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MOMBASA (Reuters) – At least three men were killed in a village in Kenya’s coastal Lamu county in the early hours of Sunday during a raid by suspected Islamist militants, police and officials said. At least five gunmen who spoke Somali came to Pandanguo village, searching for men. They interrogated them and some of them they killed, a survivor who was shot...

UNITED NATIONS (AP) — The U.N. envoy for Somalia said the Cabinet agreed Thursday on a model for elections later this year, calling the long-awaited decision “an important milestone” for the impoverished Horn of Africa nation grappling with Islamic extremist insurgents. Michael Keating, who took over as special representative this month, told the U.N. Security...

The Security Council heard today from the top United Nations official in Somalia that success in the country this year will depend upon managing threats, notably those posed by the terrorist groups Al-Shabaab, while announcing a “breakthrough” political achievement.1“It gives me particular pleasure to share some breaking news with you,” the Special Representative...

One week after Somali government and regional leaders failed to agree on the model of election the country would hold this year, Somalia’s regional leaders started arriving in Mogadishu Sunday to attend the third round of talks to narrow the gap. The latest talks in Kismayo town resulted in no breakthrough with Somali president and his delegation walked out of the meeting...

A Kenyan army unit reportedly decimated in an attack by al-Shabab militants last Friday had received warning of the assault, according to a Somali general. The commander of Somali troops in the Gedo region, General Abbas Ibrahim Gurey, tells VOA’s Somali service that the unit’s commander was given word of a possible attack hours before the first bullet was...

A Kenyan man has been charged for publishing pictures alleged to be of Kenyan soldiers killed last week by Islamic extremist rebels in Somalia. The man, Eddy Reuben Illah, appeared in court Tuesday, denied the charges and was remanded in custody. The charge sheet said the photos distributed by the suspect were “likely to cause fear and alarm.” Illah is accused...

Al Shabaab and government forces have battled for control of a remote army base in Somalia, after fighters from the Islamist militant group said they attacked the compound, killing dozens of soldiers. The group, which is aligned with al Qaeda, said it took over the base, about 550km west of Mogadishu after a suicide bomber from the group rammed its gates. It said it was...

Ethiopia said it will abandon a development plan for the capital, Addis Ababa, and surrounding areas of Oromia state after almost two months of protests. Opposition by the ethnic Oromo party in the Horn of Africa nation’s ruling coalition means the end of the integrated master plan, Communications Minister Getachew Reda said. The Oromo People’s Democratic Organization...

Turkey is building its first base in Africa. Last week, Turkish Foreign Ministry official Emil Tekin confirmed that Ankara has broken ground on a new military installation in war ravaged Somalia. The Turkish army intends for the facility to be a training center for Somali troops. The fledgling Somali National Army — with the help of African Union troops and American...

In line with the decision of the Council of Ministers of the Federal Republic of Somalia today, 7th January 2016, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Investment Promotion summoned the Charge d’Affaire of the Islamic Republic of Iran in Mogadishu to inform him of the decision to severe diplomatic ties with Iran. The Ministry informed the Charge d’Affaire that all...

MOMBASA, Kenya (Reuters) – Kenyan police arrested a suspected al Shabaab fighter in Mombasa on Tuesday and recovered weapons that had been intended for use in aborted New Year’s Eve attacks on the coastal city, a senior government official said. Mombasa county commissioner Nelson Marwa told a news conference that four other suspects had escaped the raid, including...

ADDIS ABABA (Reuters) – The United States has stopped flying drones from southern Ethiopia in its campaign against militants in Somalia and Yemen, at the request of the Ethiopian government, officials said. Washington spent millions of dollars in 2011 on upgrading an airfield in the town of Arba Minch, from where it launched Reaper drones that can carry Hellfire...

A well-respected Somali clan chieftain known for his community services and reconciliations has died Sunday, relatives said. Ugas Abdirahman Ugas Khalif, the chieftain of Hawadle clan has died after sudden illness in Beledweyne, the DCIM100MEDIA provincial capital of Hiiraan region. Tributes have been paid to Mr. Khalif, the son of the clan’s late former clan leader,...

Toronto Star; – MOGADISHU, SOMALIA—Al Qaeda’s East African affiliate has released a recruitment video targeting American blacks and Muslims that includes a clip of presidential candidate Donald Trump calling for Muslims to be banned from entering the United States. The 51-minute video by the Somalia based Al Shabab militant group presents the U.S. as a country...

