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Hiiraan | Hiiraan Net | Wararka somalia | Somali news | Warar, Quraan iyo Tafsiir.

Hiiraan | Hiiraan Net | Wararka somalia | Somali news | Warar, Quraan iyo Tafsiir.

Nairobi (AFP) – At least four people, including two policemen, were killed on Wednesday when a car bomb exploded outside a police station in Nairobi near a major Somali neighbourhood, Kenya’s government said. Police have taken away two suspects for questioning after they were stopped at a red light in the Pangani neighbourhood, the interior ministry said. No...

The top United Nations envoy to Somalia warned Tuesday that the U.N. and other foreign diplomats may have to withdraw from the war-ravaged nation if they continue to be attacked.He spoke the same day that two Al-Shabab gunmen killed a Somali legislator as he left his home in Mogadishu, marking the second fatal attack on a member of parliament in as many days.  U.N. Special...

MOGADISHU (Reuters) – Islamist rebels shot dead a Somali lawmaker on Tuesday, a day after blowing up one of his colleagues, and vowed to keep killing politicians and wreck efforts to secure the country. Al Qaeda-linked group al Shabaab told Reuters they wanted to send a message to Western-backed President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, who on Tuesday was due to wrap up a...

Mogadishu (AFP) – A Somali lawmaker was assassinated and another wounded on Monday by a car bomb in Mogadishu, the prime minister said, the latest in a series of bomb attacks in the war-ravaged capital. “Somalia has today lost a committed parliamentarian who worked tirelessly to serve the people of Somalia and help rebuild our country,” Prime Minister...

  After a spate of grenade attacks in Nairobi, the coastal region and the Somali-inhabited North Eastern province, the Kenyan government has launched a massive crackdown on ethnic Somalis. More than 4,000 people, mostly Somali refugees, have been arrested since Kenya launched Operation Usalama Watch on April 2, ostensibly in response to the deteriorating domestic...

Familiar terrorist groups, familiar threats, familiar boasts and grievances — all in new messages tied, either directly or indirectly, to al Qaeda. Two videos and one audio link have come to light in recent days that suggest that the world’s most recognizable terrorist group is still active, at least in online postings. The audio is a question-and-answer session...

NAIROBI, Kenya (AP) —If you have a beard or wear loose-fitting clothing associated with Muslims, you will be targeted, says Omar bin Omar as police carried out a security sweep of Somali neighborhoods amid alleged police abuses. Kenya deported 91 more Somali nationals to the Somalia capital Mogadishu on Thursday, the second wave of forced deportations that the U.N. refugee...

  Women hide their faces as they wait in line to be vetted at a temporary centre on April 9, 2014 in Nairobi (AFP Photo/Tony Karumba) Nairobi (AFP) – The UN refugee agency said Thursday it was “disturbed by reports of harassment and other abuses” in a Kenyan counter-terrorism operation targeting Somalis that has seen thousands arrested and scores...

Tens of millions of pounds will be pledged by the British and other governements for an ambitious security plan to hire army and police forces to keep the emerging peace in Somalia. The Somalian government payroll currently includes 8,500 soldiers and 6,000 police in Mogadishu Photo: Reuters William Hague, the Foreign Secretary, said Somalian leaders “need international...

MOGADISHU (Reuters) – When Islamist militants blasted their way to within 50 metres of the Somali president’s residence, they forced a sharp rethink of security in the capital Mogadishu. A Somali government soldier secures the scene of a suicide attack The deadly February 21 assault on the Villa Somalia compound was the closest al Qaeda-linked insurgents had...

Washington (AFP) – President Barack Obama will hold talks next month with President Ismail Omar Guelleh of Djibouti, a key counterterrorism partner for US forces tracking extremists in Africa. The White House said the May 5 meeting at the White House would highlight the role of Djibouti, which hosts a US Horn of Africa counterterrorism task force, in protecting regional...

Mogadishu (AFP) – Armed forces from Somalia’s rival northern regions faced off on Wednesday over a contested region, with both the United Nations and United States calling for calm. Troops from self-declared Somaliland in the northwest and soldiers from autonomous Puntland in the northeast have deployed around the town of Taleh, a contested zone in the northern...

INTERVIEW Mogadishu — In early September 2013, Somali President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud convened the Vision 2016 Conference which outlined steps needed to strengthen and rebuild Somalia’s government institutions and hold democratic elections in three years. The more than 200 delegates who attended the conference addressed five main themes for Somalia’s political...

