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MOGADISHU- The Governor of Hiiraan Yussuf Ahmed Hagar Dabageed has been accused of diversion of aid which was intended to be distributed to residents of Hiiraan region. The head of Bulo-burde humanitarian coordinator, Adan Mohumed Hambe said the governor was responsible for the diversion of aid which was due to be distributed to the locals. “It is unfortunate that...

Prime Minister Theresa May has pledged to increase Britain’s support for Somalia in the fight against militant group Al-Shabaab. In her maiden speech to the General Assembly in New York, Mrs May said that Britain had played a “leading role” in the fight against the militants. She said the UK would send more troops to train local forces to fight militants,...

Five cargo planes destined for Mogadishu, Somalia, are stuck in Nairobi with miraa (khat) worth Sh60 million following the cancellation of flights to Somalia. Nyambene Miraa Traders Association spokesman Kimathi Munjuri, however, said other flights carrying the stimulant destined for Somaliland had left the country. On Monday, Somali minister for civil aviation Ali Ahmed...

A businessman escaped with injuries when a bomb planted in his car went off along Maka al-Mukarama road in Mogadishu’s central business district, police said Monday. A police officer at the scene Yahye Abdi told Xinhua the car had been rigged with explosive devices and went off when the businessman tried to start the car. An eye witness told Xinhua there was a huge...

Kenya and the United States have beefed up security in East Africa to confront a terrorist network linked to the Islamic State (IS). This follows credible intelligence that the IS has gained a foothold in Kenya and is planning attacks. A top suspect in the plan is former Al-Shabaab recruiter and spokesman Abdiqadir Mumin, who now heads a group of IS-linked individuals...

Hundreds of people marched through the central Somali town of Beledweyne to protest over a joint proposal by the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) and Somali government to form an interregional state for Hiiraan and Middle Shabelle regions. Elders have subsequently pushed back last ditch effort to select t the proposed state’s congress before the presidential...

A suicide car bomber detonated explosives-packed truck outside a hotel near the hilltop presidential palace in the Somali capital, killing at least 15 people and injured 30 others, police said. The massive bombing targeted SYL hotel during a meeting by government officials, destroying the compound’s outer wall and left a trail of destruction across the state house which...

The Rio Olympics ended with a spectacular carnival-inspired closing ceremony, and the official handover to 2020 hosts Tokyo. The colourful ceremony, lasting almost three hours, celebrated Brazil’s arts and was held in a wet Maracana. Among the highlights were Tokyo’s impressive showcase and a vibrant carnival parade. “These were a marvellous Olympics,...

UPDATED: A child has died in an explosion at an apartment block in Gothenburg suburb Biskopsgården during the early hours of Monday morning. Emergency services were called to the building at around 03:00 when a large explosion was heard from its third floor. Several people were inside at the time, and a child who had suffered serious injuries later died in hospital. “The...

Mogadishu. Twenty five days after landing on the battlefield, Uganda lost its first soldier to al-Shabaab fire. It was March 31, 2007. The day started like any other, with the enemy attacking at will. At 10am, there was blood on the floor. As the terrorists carried on their usual shelling, Lance Corporal Wilber Muhwezi Rwegira suddenly found himself in the line of fire....

Mogadishu (AMISOM) – Nine Uganda People’s Defence Force (UPDF) soldiers serving under the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) have been sentenced to prison for misconduct. The soldiers were found guilty of pursuing personal interest and endangering operational efficiency of the UPDF, contrary to section 124 of the UPDF Act. The nine were part of a group of soldiers...

NEW YORK — Hours after 1,000 mourners attended the funeral for a Queens imam and his assistant, police announced Monday evening that they had charged a man with murder in the bold daylight killings of the two men.Police said that they have arrested Oscar Morel, 35, and charged him with second-degree murder and criminal possession of a weapon. He had been taken into custody...

Worldwide coverage of the Rio Olympics’ opening ceremony was dominated by the countries with the biggest teams and those with the most glamorous uniforms.In contrast to the 554 men and women from the U.S. team, the largest group in Rio, Somalia’s team of two athletes was the second smallest at the games, but Somalis at home and around the world are following...

At least 13 people, seven of them al-shabaab militants, have been killed after an attack on a security facility in Somalia, Somali secyrity minister Abdirisak Omar Mohamed said. Suspected militants from the Islamist group al-Shabaab carried out the attack on the Criminal Investigations Department (CID) in the capital Mogadishu, police said . The gunmen attempted to force...

Fighters from Somalia’s armed group al-Shabab have attacked an army base southwest of the capital, Mogadishu, killing at least 10 soldiers, the group and a military officer told the Reuters news agency. The attackers exploded a car packed with explosives before storming the Lanta Buro base in Lower Shabelle region, some 50km outside Mogadishu, on Monday morning. “Heavy...

MOGADISHU, SOMALIA—The 30-year-old sitting in the home of Somalia’s Minister of Internal Security is a wanted man. There is a U.S. warrant for his arrest and a $50,000 reward for information leading to his capture and conviction. Liban Haji Mohamed is charged with providing material support and resources to Al Shabab, Al Qaeda’s East Africa branch. If he went home...