A huge fire has broken out in a high-rise hotel in central Dubai close to the world’s tallest skyscraper, the Burj Khalifa. Burning debris could bee seen falling from the 300m-tall (1,000-feet) building, called The Address, as firefighters arrived at the scene. It was not immediately clear whether there were any casualties. The blaze erupted ahead of a major New...

The driver of a bus in Mandera, Kenya, that was attacked by al-Shabab last week said he has no plans to stop traveling his usual route after it came to light that he and his passengers saved the lives of non-Muslims on the bus. Shukri Farah Abikar says driving is the only job he knows. “I will continue, God willing,” he told VOA Somali. “Things happen for a reason....

An al Shabaab terrorist died and another injured after an IED they were planting in Mandera exploded. “The al Shabaab militants wanted to attack area residents after the incident where Muslims shielded Christians last week,” police said. Police say they received a tip off from the public that al Shabaab were going to attack in retaliation. “When the militants...

National and regional leaders in Somalia have ended three days of talks in the capital Mogadishu on how best to hold elections in 2016. The leaders decided to dissolve the government next September but are not prohibiting President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud and the 275 members of parliament from seeking re-election. The assembly also decided the next election model will be...

woman and a man working for UN aid agencies in Somalia have been killed in drive-by-shooting in Mogadishu’s busiest road of Maka al-Mukarama on Monday afternoon, security and district officials confirmed. According to the spokesman of the Mogadishu Mayor Abdifatah Halane, the two killed were Amina Mohamed and Abdirizak Adawe. Both were working for the United Nations...

The second plenary of the National Consultative Forum on the 2016 electoral process opened in the Somali capital with national and regional leaders reviewing the outcome of public consultations across Somalia and within the diaspora and deliberating on the most appropriate and inclusive electoral process for 2016. Representatives from the federal government and federal...

At least 10 people were killed and more than 25 others, mostly civilians, injured after a fierce fighting broke out in Beledweyne town, the capital of Hiiraan region in central Somalia on Sunday, locals and medical officials said. Residents said the fighting broke out between two heavily armed clan militias who were using machine guns and artillery weapons at Hawl-wadag...

Startribune: – The son of a Somali singer and political activist gunned down by Al-Shabab operatives last year is suing an international money-transfer company with ties to Minnesota for allegedly paying a bounty on her life. The lawsuit comes more than a year after the death of Saado Ali Warsame, 64, a Somali icon who lived in New York and Minneapolis before returning...

Reports from Lower Juba region in Southern Somalia indicate that militants loyal to Islamic State (IS) militants seized a village on Wednesday. Residents of Tuulo Barwaqo, over 120 kms northwest of Kismayu, the capital of the Jubaland said that armed militants entered the village while wielding the black jihadist banner. The militants insisted that they were IS loyalists...

Federal agents in Minneapolis have arrested a 20-year-old man of Somali origin who they say was the “emir” – or leader – of Islamic State recruiting efforts in Minnesota’s Twin Cities. Abdirizak Mohamed Warsame of Eagan, Minnesota appeared in the US District Court in Minneapolis on Thursday morning, to answer the charges of supplying material support to a designated...

MOGADISHU, Somalia — The defections of two fighters, an American and a U.S. resident, from Somalia’s Islamic extremist rebels highlight tensions within al-Shabab over whether it should remain affiliated to al-Qaida or switch allegiance to the Islamic State group, an al-Shabab commander said Tuesday. Foreign fighters are being alienated and feel trapped in Somalia...

The Ministry of foreign affairs of the federal republic of Somalia has on Wednesday officially renewed humanitarian work operations for World Food Program in Somalia, after the initial agreement has ended. For the Somali side the Minister for foreign affairs His Excellency Dr. Abdisalan Hadliye Omar has signed the agreement while for the part of WFP was signed by WFP representative...

A senior leader of the Al-Shabaab died in a US air strike in Somalia last week which also killed two other militants, the Pentagon said Monday. Pentagon spokesman Peter Cook said removal of Abdirahman Sandhere “is a significant blow to Al-Shabaab and reflects the painstaking work by our intelligence, military, and law enforcement professionals.” Sandhere, “also...

