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Hiiraan | Hiiraan Net | Wararka somalia | Somali news | Warar, Quraan iyo Tafsiir.

Hiiraan | Hiiraan Net | Wararka somalia | Somali news | Warar, Quraan iyo Tafsiir.

Yesterday at around 0600 hours, AMISOM forces conducted several targeted in-depth operations around the town of Badhadhe in Lower Juba region in a village called Lagta Berta targeting two camps where Al-Shabaab militiamen had converged after fleeing from the impending fall of Barawe from the ongoing Operation Indian Ocean. During the raid, Al-Shabaab suffered heavy losses,...

Nairobi (AFP) – US President Barack Obama has ordered a “relentless” war against the Islamic State, and has cited the ongoing intervention in Somalia as a model for intervention in Syria and Iraq. So drawing on the experience of US operations against Somalia’s Al-Qaeda-linked Shebab rebels, what can the Islamic State expect to face in the coming...

According to starrfmonline.com, Somalia, Djibouti and Ghana are among the top 10 African countries with the most desirable women. The website reported: Ghanaian women are the third most beautiful ladies in Africa, according to ranking site Ranker. They were beaten to the top spot by Somalia and Djibouti in that order, suggesting Somalian ladies are the most beautiful on...

NAIROBI (Reuters) – The Kenyan shilling eased on Thursday as importers sought dollars and is likely to face more pressure in coming days because a downturn in tourism has hurt foreign exchange inflows. At 0831 GMT, commercial banks quoted the shilling at 88.80/90 to the dollar, compared with Thursday’s close of 88.75/85. The Bank of Africa wrote in a report...

NAIROBI (Reuters) – Kenya on Thursday swore in a new intelligence chief who it hopes will tackle the rising threat from al Shabaab militants in neighbouring Somalia bent on retaliation after U.S. missiles last week killed their leader and co-founder Ahmed Godane. Major-General Philip Kameru’s appointment as the new director general of Kenya’s National...

WASHINGTON (AP) — A strong solar flare is blasting its way to Earth, but the worst of its power looks like it will barely skim above the planet and not cause many problems. It has been several years since Earth has had a solar storm of this size coming from sunspots smack in the middle of the sun, said Tom Berger, director of the Space Weather Prediction Center in Boulder,...

Tonight, in his highly anticipated speech announcing a strategy to address the Islamic State and the ongoing conflicts in Syria and Iraq, President Obama will compare his plans to what the United States has been doing in Somalia and Yemen to address al-Qaeda affiliates and violent jihadi groups in those places over the past several years. (See the excerpts here.) How does...

NAIROBI (Reuters) – Kenyan authorities have detained two German nationals who they accuse of being members of the Somali Islamist group al Shabaab, which has been blamed for a series of attacks on Kenyan soil, police said Tuesday. “We arrested the two foreigners following information that they had travelled to Somalia and joined the militant group fighting...

(Reuters) – Somalia’s Islamist rebel group bombed African peacekeepers and government vehicles on Monday in twin attacks that left at least 12 civilians dead, marking al Shabaab’s first major attack since promising revenge for the killing of its leader last week. The blasts within an hour of each other on the same road southwest of Mogadishu targeted...

BERLIN (AP) — German authorities say they have arrested three men at Frankfurt airport on suspicion they are members of the Somalian terrorist organization al-Shabab. The Federal Prosecutor’s Office said Monday the three German nationals were arrested Saturday after landing in Frankfurt from Kenya, on suspicion of membership in a foreign terrorist organization....

African Union (AU) peacekeepers in Somalia rape women seeking medicine on their bases and routinely pay teenage girls for sex, Human Rights Watch (HRW) said on Monday. HRW documented 10 incidents of rape and sexual assault, including gang rape and the rape of a 12-year-old girl, by African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) troops in 2013 and 2014. Most of the incidents...

Somalia’s Islamic extremist rebels, al-Shabab, named a new leader Saturday after confirming the killing of their previous leader by a U.S. airstrike, a commander of the group said. The Somali militants unanimously selected Ahmad Umar, also known as Abu Ubaidah, at a meeting in an undisclosed location in Somalia, said rebel commander Abu Mohammed. Al-Shabab also stated...

WASHINGTON (AP) — The Pentagon says U.S. officials have confirmed the death of the leader of the al-Shabab terror group in a U.S. airstrike on Monday. The Pentagon’s press secretary confirmed the death of Ahmed Abdi Godane in a brief written statement Friday. The statement calls the death a major symbolic and operational loss for al-Shabab. ...

