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Mogadishu, 3 August 2015 – The United Nations, Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD), the European Union (EU), African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM), the United States of America and the United Kingdom welcome the commitments made at the High-Level Partnership Forum (HLPF) in Mogadishu. Thirty-two delegations attended this landmark event, making it the...

MOGADISHU (Reuters) – Somalia has abandoned the idea of holding a popular vote for its planned 2016 elections, the presidency said on Wednesday. In its last elections, in 2012, members of parliament were chosen by elders and then those lawmakers chose Hassan Sheikh Mohamud as president. It was Somalia’s first vote since 1991, when warlords ousted president...

The United Nations envoy to Somalia has criticized an announcement by the country’s president that general elections will not be held in 2016. The statement by the U.N. came amid accusations by opposition parties in Somalia that President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud was exploiting the country’s poor security situation to remain in power. “Any term extension...

Mogadishu (AFP) – Somalia’s president on Monday gave a defiant warning to Shebab insurgents a day after they killed at least 13 people in a bomb attack on a hotel that houses several diplomatic missions. The suicide vehicle attack, the latest in a string of bomb blasts and killings in the war-torn Horn of Africa nation, came as US President Barack Obama left...

MOGADISHU (Reuters) – The Somali militant Islamist group al Shabaab attacked a Mogadishu hotel on Sunday, driving a car packed with explosives through the hotel gate and killing at least 13 people, a first responder and the rebel group said. A Reuters witness said blood and pieces of flesh were spattered around the site of the blast targeting the Jazeera hotel. Nearby...

Somali forces backed by African Union troops have retaken one of the last remaining strongholds of Islamist militant group al-Shabab. Kenyan and Somali government soldiers entered south-western Bardere town, which has been under al-Shabab control since 2008, backed by heavy weapons and air support, residents told the BBC. A Somali army commander told the BBC troops took...

Scientists in the UK say they have found fragments of one of the world’s oldest surviving Quran parchments. Radiocarbon analysis dated the manuscript of the Muslim holy book close to the time of the Prophet Muhammad. Researchers at the University of Birmingham said Wednesday that new scientific testing had revealed the leaves of text were written at least 1,370 years...

Mogadishu (AFP) – African Union troops said Sunday they had launched a new offensive against Al-Qaeda-affiliated Shebab rebels in southern Somalia, vowing to flush the insurgents out of rural areas. The African Union Mission in Somalia, or AMISOM, said “Operation Jubba Corridor” was launched on Friday in the Bay and Gedo regions south of the capital Mogadishu...

KAMPALA, Uganda (AP) — Uganda will send attack and transport helicopters to bolster its forces fighting the al-Qaida-linked al-Shabab insurgency in Somalia, an army spokesman said Sunday. Lt. Col. Paddy Ankunda said the helicopters would help evacuate the injured, improve communication and carry out operations against the militants. “Our lines of communication...

The UK’s decision to ban Khat a year ago surprised many in the country who had not heard of the drug – let alone were aware that there was a campaign to stop its use. However, for those familiar with the cultures of the Horn of Africa and the Arabian Peninsula, and in particular Somalia and Yemen, the leafy plant Khat acts as a stimulant, commonly chewed by...

Nairobi (AFP) – The United States has warned its citizens in Kenya ahead of visit by President Barack Obama of the risk of terrorist attacks, singling out a conference that Obama is due to address. The US president is scheduled to give a speech to the Global Entrepreneurship Summit (GES) in Nairobi, which opens on July 24. “As with all large public events,...

The Somali government has submitted its dispute with Kenya over their sea border to the International Court of Justice. The disputed ocean territory stretches for more than 100,000 sq km. Tests have shown potential reserves of gas in the area. The dispute has been going on for the last six years, keeping investors away because of a lack of legal clarity over who owns potential...

Militant group Al-Shabaab says it was behind attacks on two hotels in Somalia’s capital Mogadishu, which have killed at least six civilians, Reuters reports. One of the hotels, the Siyad, where fighting continued into the night, is near the presidential palace, raising questions about the government’s ability to protect itself against the Qaeda-affiliated group. “Three...

Two hotels have been attacked in the Somali capital Mogadishu, followed by a sustained exchange of gunfire. A police officer said four people had been killed. The BBC’s Moalimu Mohammed, in the city, says the two hotels were busy with people breaking their Ramadan fast when they were attacked at 18:10 local time (15:10 GMT). Islamist militant group al-Shabab has...

