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NAIROBI (Reuters) – Militants from Somalia-based al Shabaab attacked a village in northeast Kenya but were beaten back by security forces, the Interior Ministry said on Friday. It said the militants entered the village of Yumbis, 70 km (45 miles) north of the town of Garissa, late on Thursday. “Security forces swiftly mobilized and engaged the militants in...

The Foreign Minister of the State of Qatar Dr. Khalid Bin Mohammed AlAttiyah visited Somalia today to hold bilateral talks with senior members of the Government of the Federal Republic of Somalia. The Qatari Foreign Minister and his delegation were welcomed at the new terminal of Aden Abdulle airport just before 11am by a Somali Government delegation led by Dr. Abdusalam...

Somalia’s president has lashed out at the government of neighbouring Kenya – accusing it of a “heavy-handed” approach to regional security, and specifically criticizing Kenya’s recent decision to clamp down on money transfer companies allegedly linked to the militant group, al-Shabab. In an interview with BBC News, President Hassan Sheikh...

The intercept : – U.S. COUNTERTERRORISM AGENCIES have long been preoccupied with the threat posed by the recruiting successes of the Somali terrorist group al Shabaab in Western countries. The group has managed to lure hundreds of foreign fighters — including some 40 Americans — to Somalia through online propaganda videos and word-of-mouth in disaffected immigrant...

Kenyan security agencies have been put on high alert after about 50 heavily-armed Ethiopian soldiers and police officers crossed the border and reportedly took over a police station. Police said the incident at Illeret Police Station in North Horr came just a week after surveyors had completed demarcating the Kenya-Ethiopia border. Armed with AK47 rifles, the Ethiopians...

According to a magazine, about 15 Germans are fighting for the Somali terror militia al-Shabab. Focus reported the number after six residents of the western city of Bonn were indicted upon their return from Somalia. Munich-based magazine “Focus” reported on Saturday that about 15 Germans are currently fighting in Somalia alongside the Shabab terror militia....

MOGADISHU (HOL) —-The central government of Somalia faces tough choices in dealing with regional states whereby some regional states’ leaders call the Somali President as their ‘counterpart’. The issue has also created a hot debate among Somalis who took to the social media to match up to the Somali leaders with top regional state officials. Somali...

Mogadishu, May 15 (IANS) The Al Shabaab militant group has recaptured two towns under government control in Lower Shabelle region in southern Somalia, authorities said on Friday.  Lower Shabelle Governor Abdulkadir Mohamed Nor Sidi told Xinhua news agency on Friday that Al Shabaab fighters launched a daring attack late Thursday night on the towns of Awdeegle and Mubakar,...

Star tribune : -Minneapolis: – A Minneapolis child care center with a history of safety violations is being investigated by federal and state authorities for possible financial fraud. The FBI and the Minnesota Department of Human Services (DHS) executed a search warrant Wednesday morning at Salama Child Care Center at 1411 Nicollet Av. near downtown Minneapolis....

MOGADISHU, Somalia (AP) — Al-Shabab militants kidnapped 14 crew members of an Iranian fishing boat Wednesday off the coast of Somalia, seizing them as their vessel washed ashore, Iranian state television and residents said. The extremists detained the fishermen after the vessel drifted into the militants’ stronghold, Yasin Maalin, a resident of the town of El-Dher...

WASHINGTON (Reuters) – A Somali-American teenager whose case was a test for efforts to deradicalize Islamist extremists has been sent back to prison after apparently violating an agreement that put him in a “halfway house,” federal officials said on Wednesday. Student Abdullahi Yusuf, 19, pleaded guilty in a federal court in Minneapolis in February to...

New York (AFP) – Two Swedes and a Somali, handed to the FBI more than two years ago in Africa, pleaded guilty Tuesday to conspiring to aid the Al-Qaeda-linked Shebab group in Somalia, US prosecutors said. The trio face up to 15 years in an American prison and deportation, prosecutors said in New York. Prosecutors say Madhi Hashi, 25, from Somalia, and Swedes Ali...

“You’re going into a boxing match even though your hands are tied behind your back.” When Fadumo Dayib announced her bid to run for President of Somalia on national TV last year, people thought she was crazy. Somalia’s violent history and the life-threatening conditions that the country’s politicians and activists face on a daily basis makes...