Bujumbura (Burundi) (AFP) – The commander of African Union troops in Somalia said Thursday the continent would celebrate if the death of the chief of extremist Shebab rebels in a US missile strike was true. General Silas Ntigurirwa, commander of the 22,000-strong AU force (AMISOM), said the killing of the feared Islamist chief Ahmed Abdi Godane — if confirmed...

Norwegian oil company DNO and other small explorers are destabilising Somalia, the African country’s petroleum ministry said on Wednesday, warning it may lodge complaints against these firms to the United Nations Security Council. DNO has been prospecting for oil in Somaliland, a break-away territory of Somalia. The company did not respond to telephone and email...

Mogadishu (AFP) – Somali and African troops have captured a new town from Shebab Islamists during a major offensive, the army said Thursday, days after US air strikes targeted the extremists’ leader. Troops on Wednesday seized the town of Jalalaqsi, some 150 kilometres (90 miles) north of Mogadishu, and the Al-Qaeda-linked Shebab fled without a fight, the 22,000-strong...

MOGADISHU, Somalia (AP) — Somalia’s government on Wednesday offered an amnesty to fighters with al-Shabab, the Islamic extremist group whose leader was targeted Monday night in a U.S. airstrike. Following a Cabinet-level security meeting on Tuesday, Somali authorities are giving al-Shabab militants 45 days to take up the offer, Security Minister Khalif Ahmed Ereg...

NAIROBI (Reuters) – African leaders proposed on Tuesday creating a special fund to combat Islamist militant groups growing in strength from Kenya to Nigeria. African Union (AU) states announced the idea after Nairobi talks on a problem highlighted on Tuesday by capture of a town in north-eastern Nigeria by Boko Haram militants. Fighting killed scores of people, according...

Mogadishu, Somalia — A suspected U.S. drone strike targeted senior leaders of Al-Shabaab in southern Somalia, but it’s not clear if the leader of the Islamic militant group was wounded or killed, a Somali official said Tuesday. The Pentagon would only say it carried out an operation in Somalia, but didn’t offer additional details. The strike Monday hit...

MOGADISHU (Reuters) – Islamist rebels blew up a car bomb on Sunday at a national-intelligence site in Somalia’s capital where suspected militants are held, and gunmen then attacked the site, officials and the rebel group said. Seven militants were killed in the attack and in fighting at the Mogadishu facility, according to an intelligence officer, who asked...

Mogadishu (AFP) – African Union forces claimed to have liberated a former Shebab stronghold in Somalia on Saturday as part of a joint offensive with government troops aimed at capturing key ports from the Islamist fighters. The AU mission in Somalia (AMISOM) said it had captured the town of Bulomarer, some 160 kilometres (100 miles) southwest of the capital Mogadishu. The...

Military officials say the Somali army, backed by African Union forces, has launched a long-awaited operation against al-Qaida-linked al-Shabab fighters in southern Somalia. Abdiqadir Mohamed Nor, the governor of Lower Shabelle region, where the offensive began, said Saturday that troops are advancing toward the militant-held town of Bulomarer, about 110 kilometers (70...

Mohammed is now the most common name for men in Norway’s capital city Oslo, it appears. “It is very exciting,” Jorgen Ouren of Statistics Norway tells The Local news website. A recent count of the city’s population showed more than 4,800 men and boys in the city are called Mohammed, beating out other popular names like Jan and Per. Although Mohammed...

NAIROBI (Reuters) – African Islamists may be emboldened by the Islamic State’s gains in the Middle East, and local security services need to cooperate to counter the continent’s militants, African intelligence officials heard on Thursday. African Islamist rebels like Nigeria’s Boko Haram have not made as dramatic an advance as Islamic State, which...

The Hague (AFP) – Somalia took its maritime border dispute with Kenya to the United Nations’ top court on Thursday, which could decide the fate of potentially lucrative oil and gas reserves off east Africa. The dispute has been simmering for years, keeping investors away because of the lack of legal clarity over who owns potential offshore oil and gas reserves. The...

A second American from the Minneapolis area has been killed while fighting for the Islamic State of of Iraq and Syria, according to family and friends. The death follows that of Douglas McCain, an American who grew up in Minnesota. McCain,33, was killed while fighting for ISIS in Syria over the weekend. The State Department said earlier that the U.S. has no official confirmation...

MOGADISHU—“The president has arrived, the president has arrived,” chant youths in Mogadishu’s Beerta Khaatka market, as armed men in trucks mounted with machine guns escort lorries with horns blaring through the throng. The joking salutation is not for Somalia’s president, but hails a national institution nonetheless: white sacks brimming with leafy sprouts...