Nairobi (AFP) – Two Kenyan policemen have been freed after over two years being held hostage in Somalia by Shebab militants, Kenya’s police chief said. The police constables, Joseph Wambugu and Fredrick Chirchir, were kidnapped in an attack in May 2013 in Kenya’s northeastern Garissa district, when four other officers were killed. The pair were taken...

Heads of intelligence and security services from the East African Community (EAC) and IGAD member states are due to meet in Kampala next week to review their fight against Al Shabaab. The meeting due to take place between July 14 and 15 July will discuss ways and means of enhancing security cooperation and degrade the capabilities in the fight against Al Shabaab. The review...

Former Saudi Foreign Minister Prince Saud al-Faisal has died, Saudi sources said, two months after he was replaced following 40 years in the job. Prince Saud, who was appointed in 1975, was the world’s longest serving foreign minister when he was replaced on April 29 by Adel al-Jubeir, the then ambassador to Washington. Prince Saud served under four Saudi kings,...

The recent Galmudug presidential election has been a major breakthrough for the central government which is attempting to implement a federalism system across Somalia. Overcoming the challenges of the State Formation process has been a major test for the Federal government which in effect has completed the process now with the holding of a transparent election in which...

NAIROBI, Kenya (AP) — At least 14 people were killed in an attack early Tuesday in the country’s north by al-Shabab, Islamic extremist rebels from neighboring Somalia, a Kenyan official said. Eleven people were wounded in the attack in Soko Mbuzi village in Mandera County near Kenya’s border with Somalia, said Mandera County Commissioner Alex Nkoyo. The attackers...

Three Al Shabaab militants were killed in fierce fighting after the Al Qaeda-allied insurgents launched an attack on a government military base in Jala-laksi district of Hiran region in central Somalia. Jala-laksi deputy administrator Mahamod Fidow told journalists on Monday that Somali military officers repulsed the attack by heavily armed Al-Shabaab fighters on their...

The United States and Germany are prepared to engineer a coup in Greece to keep the country operating as a strategic asset on NATO’s vulnerable southeast European flank. “A putsch in Athens to save allied Greece from enemy Russia is in preparation by the US and Germany, with backing from the non-taxpayers of Greece – the Greek oligarchs, Anglo-Greek shipowners, and...

Mogadishu, July 6 (IANS) Three Al Shabaab militants were killed in fierce fighting after the Al Qaeda-allied insurgents launched an attack on a government military base in Jala-laksi district of Hiran region in central Somalia. Jala-laksi deputy administrator Mahamod Fidow told journalists on Monday that Somali military officers repulsed the attack by heavily armed Al-Shabaab...

ADAADO (HOL) —-Somalia’s former interior minister has been elected as the president of the new Galmudug administration after three rounds of vote that saw two rival candidates losing the contest. Abdikarim Hussein has contested neck-by-neck in the running with Ahmed Fiqi, Somalia’s former director intelligence agency, ending months of campaign in the central...

Up to 120 US military personnel are operating out of two secret drone bases in Somalia, carrying out attacks on Al-Shabab militants and working with African Union peacekeepers, a new report has revealed. Somali officials have confirmed a secretive US presence in the southern port city of Kismayo, according to Foreign Policy correspondent Ty McCormick. Another base, at...

Nairobi (AFP) – Foreign fighters with Somalia’s Shebab insurgents pose a risk to Europe if troops fail to stop them, Kenya’s deputy president warned Thursday, days after the first British jihadi was killed in Kenya. “Foreign fighters from far afield, some from Europe, are in the field here in the Horn of Africa,” Kenyan Deputy President William...

MOGADISHU, Somalia (AP) — A Somali soldier and four militants were killed Sunday as an al-Qaida-linked extremist group tried to attack a training compound used for intelligence officials in Mogadishu, a police officer said. The attack started with a suicide car bombing outside the intelligence school, which killed two attackers and a soldier, police Capt. Mohamed Hussein...

DADAAB, Kenya (Reuters) – When Kenyan police arrested six men in the vast Dadaab refugee camp near the Somali border last April, their ultimate aim was to dismantle a decades-old sugar smuggling trade that is funding Somali militants waging war on Kenya. The arrests, coming weeks after four al Shabaab gunmen massacred 148 people at nearby Garissa university, were...