KAMPALA, Uganda (AP) – Ugandan officials say about 400 troops will be deployed in Somalia on Thursday under a new United Nations guard unit charged with protecting U.N. staff and installations in the violence-prone Somali capital. Dressed in the U.N.’s blue helmets and Ugandan military fatigues they will wear while on duty in Mogadishu, the troops were urged...

UPDF instructors trained ten Al-Shabaab fighters using African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) facilities on instructions from their commanders. Lance Corporal, Jackson Byabagambi, told the General Court Martial in Makindye, a Kampala suburb, Tuesday that the ten Al-Shabaab fighters were trained at Aljazeera training ground shared by AMISOM troops and Somalia National...

The UK government is offering humanitarian aid and security assistance to Somalia in the hope of a stake in the country’s future energy industry, a report said. Britain is involved in a secret high-stakes dash for oil in Somalia, with the government offering humanitarian aid and security assistance in the hope of a stake in the beleaguered country’s future...

Women board a police vehicle after being arrested in Eastleigh last week. File, NNews The city’s most dangerous estate is now a ghost town. Thousands of residents have fled Eastleigh following the crackdown on terrorists and illegal immigrants. Ignited by attacks on two restaurants in which six people were killed, last week’s massive operation involved more than 5,000...

Mo Farah finished the marathon in eighth place just over a minute outside the British record Double Olympic champion Mo Farah missed out on his bid to win the London Marathon 2014. Farah, 31, who was running his first competitive marathon, finished in eighth place. He also missed out on breaking the British record. Wilson Kipsang from Kenya won the event in a new course...

Internet cafes are popular in the capital, Mogadishu Some residents of Somalia’s capital have been experiencing a form of “culture shock” since fibre optic services launched over the last week, an internet provider has told the BBC. “Any video or site just pops up… they’re very excited about the speed,” Somalia Wireless’s...

Known for its musicians before the 1991 civil war, Somali performers say insecurity still dampens cultural pursuit. Mogadishu, Somalia – Just before the weekend, a crowd of about 20 people gather around silver-haired Jiim Sheikh Muumin at a sandy white beach on the edge of the Somali capital. Jiim, as everyone refers to him, is a well-known Somali musician and actor...

Human Rights Watch has accused Kenya of treating Somalis like scapegoats amid swoops by security forces that have seen thousands arrested and scores expelled back to their war-torn country. “Scapegoating and abusing Somalis for heinous attacks by unknown people is not going to protect Kenyans, Somalis, or anyone else against more attacks,” said HRW’s...

The Minneapolis City Council voted Friday to mark July 1 as “Somali American day” in the city, which is home to many immigrants from the east African country. The date holds significance among Somalis, who celebrate independence day on July 1 both in Somalia and the United States diaspora. Abdi Warsame, the first Somali-American on the Minneapolis City Council, praised...

Somali fishermen have been issued with official ID cards to help distinguish them from pirates, it’s been reported. At least 2,000 such cards have been handed out to fishermen in the Puntland region of Somalia in the last two months, the Ministry for Fisheries and Marine Resources tells Radio Ergo. One fisherman in Bossasso says he feels less afraid of being mistaken...

EASTLEIGH (NAIROBI), 11 April 2014 (IRIN) – Thousands of ethnic Somalis have been arrested and detained in an ongoing security operation dubbed Usalama Watch mainly in Eastleigh, a suburb of Nairobi often known as “Little Mogadishu” because of its predominantly Somali population. Usalama means security in Swahili. The crackdown, which began on 2 April, came after...

Opposition ODM party leaders have termed the ongoing operation against terror suspects in Eastleigh as a ‘ploy’ by the government to win back the confidence of the Western powers. Led by the party’s acting leader Prof Anyang’ Nyong’o, the leaders said the operation was purely political. “There is nothing like fighting terror in the so-called operation...

Kenya has sent back 82 Somalis to Somalia after launching a massive security force operation to flush out illegal immigrants and militant Islamists. The group had been in Kenya illegally, a Somali diplomat said. Nearly 4,000 people have been arrested in raids over the past week in the capital Nairobi, but police say only 447 people are still being held. Somali militants...

A BRITON working for the United Nations Drug and Crime Agency has today been shot dead in northern Somalia. A security guard at Galkayo main Airport, 700km north of Mogadishu, shot the Briton and another male UN worker as they entered the airport on their way to Kenya, according to airport’s security boss, Colonel Ali Yusuf. Airport officer, Abdullahi Yusuf, confirmed...