DJIBOUTI (Reuters) – Djibouti’s president was unhurt when a member of the Republican Guard shot and wounded his doctor and at least one other person at the airport of the Red Sea nation after the presidential party had flown in, officials said on Tuesday. President Ismail Omar Guelleh, who was returning from a meeting in Ethiopia, had left the airport shortly...

Water Security” is herein described as the nexus between the availability, accessibility and use of water. The concept is defined as the ‘availability of, and access to water in sufficient quantity and quality to meet livelihood needs of all households throughout the year, without considering the needs of other users. Water Security is further described herein under ‘Securing Water for Production’. (Valerie Ndaruzaniye, 2011).  While ‘Water Insecurity’ refers to the exact opposite of the mentioned concept that is been the unavailability and inaccessibility of enough water to meet the livelihood need of all households in a period of one yearIn the Horn of Africa, increasing scarcity and degradation of water sources seriously threatens human well-being. The population in the region (Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya and Uganda) has increased fourfold in the past 50 years and continues to grow rapidly (United Nations Population Division, 2010). Farmers need more water to feed more mouths and extended areas are needed for food production, at the expense of forest and pasture lands. With a high and stable number of pastoral communities and decreasing amount of pastureland, pressure on land and water grows. The mounting need for fertile soils and irrigated land is intensified by high international demands for food and energy. Investors from all over the world are ready to invest in commercial farming in Sudan, Kenya, Uganda and Ethiopia. With inadequate soil and water management measures being taken, this growing pressure on natural resources leads to a decrease in the quality and quantity of soils, forests and water resources. (Eric van de Giessen: 2011)To put this region into water security context, according to Earth Trends, Environmental Information/World Resources Institute, Djibouti’s per capita is 460M3; Eritrea’s per capita is 701M3; Ethiopia’s per capita is 1,666M3 and Somalia’s per capita is 628 M3 (IRWR, 2011). According to the Falkenmark Water Stress Indicator, a country or a region is said to experience “water stress” when annual water supplies drop below 1,700 cubic meters per person per year. This means almost all parts of the Horn of Africa region can generally be termed as water stress region or facing water insecurityFigure 1, Map of the Horn of Africa region (Yellow): Source: Google Map 2010It is in this context; this paper will be exploring the water scarcity and stress in the horn of Africa region and how this will increase the vulnerability of the households and farmers as well as the impact it will have on the ability of the locals to utilize their socio-economic potentials. The paper will further attempt to assess the capacity of the existing institutions to manage the task at hand and finally the author referring to his personal knowledge and experience in the area as well as the reflections of the articles reviewed will hopefully suggest possible strategies for all the concerned stakeholders.In this review article, the author will attempt to examine five peer-reviewed articles, some with specific regional details and others more general outlook on water security, and will then try to create a holistic picture on the water situation on the ground as well as the efforts of those in charge in trying to mitigate the challenges of water security and enhance greater socio-economic well being for their people. Here are the articles the author intends to review for this paper: 1:Valerie Ndaruzaniye (2011) Water security in Ethiopia, Risk and vulnerability assessment. 2: Eric van de Giessen (2011) Horn of Africa Environmental Security Assessment-Institute for Environmental Security. 3: Simbarashe Govere et.al (2010) Coping with Water Scarcity in Eastern Africa; the role of intra-regional virtual water trade. 4) Declan Conway, et.al (2008) Rainfall and Water Resources Variability in Sub-Saharan Africa during the Twentieth Century 5) Noah Amin (2007) Water Scarcity In The Horn Of Africa And Its Deadly Consequences.In this part, the discussion will be mainly centered on the major factors that are causing water stress and scarcity in Africa generally and in particular the Horn. Almost all the articles reviewed for this paper mainly agree the major cause of the water stress in the region, but as we will later discover it, there are few country specific challenges with greater regional water security significance to it.In Sub-Saharan Africa, the Eastern African region, particularly the Horn of Africa, is considered highly geographically exposed to climate change and its impact over water. Out of 200 million people living in the Horn of Africa, 70 million are located in areas prone to extreme droughts leading to water insecurity and food shortages. In this Eastern African region, floods and droughts can occur in the same area within a very short period. Such events can exacerbate inadequate water availability in quality and quantity, sufficient enough to sustain agricultural activities and energy production. As a result, this often leads to famine and widespread disruption of socio-economic well being. (Valerie Ndaruzaniye, 2011)