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Hiiraan | Hiiraan Net | Wararka somalia | Somali news | Warar, Quraan iyo Tafsiir.

Hiiraan | Hiiraan Net | Wararka somalia | Somali news | Warar, Quraan iyo Tafsiir.

U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon made his second trip to Somalia’s capital on Wednesday, walking around the seaside airport complex in a dark business suit. Ban’s fashion choices are not typically newsworthy but are significant in Mogadishu: On his trip in 2011, he wore a U.N.-branded bullet-proof vest. The fact that his security advisers did not insist on...

Mogadishu (AFP) – UN chief Ban Ki-moon met the president of Somalia, President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, under heavy security Wednesday in Mogadishu, his first visit to the dangerous capital of the war-torn nation in almost three years. Ban, along with World Bank chief Jim Yong Kim, met Mohamud inside the fortified airport zone, guarded by troops from the 22,000-strong...

AMISOM head Maman Sidikou said that Al-Shabaab militants now only control Jamaame, Jilib, Buale and Sakow in Middle Juba Region, Diinsor in Bay region and Bardere in Gedo region. Eight militants-held towns have fallen into the hands of Somali forces and African peacekeepers since the start of a major security operation against the Al-Shabaab group in September, the African...

Addis Ababa (AFP) – International donors pledged $8 billion in development aid Monday for projects across eight countries in the Horn of Africa, UN chief Ban Ki-moon announced at the start of a visit to the region. The aid, from organisations including the World Bank, African Development Bank (AfDB), European Union and Islamic Development Bank (IDB), will support...

MOGADISHU (Reuters) – Somalia’s president has instructed his cabinet to ignore a cabinet reshuffle by the prime minister, highlighting a possible rift at a time when Somalia is looking to build confidence in its government and reassure donors. Somali President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud said in a statement on Saturday that the prime minister, Abdiweli Sheikh Ahmed,...

United Nations, Oct 25 (IANS) A Chinese envoy to the UN Friday urged a new Security Council resolution on Somalia be implemented fully and “to the letter”. The UN Security Council Friday adopted a resolution authorising member states to inspect vessels suspected of carrying charcoal from Somalia, a measure aimed at tightening a charcoal export ban and cutting...

NAIROBI/UNITED NATIONS (Reuters) – Somalia said it was reviewing several oil and gas deals that U.N. investigators say lack transparency and risk hindering development of the country’s energy industry. Energy firms are cautiously eyeing Somalia’s long coastline, an untapped frontier on the east African seaboard that has become an exploration hot spot...

UNITED NATIONS (Reuters) – The United Nations Security Council authorized the inspection of boats suspected of carrying illegal shipments of charcoal or weapons to and from Somalia on Friday, though Russia and Jordan abstained from the vote over concerns about the move. The resolution, adopted by the 15-member council with 13 votes in favor, approves the use of “all...

The East African Energy Forum (EAEF), a Somali lobby group, has today condemned the Kenyan government of what it is calling “the slow elaborate annexation of Somali offshore territory.” Kenya has spent much of the past decade drumming up a non-existent offshore border dispute in the hopes of capturing approximately 120,000 square kilometers of what is thought to be...

MOGADISHU (Reuters) – The Somali government’s grand vision for Mogadishu port under its new Turkish managers sees modern container ships replacing wooden dhows, new cranes easing the back-breaking work of porters and a surge in state revenue as traffic rises. Outsourcing port operations to Turkey’s Albayrak Group is one more sign of Somalia’s slow...

The UPDF Special Forces Commander Brig. Muhoozi Kainerugaba has commended the Ugandan and Somali troops for their recent decisive operation against the Al-Shabaab terrorist organization. The operation code named ‘Indian Ocean’ succeeded in driving the terrorists out of their last strongholds in central Somalia. Brig. Muhoozi said this last week while visiting...

Mogadishu — The continuing controversies and questions surrounding the formation of Somalia’s Central State highlight the pitfalls of state-building and the need to fast track the creation of a Boundaries and Federation Commission, political analysts and stakeholders say. The approval in July of the formation of the Central State, a successor to the Galmudug regional...

A court in Somalia has ordered the seizure of a radio station owner’s UK passport after he was accused of threatening national security. Somalia-based Radio Shabelle owner Abdi Malik, who was arrested in August, appeared in court handcuffed. The judge freed him on bail on condition he surrendered his passport to the government. He denies accusations that his radio...