The Somali Federal Parliament has condemned the on-going Eastleigh crackdown carried by the Kenyan Police forces which has seen many Somali refugees arrested and harassed. Deputy Head of the Human rights Committee of the Parliament, Muse Sheikh Omar has called on Kenyan authorities to protect the rights of the Somalis. ‘’ We are urging the Kenyan government to protect...

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Water Security” is herein described as the nexus between the availability, accessibility and use of water. The concept is defined as the ‘availability of, and access to water in sufficient quantity and quality to meet livelihood needs of all households throughout the year, without considering the needs of other users. Water Security is further described herein under ‘Securing Water for Production’. (Valerie Ndaruzaniye, 2011).  While ‘Water Insecurity’ refers to the exact opposite of the mentioned concept that is been the unavailability and inaccessibility of enough water to meet the livelihood need of all households in a period of one yearIn the Horn of Africa, increasing scarcity and degradation of water sources seriously threatens human well-being. The population in the region (Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya and Uganda) has increased fourfold in the past 50 years and continues to grow rapidly (United Nations Population Division, 2010). Farmers need more water to feed more mouths and extended areas are needed for food production, at the expense of forest and pasture lands. With a high and stable number of pastoral communities and decreasing amount of pastureland, pressure on land and water grows. The mounting need for fertile soils and irrigated land is intensified by high international demands for food and energy. Investors from all over the world are ready to invest in commercial farming in Sudan, Kenya, Uganda and Ethiopia. With inadequate soil and water management measures being taken, this growing pressure on natural resources leads to a decrease in the quality and quantity of soils, forests and water resources. (Eric van de Giessen: 2011)To put this region into water security context, according to Earth Trends, Environmental Information/World Resources Institute, Djibouti’s per capita is 460M3; Eritrea’s per capita is 701M3; Ethiopia’s per capita is 1,666M3 and Somalia’s per capita is 628 M3 (IRWR, 2011). According to the Falkenmark Water Stress Indicator, a country or a region is said to experience “water stress” when annual water supplies drop below 1,700 cubic meters per person per year. This means almost all parts of the Horn of Africa region can generally be termed as water stress region or facing water insecurityFigure 1, Map of the Horn of Africa region (Yellow): Source: Google Map 2010It is in this context; this paper will be exploring the water scarcity and stress in the horn of Africa region and how this will increase the vulnerability of the households and farmers as well as the impact it will have on the ability of the locals to utilize their socio-economic potentials. The paper will further attempt to assess the capacity of the existing institutions to manage the task at hand and finally the author referring to his personal knowledge and experience in the area as well as the reflections of the articles reviewed will hopefully suggest possible strategies for all the concerned stakeholders.In this review article, the author will attempt to examine five peer-reviewed articles, some with specific regional details and others more general outlook on water security, and will then try to create a holistic picture on the water situation on the ground as well as the efforts of those in charge in trying to mitigate the challenges of water security and enhance greater socio-economic well being for their people. Here are the articles the author intends to review for this paper: 1:Valerie Ndaruzaniye (2011) Water security in Ethiopia, Risk and vulnerability assessment. 2: Eric van de Giessen (2011) Horn of Africa Environmental Security Assessment-Institute for Environmental Security. 3: Simbarashe Govere et.al (2010) Coping with Water Scarcity in Eastern Africa; the role of intra-regional virtual water trade. 4) Declan Conway, et.al (2008) Rainfall and Water Resources Variability in Sub-Saharan Africa during the Twentieth Century 5) Noah Amin (2007) Water Scarcity In The Horn Of Africa And Its Deadly Consequences.In this part, the discussion will be mainly centered on the major factors that are causing water stress and scarcity in Africa generally and in particular the Horn. Almost all the articles reviewed for this paper mainly agree the major cause of the water stress in the region, but as we will later discover it, there are few country specific challenges with greater regional water security significance to it.In Sub-Saharan Africa, the Eastern African region, particularly the Horn of Africa, is considered highly geographically exposed to climate change and its impact over water. Out of 200 million people living in the Horn of Africa, 70 million are located in areas prone to extreme droughts leading to water insecurity and food shortages. In this Eastern African region, floods and droughts can occur in the same area within a very short period. Such events can exacerbate inadequate water availability in quality and quantity, sufficient enough to sustain agricultural activities and energy production. As a result, this often leads to famine and widespread disruption of socio-economic well being. (Valerie Ndaruzaniye, 2011)