MOGADISHU (HOL) – The World Food Programme (WFP) has today denied claims of distributing expired relief food to Somali nationals. This comes a day after Somali authorities seized allegedly expired foodstuff at Mogadishu’s Aden Adde Airport. The consignment was reportedly on transit to drought hit districts of  Bardere and Garbahaarey in Gedo Region. The head...

SOMALIA — Ethiopian forces have foiled planned Al-shabaab attack on its base in Hiran, Somalia yesterday morning leaving 248 Al-Shabaab militants dead including 5 top commanders. Al-shabaab militants were 400 in number and attacked the Ethiopian base with car bombs and from four different positions. According to Ethiopian colonel Aynom Mesfin, Al-Shabaab launched the...

Mogadishu: The African Union AMISOM force fighting in Somalia said on Thursday its troops repelled an attack on one of its bases by the al Shabaab Islamist group and killed 110 militants. “AMISOM forces killed 110 al Shabaab and captured a large cache of weapons,” AMISOM spokesman Lieutenant Colonel Joe Kibet told Reuters by telephone, adding that a claim...

A suicide car bomber crashed his vehicle into a gate outside a hotel frequented by lawmakers in the centre of the Somali capital Mogadishu on Wednesday and the attack was followed by gunfire, killing at least 10 people, police said. Al Qaeda-affiliated al Shabaab militants quickly claimed responsibility for the attack at the Hotel Ambassador and one police offcer said...

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Water Security” is herein described as the nexus between the availability, accessibility and use of water. The concept is defined as the ‘availability of, and access to water in sufficient quantity and quality to meet livelihood needs of all households throughout the year, without considering the needs of other users. Water Security is further described herein under ‘Securing Water for Production’. (Valerie Ndaruzaniye, 2011).  While ‘Water Insecurity’ refers to the exact opposite of the mentioned concept that is been the unavailability and inaccessibility of enough water to meet the livelihood need of all households in a period of one yearIn the Horn of Africa, increasing scarcity and degradation of water sources seriously threatens human well-being. The population in the region (Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya and Uganda) has increased fourfold in the past 50 years and continues to grow rapidly (United Nations Population Division, 2010). Farmers need more water to feed more mouths and extended areas are needed for food production, at the expense of forest and pasture lands. With a high and stable number of pastoral communities and decreasing amount of pastureland, pressure on land and water grows. The mounting need for fertile soils and irrigated land is intensified by high international demands for food and energy. Investors from all over the world are ready to invest in commercial farming in Sudan, Kenya, Uganda and Ethiopia. With inadequate soil and water management measures being taken, this growing pressure on natural resources leads to a decrease in the quality and quantity of soils, forests and water resources. (Eric van de Giessen: 2011)To put this region into water security context, according to Earth Trends, Environmental Information/World Resources Institute, Djibouti’s per capita is 460M3; Eritrea’s per capita is 701M3; Ethiopia’s per capita is 1,666M3 and Somalia’s per capita is 628 M3 (IRWR, 2011). According to the Falkenmark Water Stress Indicator, a country or a region is said to experience “water stress” when annual water supplies drop below 1,700 cubic meters per person per year. This means almost all parts of the Horn of Africa region can generally be termed as water stress region or facing water insecurityFigure 1, Map of the Horn of Africa region (Yellow): Source: Google Map 2010It is in this context; this paper will be exploring the water scarcity and stress in the horn of Africa region and how this will increase the vulnerability of the households and farmers as well as the impact it will have on the ability of the locals to utilize their socio-economic potentials. The paper will further attempt to assess the capacity of the existing institutions to manage the task at hand and finally the author referring to his personal knowledge and experience in the area as well as the reflections of the articles reviewed will hopefully suggest possible strategies for all the concerned stakeholders.In this review article, the author will attempt to examine five peer-reviewed articles, some with specific regional details and others more general outlook on water security, and will then try to create a holistic picture on the water situation on the ground as well as the efforts of those in charge in trying to mitigate the challenges of water security and enhance greater socio-economic well being for their people. Here are the articles the author intends to review for this paper: 1:Valerie Ndaruzaniye (2011) Water security in Ethiopia, Risk and vulnerability assessment. 2: Eric van de Giessen (2011) Horn of Africa Environmental Security Assessment-Institute for Environmental Security. 3: Simbarashe Govere et.al (2010) Coping with Water Scarcity in Eastern Africa; the role of intra-regional virtual water trade. 4) Declan Conway, et.al (2008) Rainfall and Water Resources Variability in Sub-Saharan Africa during the Twentieth Century 5) Noah Amin (2007) Water Scarcity In The Horn Of Africa And Its Deadly Consequences.In this part, the discussion will be mainly centered on the major factors that are causing water stress and scarcity in Africa generally and in particular the Horn. Almost all the articles reviewed for this paper mainly agree the major cause of the water stress in the region, but as we will later discover it, there are few country specific challenges with greater regional water security significance to it.In Sub-Saharan Africa, the Eastern African region, particularly the Horn of Africa, is considered highly geographically exposed to climate change and its impact over water. Out of 200 million people living in the Horn of Africa, 70 million are located in areas prone to extreme droughts leading to water insecurity and food shortages. In this Eastern African region, floods and droughts can occur in the same area within a very short period. Such events can exacerbate inadequate water availability in quality and quantity, sufficient enough to sustain agricultural activities and energy production. As a result, this often leads to famine and widespread disruption of socio-economic well being. (Valerie Ndaruzaniye, 2011)