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Somali authorities on Friday evening announced the death toll from last Saturday’s deadly truck bomb attack in the capital Mogadishu had risen to 358. “The attack claimed 642 victims, including 358 deaths and 228 injuries, with 56 other people also missing,” Information Minister Abdirahman Omar Osman told a press conference. A total of 122 seriously injured people...

World leaders from the United States, UK, Turkey, Canada and France strongly condemned the weekend truck bombing in the Somali capital, Mogadishu, which left at least 276 people dead. Saturday’s explosion – the worst single explosion in the East African country’s history – occurred at Zoobe junction, a bustling area of the city with many shops, hotels and offices....

MOGADISHU — The Special Representative of the Chairperson of the African Union Commission (SRCC) for Somalia, Ambassador Francisco Caetano Madeira, has strongly condemned last evening’s terrorist attack on civilians, at a market in a suburb in the capital Mogadishu. A Vehicle -Borne Improvised Explosive Device (VBIED) targeting harmless city residents going about...

Thomas C. Mountain – Edward Snowden’s politburo for secret documents has finally begun to release NSA files on the highly classified (and not so highly classified) activities of the USA in Ethiopia. In an article in The Intercept by veteran Horn of Africa journalist Nick Turse we find the latest chapter of another long awaited expose of the role of Pax Americana...

WASHINGTON (Reuters) – President Donald Trump on Sunday slapped new travel restrictions on citizens from North Korea, Venezuela and Chad, expanding to eight the list of countries covered by his original travel bans that have been derided by critics and challenged in court. Iran, Libya, Syria, Yemen and Somalia were left on the list of affected countries in a new...

Full transcript of the speech by Somali Prime Minister Hassan Ali Khaire at the 72nd Session of the UN General Assembly (As delivered). It is an honour to address the 72nd Session of the UN General Assembly. I bring you warm greetings and good wishes from our President, H.E. Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed Farmaajo, and the entire Government and People of the Federal Republic...

NAIROBI — Kenya’s Former National Assembly Deputy Speaker Farah Maalim has been allowed to file additional affidavits in an election petition against Garissa Township Member of Parliament Aden Barre Duale who was declared winner following the disputed August 8th General Elections in Kenya. Both- Maalim  from the opposition (National Super Alliance NASA) coalition...

JOWHAR (Somali Update Online) — HirShabelle State on Wednesday rejected last month’s orders from the Federal Government’s Ministry of Commerce and the Civil Aviation Authority (SCAMA) which warned the Khat (miraa) flights landing in Jowhar airstrip to stop or their landing permit revoked. In a response letter, HirShabelle’s Minister of Commerce Sabriye...

JUBA, SOUTH SUDAN — Most members of IGAD back a proposal to allow free movement of citizens within the East African bloc – but are facing resistance from South Sudan, where officials remain cool to the measure. Officials and diplomats from the eight-nation bloc discussed the free movement proposal in Juba this week, along with trade, customs and communications issues. Abdelrahim...

MOGADISHU (Somali Update Online) — Lawmakers of Hirshabelle State Assembly have elected Mohamed Abdi Ware as the state’s new president in Jowhar, the administrative capital of the state. In a highly contested voting on Saturday, Mr. Ware, a former business and clan politician gained 74 votes beating his closest rival Abdulle Abdulle Awale who got 23 votes in the...

Xinhua : – The United States on Friday called on Somalia government to build strong and credible democratic institutions that will promote peace and stability in the country. The U.S. Embassy in Mogadishu lauded the government for its continued progress towards a more inclusive democratic governance system and the peaceful transition to a new government in early...

MOMBASA, Kenya – Suspected militants from the Somalian group al Shabaab beheaded four men in two different attacks in northern Kenya’s coastal Lamu County on Wednesday, authorities said, a month after 12 people were killed in similar incidents in the region. Lamu County Commissioner Gilbert Kitiyo said the attacks took place in Silini-Mashambani and Bobo villages,...

MOGADISHU;  Somali Cabinet of the Ministers on Wednesday defended the transfer of Somali-Ethiopian rebel commander to Ethiopia last week which brought public outrage. In a statement released by the Office of Prime Minister Hassan Ali Khaire following an extraordinary meeting, the cabinet justified the hand over of Abdikarim Sheikh Muse based on “previous joint...

Kenya’s opposition candidate Raila Odinga has rejected the partial results of the presidential election, saying they were “inconsistent” with those being tallied at the counties. In a press conference held just after 2 am local time, Odinga said he “rejected the results streamed so far” because they weren’t accompanied by Form 34A, the form used to tabulate...

NAIROBI (Reuters) – Kenyan opposition presidential candidate Raila Odinga on Monday fielded questions alone on stage after his rival, President Uhuru Kenyatta, failed to show up for a debate between the two. Odinga, who is the flagbearer for the National Super Alliance coalition, said his top priorities if elected in the Aug. 8 general election would be to lower...

The UN top envoy for Somalia on Saturday said the international community will work closely with Mogadishu to help tackle daunting challenges facing the Horn of Africa nation. Michael Keating, the Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General (SRSG) for Somalia, said many challenges loom for President Mohamed Farmajo, his government and the leadership of federal states...