Nairobi (AFP) – Kenya’s president ordered Thursday the central bank to issue regulations and then lift restrictions on key money transfer services vital for Somalia suspended over suspected links to the Al-Qaeda-allied Shebab. Kenya in April froze transfer companies as part of a crackdown on alleged Shebab supporters following the university massacre of almost...

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Water Security” is herein described as the nexus between the availability, accessibility and use of water. The concept is defined as the ‘availability of, and access to water in sufficient quantity and quality to meet livelihood needs of all households throughout the year, without considering the needs of other users. Water Security is further described herein under ‘Securing Water for Production’. (Valerie Ndaruzaniye, 2011).  While ‘Water Insecurity’ refers to the exact opposite of the mentioned concept that is been the unavailability and inaccessibility of enough water to meet the livelihood need of all households in a period of one yearIn the Horn of Africa, increasing scarcity and degradation of water sources seriously threatens human well-being. The population in the region (Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya and Uganda) has increased fourfold in the past 50 years and continues to grow rapidly (United Nations Population Division, 2010). Farmers need more water to feed more mouths and extended areas are needed for food production, at the expense of forest and pasture lands. With a high and stable number of pastoral communities and decreasing amount of pastureland, pressure on land and water grows. The mounting need for fertile soils and irrigated land is intensified by high international demands for food and energy. Investors from all over the world are ready to invest in commercial farming in Sudan, Kenya, Uganda and Ethiopia. With inadequate soil and water management measures being taken, this growing pressure on natural resources leads to a decrease in the quality and quantity of soils, forests and water resources. (Eric van de Giessen: 2011)To put this region into water security context, according to Earth Trends, Environmental Information/World Resources Institute, Djibouti’s per capita is 460M3; Eritrea’s per capita is 701M3; Ethiopia’s per capita is 1,666M3 and Somalia’s per capita is 628 M3 (IRWR, 2011). According to the Falkenmark Water Stress Indicator, a country or a region is said to experience “water stress” when annual water supplies drop below 1,700 cubic meters per person per year. This means almost all parts of the Horn of Africa region can generally be termed as water stress region or facing water insecurityFigure 1, Map of the Horn of Africa region (Yellow): Source: Google Map 2010It is in this context; this paper will be exploring the water scarcity and stress in the horn of Africa region and how this will increase the vulnerability of the households and farmers as well as the impact it will have on the ability of the locals to utilize their socio-economic potentials. The paper will further attempt to assess the capacity of the existing institutions to manage the task at hand and finally the author referring to his personal knowledge and experience in the area as well as the reflections of the articles reviewed will hopefully suggest possible strategies for all the concerned stakeholders.In this review article, the author will attempt to examine five peer-reviewed articles, some with specific regional details and others more general outlook on water security, and will then try to create a holistic picture on the water situation on the ground as well as the efforts of those in charge in trying to mitigate the challenges of water security and enhance greater socio-economic well being for their people. Here are the articles the author intends to review for this paper: 1:Valerie Ndaruzaniye (2011) Water security in Ethiopia, Risk and vulnerability assessment. 2: Eric van de Giessen (2011) Horn of Africa Environmental Security Assessment-Institute for Environmental Security. 3: Simbarashe Govere et.al (2010) Coping with Water Scarcity in Eastern Africa; the role of intra-regional virtual water trade. 4) Declan Conway, et.al (2008) Rainfall and Water Resources Variability in Sub-Saharan Africa during the Twentieth Century 5) Noah Amin (2007) Water Scarcity In The Horn Of Africa And Its Deadly Consequences.In this part, the discussion will be mainly centered on the major factors that are causing water stress and scarcity in Africa generally and in particular the Horn. Almost all the articles reviewed for this paper mainly agree the major cause of the water stress in the region, but as we will later discover it, there are few country specific challenges with greater regional water security significance to it.In Sub-Saharan Africa, the Eastern African region, particularly the Horn of Africa, is considered highly geographically exposed to climate change and its impact over water. Out of 200 million people living in the Horn of Africa, 70 million are located in areas prone to extreme droughts leading to water insecurity and food shortages. In this Eastern African region, floods and droughts can occur in the same area within a very short period. Such events can exacerbate inadequate water availability in quality and quantity, sufficient enough to sustain agricultural activities and energy production. As a result, this often leads to famine and widespread disruption of socio-economic well being. (Valerie Ndaruzaniye, 2011)