremist group al-Shabab in east Africa. Smoke billowed from inside the heavily-fortified presidential compound, and...

(Reuters) – Al Qaeda-linked al Shabaab militants pushed into Somalia’s presidential palace and gunfire broke out on Tuesday, an al Shabaab spokesman and a palace official said. “The militants have partly entered the presidential palace compound. There is periodic gunfire now,” an official in the presidential palace who asked not to be named told...

NAIROBI (Reuters) – Kenya’s opposition leaders demanded on Monday the country withdraw troops from Somalia after a spate of bloody attacks by militants at home, but dropped a demand for talks with the government. Before the opposition rally began, police fired tear gas at protesters who chanted slogans against President Uhuru Kenyatta and clambered over statues...

War-torn Somalia is sliding back into an acute hunger crisis with parts of the capital facing emergency levels just short of famine, the United Nations warns. “Somalia’s food security crisis is expected to worsen over the next several months following poor performance of the major rainy season, shrinking humanitarian assistance and access, increasing malnutrition,...

NAIROBI, Kenya (AP) — Thirteen people have been killed in overnight attacks by gunmen in two counties on the Kenyan coast, where last month al-Qaida-linked militants claimed responsibility for killing 65 people, the Kenya Red Cross said Sunday. The Sunday attacks took place in the towns of Hindi in Lamu county and Gamba in Tana River, the Kenya Red Cross chief Abbas...

On 31st March, Kenya Police arrested thousands of Somalis through swoops in Nairobi especially the Somali pre-dominantly inhabited estate of Eastleigh. Hundreds were deported to Somalia, some were returned to the refugee camps in Kenya while still hundreds are being held in Nairobi especially at Safaricom Kasarani Sports Grounds. The UNHCR spokesperson for the Branch Office...

A suicide car bomb has killed at least four people near Somalia’s parliament, police and Somali media say. Reports say the bomb went off outside the main gate of parliament after guards shot at the bomber. One report quoted al-Shabab militants praising the “sacrificial attack”. An attack by the rebels on the building in May left at least 10 people dead. The...

Water Security” is herein described as the nexus between the availability, accessibility and use of water. The concept is defined as the ‘availability of, and access to water in sufficient quantity and quality to meet livelihood needs of all households throughout the year, without considering the needs of other users. Water Security is further described herein under ‘Securing Water for Production’. (Valerie Ndaruzaniye, 2011).  While ‘Water Insecurity’ refers to the exact opposite of the mentioned concept that is been the unavailability and inaccessibility of enough water to meet the livelihood need of all households in a period of one yearIn the Horn of Africa, increasing scarcity and degradation of water sources seriously threatens human well-being. The population in the region (Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya and Uganda) has increased fourfold in the past 50 years and continues to grow rapidly (United Nations Population Division, 2010). Farmers need more water to feed more mouths and extended areas are needed for food production, at the expense of forest and pasture lands. With a high and stable number of pastoral communities and decreasing amount of pastureland, pressure on land and water grows. The mounting need for fertile soils and irrigated land is intensified by high international demands for food and energy. Investors from all over the world are ready to invest in commercial farming in Sudan, Kenya, Uganda and Ethiopia. With inadequate soil and water management measures being taken, this growing pressure on natural resources leads to a decrease in the quality and quantity of soils, forests and water resources. (Eric van de Giessen: 2011)To put this region into water security context, according to Earth Trends, Environmental Information/World Resources Institute, Djibouti’s per capita is 460M3; Eritrea’s per capita is 701M3; Ethiopia’s per capita is 1,666M3 and Somalia’s per capita is 628 M3 (IRWR, 2011). According to the Falkenmark Water Stress Indicator, a country or a region is said to experience “water stress” when annual water supplies drop below 1,700 cubic meters per person per year. This means almost all parts of the Horn of Africa region can generally be termed as water stress region or facing water insecurityFigure 1, Map of the Horn of Africa region (Yellow): Source: Google Map 2010It is in this context; this paper will be exploring the water scarcity and stress in the horn of Africa region and how this will increase the vulnerability of the households and farmers as well as the impact it will have on the ability of the locals to utilize their socio-economic potentials. The paper will further attempt to assess the capacity of the existing institutions to manage the task at hand and finally the author referring to his personal knowledge and experience in the area as well as the reflections of the articles reviewed will hopefully suggest possible strategies for all the concerned stakeholders.In this review article, the author will attempt to examine five peer-reviewed articles, some with specific regional details and others more general outlook on water security, and will then try to create a holistic picture on the water situation on the ground as well as the efforts of those in charge in trying to mitigate the challenges of water security and enhance greater socio-economic well being for their people. Here are the articles the author intends to review for this paper: 1:Valerie Ndaruzaniye (2011) Water security in Ethiopia, Risk and vulnerability assessment. 2: Eric van de Giessen (2011) Horn of Africa Environmental Security Assessment-Institute for Environmental Security. 3: Simbarashe Govere et.al (2010) Coping with Water Scarcity in Eastern Africa; the role of intra-regional virtual water trade. 4) Declan Conway, et.al (2008) Rainfall and Water Resources Variability in Sub-Saharan Africa during the Twentieth Century 5) Noah Amin (2007) Water Scarcity In The Horn Of Africa And Its Deadly Consequences.In this part, the discussion will be mainly centered on the major factors that are causing water stress and scarcity in Africa generally and in particular the Horn. Almost all the articles reviewed for this paper mainly agree the major cause of the water stress in the region, but as we will later discover it, there are few country specific challenges with greater regional water security significance to it.In Sub-Saharan Africa, the Eastern African region, particularly the Horn of Africa, is considered highly geographically exposed to climate change and its impact over water. Out of 200 million people living in the Horn of Africa, 70 million are located in areas prone to extreme droughts leading to water insecurity and food shortages. In this Eastern African region, floods and droughts can occur in the same area within a very short period. Such events can exacerbate inadequate water availability in quality and quantity, sufficient enough to sustain agricultural activities and energy production. As a result, this often leads to famine and widespread disruption of socio-economic well being. (Valerie Ndaruzaniye, 2011)