On behalf of the United States, best wishes on the occasion of Somalia’s 57th Independence Day. Over the past four years, the Somali people have made an earnest effort to turn the tide toward a more stable path. We commend the Federal Government of Somalia for the advances made in the political process and security sector reform, as well as for its efforts to meet the...

The area of London where a vehicle hit pedestrians early Monday local time is ethnically diverse and home to a large Muslim community. Finsbury Park is part of the Islington borough of north London, where around 10% (19,500) of the borough’s total population are Muslim. According to the 2011 Census, half the population in the borough aged under 25 are from nonwhite...

At the beginning of this year, the United Nations made one of its boldest requests ever for funding. It needed billions of dollars to fund a humanitarian response, said Secretary General António Guterres, or as many as 20 million people might starve to death. Five months later, the results of that appeal are dismal. The United Nations has raised about a third of its goal,...

Isis has claimed responsibility for the Manchester Arena attack, hailing the bomber as a “soldier of the caliphate”. The terrorist group released statements in several languages through its central media body praising the atrocity, claiming more than 100 “crusaders” were killed or wounded at the “shameless” concert. “With Allah’s...

Water Security” is herein described as the nexus between the availability, accessibility and use of water. The concept is defined as the ‘availability of, and access to water in sufficient quantity and quality to meet livelihood needs of all households throughout the year, without considering the needs of other users. Water Security is further described herein under ‘Securing Water for Production’. (Valerie Ndaruzaniye, 2011).  While ‘Water Insecurity’ refers to the exact opposite of the mentioned concept that is been the unavailability and inaccessibility of enough water to meet the livelihood need of all households in a period of one yearIn the Horn of Africa, increasing scarcity and degradation of water sources seriously threatens human well-being. The population in the region (Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya and Uganda) has increased fourfold in the past 50 years and continues to grow rapidly (United Nations Population Division, 2010). Farmers need more water to feed more mouths and extended areas are needed for food production, at the expense of forest and pasture lands. With a high and stable number of pastoral communities and decreasing amount of pastureland, pressure on land and water grows. The mounting need for fertile soils and irrigated land is intensified by high international demands for food and energy. Investors from all over the world are ready to invest in commercial farming in Sudan, Kenya, Uganda and Ethiopia. With inadequate soil and water management measures being taken, this growing pressure on natural resources leads to a decrease in the quality and quantity of soils, forests and water resources. (Eric van de Giessen: 2011)To put this region into water security context, according to Earth Trends, Environmental Information/World Resources Institute, Djibouti’s per capita is 460M3; Eritrea’s per capita is 701M3; Ethiopia’s per capita is 1,666M3 and Somalia’s per capita is 628 M3 (IRWR, 2011). According to the Falkenmark Water Stress Indicator, a country or a region is said to experience “water stress” when annual water supplies drop below 1,700 cubic meters per person per year. This means almost all parts of the Horn of Africa region can generally be termed as water stress region or facing water insecurityFigure 1, Map of the Horn of Africa region (Yellow): Source: Google Map 2010It is in this context; this paper will be exploring the water scarcity and stress in the horn of Africa region and how this will increase the vulnerability of the households and farmers as well as the impact it will have on the ability of the locals to utilize their socio-economic potentials. The paper will further attempt to assess the capacity of the existing institutions to manage the task at hand and finally the author referring to his personal knowledge and experience in the area as well as the reflections of the articles reviewed will hopefully suggest possible strategies for all the concerned stakeholders.In this review article, the author will attempt to examine five peer-reviewed articles, some with specific regional details and others more general outlook on water security, and will then try to create a holistic picture on the water situation on the ground as well as the efforts of those in charge in trying to mitigate the challenges of water security and enhance greater socio-economic well being for their people. Here are the articles the author intends to review for this paper: 1:Valerie Ndaruzaniye (2011) Water security in Ethiopia, Risk and vulnerability assessment. 2: Eric van de Giessen (2011) Horn of Africa Environmental Security Assessment-Institute for Environmental Security. 3: Simbarashe Govere et.al (2010) Coping with Water Scarcity in Eastern Africa; the role of intra-regional virtual water trade. 4) Declan Conway, et.al (2008) Rainfall and Water Resources Variability in Sub-Saharan Africa during the Twentieth Century 5) Noah Amin (2007) Water Scarcity In The Horn Of Africa And Its Deadly Consequences.In this part, the discussion will be mainly centered on the major factors that are causing water stress and scarcity in Africa generally and in particular the Horn. Almost all the articles reviewed for this paper mainly agree the major cause of the water stress in the region, but as we will later discover it, there are few country specific challenges with greater regional water security significance to it.In Sub-Saharan Africa, the Eastern African region, particularly the Horn of Africa, is considered highly geographically exposed to climate change and its impact over water. Out of 200 million people living in the Horn of Africa, 70 million are located in areas prone to extreme droughts leading to water insecurity and food shortages. In this Eastern African region, floods and droughts can occur in the same area within a very short period. Such events can exacerbate inadequate water availability in quality and quantity, sufficient enough to sustain agricultural activities and energy production. As a result, this often leads to famine and widespread disruption of socio-economic well being. (Valerie Ndaruzaniye, 2011)