LONDON (Reuters) – Somalia aims to produce oil within six years, Petroleum Minister Daud Mohamed Omar said on Monday, as he announced plans to reassert control over a sector which has foundered since the outbreak of civil war in 1991. Hopes that the impoverished East African nation could emulate neighbouring Kenya by discovering and bringing to market offshore resources...

(Reuters) – Somalia’s president said on Friday that nobody close to him had been involved in the unauthorised diversion of government weapons to Islamist militants and denied that a man U.N investigators linked to the arms trade had advised him. President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud was responding to a report from the United Nations‘ Somalia-Eritrea Monitoring...

Bloomberg:- Key financiers of Islamist militants in Somalia are operating with impunity in Gulf states, undermining efforts to end an insurgency in the Horn of Africa country, a United Nations monitoring group said. Traders in the United Arab Emirates, Oman, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia are fueling the illegal trade in charcoal from Somalia that was banned by the Security Council...

MOGADISHU (Reuters) – At least five people were killed and several wounded when a car bomb planted by Islamist militant group al Shabaab exploded near restaurants on a busy street in the Somali capital on Wednesday. Al Shabaab, which wants to topple the government it says is a puppet of Western powers, has frequently launched bomb and gun attacks in Mogadishu and...

Addis Ababa (AFP) – Somali Islamist insurgents are plotting to attack an upmarket area of Ethiopia’s capital Addis Ababa, the US embassy has warned, in a notice to citizens to avoid crowded areas. The exact target is not known but the embassy said the “potential imminent terrorist attack” threatened the busy Bole district, which includes the capital’s...

FREETOWN, Sierra Leone (AP) — A Sierra Leone soldier has tested positive for Ebola but he is not a member of and had no contact with a battalion of peacekeepers waiting to deploy to Somalia, a government spokesman said Tuesday. The case underscores the precautions being taken to minimize the spread of the dreaded, fatal disease, and the risks inherent in the movement...

A popular Somali band has been forced to seek asylum in the Netherlands after Kenya revoked its refugee status, its lead singer has told the BBC. Falis Abdi Mohamud said Kenyan officials seized her refugee card and that of four other band members when they flew out of Nairobi last month. The band – famous for singing against Islamic extremism – was due to return...

(Reuters) – U.N. investigators have accused an advisor to Somalia’s president of involvement in the unauthorised diversion of Somali government weapons to Islamist militants with ties to al Qaeda, according to a confidential new report seen by Reuters. The accusation by the Somalia-Eritrea Monitoring Group, an eight-member panel of independent experts that...

Nairobi (AFP) – War-torn Somalia’s government remains riddled with corruption while Shebab Islamists are as deadly as ever, United Nations investigators warned in a damming report seen by AFP Monday. The report also documents that weapons sent to the national army and supposed to be used to defend the country’s internationally-backed government have instead...

MOGADISHU — China on Sunday officially reopened its embassy in Somalia and accredited a new ambassador to the horn of Africa country recovering from years of conflict. China, like other nations, closed its embassy and relocated its staff after the breakout of civil war in Somalia back in 1991 when the country descended into a chaos and lawlessness that lasted during...

MOGADISHU: Somali President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud said on Monday that a car bomb which killed at least 13 people the day before was an act of “desperation” by Shebab insurgents. The attack took place on Sunday evening on a busy road leading to the government district, outside a popular cafe. “It shows the desperation of Al-Shebab because they are only...

African countries should at the next heads of state summit review their membership in the State Parties to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC), Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni has said. In a scathing attack on the ICC, President Museveni criticised the court for issuing summons against Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta, in disregard of an African...

BARAWE Somalia (Reuters) – Military strikes that drove al Shabaab rebels from a strategic Somali port this week and killed their leader last month have dealt the group a hefty blow, but it is far too soon to declare victory say Somalis, Western diplomats and military commanders. Youths celebrated the routing of al Shabaab from Barawe by playing street soccer for...

THE HAGUE (Reuters) – Kenya’s president became the first sitting leader to appear at the International Criminal Court on Wednesday as supporters gathered outside, calling for his crimes against humanity trial to be scrapped. President Uhuru Kenyatta was summoned to the Hague-based tribunal to answer questions about his indictment on charges of orchestrating...