NAIROBI, Kenya (N Y Times)— President Uhuru Kenyatta of Kenya on Wednesday softened a threat to expel hundreds of thousands of Somali refugees within three months, saying there would be no forced repatriations. Mr. Kenyatta made the assurance after meetings with the top refugee official from the United Nations. He also met with Secretary of State John Kerry here this...

China is negotiating a military base in the strategic port of Djibouti, the president told AFP, raising the prospect of US and Chinese bases side-by-side in the tiny Horn of Africa nation. “Discussions are ongoing,” President Ismail Omar Guelleh told AFP in an interview in Djibouti, saying Beijing’s presence would be “welcome”. Djibouti is...

An aid group is unhappy that Secretary of State John Kerry did not discuss Somalia’s remittance crisis when he made a brief, unannounced visit to Mogadishu this week. • A first: John Kerry’s unannounced visit to Somalia Scott Paul with the charity Oxfam said Kerry ignored a key concern of many Somali-Americans: The difficulty of sending cash to relatives. According...

NAIROBI – A military offensive has driven Somalia’s al Shabaab Islamist group out of major strongholds and deprived it of revenue sources, but its retreat to a southern valley and northern hills still poses a threat, the U.N. envoy to Somalia said. The African Union’s AMISOM peacekeeping force and Somali soldiers have pushed the group, which wants to...

Al Shabaab militants shot dead a government official in Mogadishu on Wednesday and, in a separate attack, bombed an African Union troop convoy outside the Somali capital, police and a spokesman for the group said. Abdifatah Barre, the deputy district commissioner of Mogadishu’s Wadajir district, was shot dead in his car. “Gunmen opened fire on the car of the...

Nairobi (AFP) – Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta promised Wednesday not to force refugees home, backtracking on a three-month deadline issued by his deputy that would have pushed hundreds of thousands back to war zones. Kenya had threatened to send refugees home — including closing the world’s largest camp complex in Dadaab, where more than 360,000 Somali...

Mogadishu (AFP) – US Secretary of State John Kerry said Tuesday that war-torn Somalia was facing a better future, as he made a landmark visit as the most senior US official to visit since Washington’s doomed military intervention more than two decades ago. The top US diplomat spent just a few hours in the capital, Mogadishu, and did not venture out of the heavily-fortified...

(CNN)—John Kerry arrived in Mogadishu, the capital of Somalia, on Tuesday, becoming the first U.S. secretary of state ever to visit the unstable east African nation. During his time there, Kerry is scheduled to meet with a range of Somali leaders, including President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud. Kerry’s visit is just the latest twist in the long and often difficult history...

Nairobi (AFP) – Kenya’s interior minister on Thursday admitted that intelligence was ignored and the security response botched regarding the Islamist massacre of nearly 150 people at Garissa university in April. Security should have been “beefed up” but was not, and once the attack began a “lack of coordination” undermined the response,...

The tragic events that took place at Kenya’s Garissa University on Apr. 2, 2015, , in which 147 students were killed by militants linked with al-Shabaab, kick-started another round of xenophobic initiatives proposed in the country’s legislature. Under president Uhuru Kenyatta’s leadership, the country has taken steps to close the Dabaab refugee camp near the border...

(Reuters) – Somalia’s al Shabaab militants killed two city council officials, a former parliamentarian and a senior prison officer in Mogadishu, police and the rebel group said on Sunday. The al Qaeda-allied group has stepped up its gun and bomb attacks in the Horn of Africa nation over the past week. Six people were killed in an attack on a vehicle carrying...

The Somali Islamist movement al-Shabab has for the first time publicly killed a man for “insulting the prophet Muhammed”, witnesses have told the BBC. Crowds watched as the man was shot by a firing squad in the southern town of Jamame in the Lower Juba region. A BBC Somali service repoter says al-Shabab have previously killed people accused of spying or apostasy. Last...

As if Somalia wasn’t faced with enough challenges as of late, a new crisis is brewing on the horizon. Some brief background: The fragile country of 10 million continues to be plagued by the terrorism of the Islamist group al-Shabab, is facing a serious threat to its financial lifeline due to banks shutting down the servicing of remittance flows from Somalis abroad, and...

NAIROBI, Kenya (AP) — Nine security chiefs in the eastern town of Garissa have been suspended during a probe to determine if they failed to stop an extremist attack earlier this month in which 148 people died, Kenya’s interior minister has said. A thorough investigation is needed to determine if the individual officers are criminally culpable, Joseph Nkaissery...