The defections of two American Islamic extremist fighters in Somalia highlight tensions within the insurgent group al-Shabab over whether it should remain affiliated to al-Qaida or switch allegiance to the Islamic State group, according to an al-Shabab commander. Foreign fighters are being alienated and feel trapped in Somalia over suspicions that they are plotting to...

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Water Security” is herein described as the nexus between the availability, accessibility and use of water. The concept is defined as the ‘availability of, and access to water in sufficient quantity and quality to meet livelihood needs of all households throughout the year, without considering the needs of other users. Water Security is further described herein under ‘Securing Water for Production’. (Valerie Ndaruzaniye, 2011).  While ‘Water Insecurity’ refers to the exact opposite of the mentioned concept that is been the unavailability and inaccessibility of enough water to meet the livelihood need of all households in a period of one yearIn the Horn of Africa, increasing scarcity and degradation of water sources seriously threatens human well-being. The population in the region (Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya and Uganda) has increased fourfold in the past 50 years and continues to grow rapidly (United Nations Population Division, 2010). Farmers need more water to feed more mouths and extended areas are needed for food production, at the expense of forest and pasture lands. With a high and stable number of pastoral communities and decreasing amount of pastureland, pressure on land and water grows. The mounting need for fertile soils and irrigated land is intensified by high international demands for food and energy. Investors from all over the world are ready to invest in commercial farming in Sudan, Kenya, Uganda and Ethiopia. With inadequate soil and water management measures being taken, this growing pressure on natural resources leads to a decrease in the quality and quantity of soils, forests and water resources. (Eric van de Giessen: 2011)To put this region into water security context, according to Earth Trends, Environmental Information/World Resources Institute, Djibouti’s per capita is 460M3; Eritrea’s per capita is 701M3; Ethiopia’s per capita is 1,666M3 and Somalia’s per capita is 628 M3 (IRWR, 2011). According to the Falkenmark Water Stress Indicator, a country or a region is said to experience “water stress” when annual water supplies drop below 1,700 cubic meters per person per year. This means almost all parts of the Horn of Africa region can generally be termed as water stress region or facing water insecurityFigure 1, Map of the Horn of Africa region (Yellow): Source: Google Map 2010It is in this context; this paper will be exploring the water scarcity and stress in the horn of Africa region and how this will increase the vulnerability of the households and farmers as well as the impact it will have on the ability of the locals to utilize their socio-economic potentials. The paper will further attempt to assess the capacity of the existing institutions to manage the task at hand and finally the author referring to his personal knowledge and experience in the area as well as the reflections of the articles reviewed will hopefully suggest possible strategies for all the concerned stakeholders.In this review article, the author will attempt to examine five peer-reviewed articles, some with specific regional details and others more general outlook on water security, and will then try to create a holistic picture on the water situation on the ground as well as the efforts of those in charge in trying to mitigate the challenges of water security and enhance greater socio-economic well being for their people. Here are the articles the author intends to review for this paper: 1:Valerie Ndaruzaniye (2011) Water security in Ethiopia, Risk and vulnerability assessment. 2: Eric van de Giessen (2011) Horn of Africa Environmental Security Assessment-Institute for Environmental Security. 3: Simbarashe Govere et.al (2010) Coping with Water Scarcity in Eastern Africa; the role of intra-regional virtual water trade. 4) Declan Conway, et.al (2008) Rainfall and Water Resources Variability in Sub-Saharan Africa during the Twentieth Century 5) Noah Amin (2007) Water Scarcity In The Horn Of Africa And Its Deadly Consequences.In this part, the discussion will be mainly centered on the major factors that are causing water stress and scarcity in Africa generally and in particular the Horn. Almost all the articles reviewed for this paper mainly agree the major cause of the water stress in the region, but as we will later discover it, there are few country specific challenges with greater regional water security significance to it.In Sub-Saharan Africa, the Eastern African region, particularly the Horn of Africa, is considered highly geographically exposed to climate change and its impact over water. Out of 200 million people living in the Horn of Africa, 70 million are located in areas prone to extreme droughts leading to water insecurity and food shortages. In this Eastern African region, floods and droughts can occur in the same area within a very short period. Such events can exacerbate inadequate water availability in quality and quantity, sufficient enough to sustain agricultural activities and energy production. As a result, this often leads to famine and widespread disruption of socio-economic well being. (Valerie Ndaruzaniye, 2011)