Startribune;- Somali leaders in Minneapolis will ask the City Council this week to consider adding a Somali community to its list of sister cities — a move that would be a first for any American city. The proposal, which has support from a long list of Somali business, cultural and community groups, along with local elected officials, calls for Minneapolis to partner...

Water Security” is herein described as the nexus between the availability, accessibility and use of water. The concept is defined as the ‘availability of, and access to water in sufficient quantity and quality to meet livelihood needs of all households throughout the year, without considering the needs of other users. Water Security is further described herein under ‘Securing Water for Production’. (Valerie Ndaruzaniye, 2011).  While ‘Water Insecurity’ refers to the exact opposite of the mentioned concept that is been the unavailability and inaccessibility of enough water to meet the livelihood need of all households in a period of one yearIn the Horn of Africa, increasing scarcity and degradation of water sources seriously threatens human well-being. The population in the region (Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya and Uganda) has increased fourfold in the past 50 years and continues to grow rapidly (United Nations Population Division, 2010). Farmers need more water to feed more mouths and extended areas are needed for food production, at the expense of forest and pasture lands. With a high and stable number of pastoral communities and decreasing amount of pastureland, pressure on land and water grows. The mounting need for fertile soils and irrigated land is intensified by high international demands for food and energy. Investors from all over the world are ready to invest in commercial farming in Sudan, Kenya, Uganda and Ethiopia. With inadequate soil and water management measures being taken, this growing pressure on natural resources leads to a decrease in the quality and quantity of soils, forests and water resources. (Eric van de Giessen: 2011)To put this region into water security context, according to Earth Trends, Environmental Information/World Resources Institute, Djibouti’s per capita is 460M3; Eritrea’s per capita is 701M3; Ethiopia’s per capita is 1,666M3 and Somalia’s per capita is 628 M3 (IRWR, 2011). According to the Falkenmark Water Stress Indicator, a country or a region is said to experience “water stress” when annual water supplies drop below 1,700 cubic meters per person per year. This means almost all parts of the Horn of Africa region can generally be termed as water stress region or facing water insecurityFigure 1, Map of the Horn of Africa region (Yellow): Source: Google Map 2010It is in this context; this paper will be exploring the water scarcity and stress in the horn of Africa region and how this will increase the vulnerability of the households and farmers as well as the impact it will have on the ability of the locals to utilize their socio-economic potentials. The paper will further attempt to assess the capacity of the existing institutions to manage the task at hand and finally the author referring to his personal knowledge and experience in the area as well as the reflections of the articles reviewed will hopefully suggest possible strategies for all the concerned stakeholders.In this review article, the author will attempt to examine five peer-reviewed articles, some with specific regional details and others more general outlook on water security, and will then try to create a holistic picture on the water situation on the ground as well as the efforts of those in charge in trying to mitigate the challenges of water security and enhance greater socio-economic well being for their people. Here are the articles the author intends to review for this paper: 1:Valerie Ndaruzaniye (2011) Water security in Ethiopia, Risk and vulnerability assessment. 2: Eric van de Giessen (2011) Horn of Africa Environmental Security Assessment-Institute for Environmental Security. 3: Simbarashe Govere et.al (2010) Coping with Water Scarcity in Eastern Africa; the role of intra-regional virtual water trade. 4) Declan Conway, et.al (2008) Rainfall and Water Resources Variability in Sub-Saharan Africa during the Twentieth Century 5) Noah Amin (2007) Water Scarcity In The Horn Of Africa And Its Deadly Consequences.In this part, the discussion will be mainly centered on the major factors that are causing water stress and scarcity in Africa generally and in particular the Horn. Almost all the articles reviewed for this paper mainly agree the major cause of the water stress in the region, but as we will later discover it, there are few country specific challenges with greater regional water security significance to it.In Sub-Saharan Africa, the Eastern African region, particularly the Horn of Africa, is considered highly geographically exposed to climate change and its impact over water. Out of 200 million people living in the Horn of Africa, 70 million are located in areas prone to extreme droughts leading to water insecurity and food shortages. In this Eastern African region, floods and droughts can occur in the same area within a very short period. Such events can exacerbate inadequate water availability in quality and quantity, sufficient enough to sustain agricultural activities and energy production. As a result, this often leads to famine and widespread disruption of socio-economic well being. (Valerie Ndaruzaniye, 2011)