BOSASSO (Reuters) – Somali militant group al Shabaab bombed a minivan carrying staff to a United Nations office in the semi-autonomous Puntland region on Monday, killing nine people including four from the global body’s children’s fund UNICEF, officials said. Images posted on social media show a blood-spattered white vehicle, its windows shattered and...

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Water Security” is herein described as the nexus between the availability, accessibility and use of water. The concept is defined as the ‘availability of, and access to water in sufficient quantity and quality to meet livelihood needs of all households throughout the year, without considering the needs of other users. Water Security is further described herein under ‘Securing Water for Production’. (Valerie Ndaruzaniye, 2011).  While ‘Water Insecurity’ refers to the exact opposite of the mentioned concept that is been the unavailability and inaccessibility of enough water to meet the livelihood need of all households in a period of one yearIn the Horn of Africa, increasing scarcity and degradation of water sources seriously threatens human well-being. The population in the region (Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya and Uganda) has increased fourfold in the past 50 years and continues to grow rapidly (United Nations Population Division, 2010). Farmers need more water to feed more mouths and extended areas are needed for food production, at the expense of forest and pasture lands. With a high and stable number of pastoral communities and decreasing amount of pastureland, pressure on land and water grows. The mounting need for fertile soils and irrigated land is intensified by high international demands for food and energy. Investors from all over the world are ready to invest in commercial farming in Sudan, Kenya, Uganda and Ethiopia. With inadequate soil and water management measures being taken, this growing pressure on natural resources leads to a decrease in the quality and quantity of soils, forests and water resources. (Eric van de Giessen: 2011)To put this region into water security context, according to Earth Trends, Environmental Information/World Resources Institute, Djibouti’s per capita is 460M3; Eritrea’s per capita is 701M3; Ethiopia’s per capita is 1,666M3 and Somalia’s per capita is 628 M3 (IRWR, 2011). According to the Falkenmark Water Stress Indicator, a country or a region is said to experience “water stress” when annual water supplies drop below 1,700 cubic meters per person per year. This means almost all parts of the Horn of Africa region can generally be termed as water stress region or facing water insecurityFigure 1, Map of the Horn of Africa region (Yellow): Source: Google Map 2010It is in this context; this paper will be exploring the water scarcity and stress in the horn of Africa region and how this will increase the vulnerability of the households and farmers as well as the impact it will have on the ability of the locals to utilize their socio-economic potentials. The paper will further attempt to assess the capacity of the existing institutions to manage the task at hand and finally the author referring to his personal knowledge and experience in the area as well as the reflections of the articles reviewed will hopefully suggest possible strategies for all the concerned stakeholders.In this review article, the author will attempt to examine five peer-reviewed articles, some with specific regional details and others more general outlook on water security, and will then try to create a holistic picture on the water situation on the ground as well as the efforts of those in charge in trying to mitigate the challenges of water security and enhance greater socio-economic well being for their people. Here are the articles the author intends to review for this paper: 1:Valerie Ndaruzaniye (2011) Water security in Ethiopia, Risk and vulnerability assessment. 2: Eric van de Giessen (2011) Horn of Africa Environmental Security Assessment-Institute for Environmental Security. 3: Simbarashe Govere et.al (2010) Coping with Water Scarcity in Eastern Africa; the role of intra-regional virtual water trade. 4) Declan Conway, et.al (2008) Rainfall and Water Resources Variability in Sub-Saharan Africa during the Twentieth Century 5) Noah Amin (2007) Water Scarcity In The Horn Of Africa And Its Deadly Consequences.In this part, the discussion will be mainly centered on the major factors that are causing water stress and scarcity in Africa generally and in particular the Horn. Almost all the articles reviewed for this paper mainly agree the major cause of the water stress in the region, but as we will later discover it, there are few country specific challenges with greater regional water security significance to it.In Sub-Saharan Africa, the Eastern African region, particularly the Horn of Africa, is considered highly geographically exposed to climate change and its impact over water. Out of 200 million people living in the Horn of Africa, 70 million are located in areas prone to extreme droughts leading to water insecurity and food shortages. In this Eastern African region, floods and droughts can occur in the same area within a very short period. Such events can exacerbate inadequate water availability in quality and quantity, sufficient enough to sustain agricultural activities and energy production. As a result, this often leads to famine and widespread disruption of socio-economic well being. (Valerie Ndaruzaniye, 2011)