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The Turkish Prime Minister has announced his resignation after falling out with President Recep Tayyip Erdogan. Ahmet Davutoglu confirmed that he will formally step down at his party’s congress on 22 May following local media reports of his imminent resignation. He met Mr Erdogan late on Wednesday in an apparently failed bid to smooth things over amid growing tensions...

GENEVA- Up to 500 migrants might have drowned in the Mediterranean last week when human traffickers crammed people onto an already overcrowded ship, causing it to sink, the U.N. refugee agency said on Wednesday. If confirmed, it would be the worst such tragedy in 12 months and bring the total number of migrant drownings in the southern Mediterranean to nearly 800 so far...

A young taxi driver brutally murdered in Melbourne at the end of his shift may have been the victim of an opportunistic attack by a would-be thief. The 31-year-old Somali-born driver had finished his shift on Wednesday night and was walking to his Fitzroy home when he was reportedly stabbed around 11.30pm. Paramedics and police officers from the nearby Fitzroy Police Station...

Former al Shabaab senior commander has surrendered to the Somali Police force, Amisom has said. Via twitter on Tuesday night, Amisom said Ahmed Mohamud Afrah in Galcad surrendered to the police. “Amisom congratulates Ahmed upon his act of courage and encourages other militants to abandon acts of terrorism and embrace peace,” Amisom said. On April 5, Amisom...

Somalia is asking Russia to help equip its armed forces to fight terrorism in the Horn of Africa nation, where Islamic militant group al-Shabab is waging a deadly insurgency against the Western-backed government, according to Sputnik news agency, which is owned and operated by the Russian government. Mogadishu is also seeking Moscow’s support in strengthening its flagging...

Saudi Arabia appears to be blackmailing the US, saying it would sell off American assets worth a 12-digit figure sum in dollars if Congress passes a bill allowing the Saudi government to be held responsible for the 9/11 terrorist attacks. The warning was delivered by Saudi Foreign Minister Adel al-Jubeir last month during a visit to Washington, the New York Times reported....

Paris: Seven Somali pirates were sentenced to between six and 15 years in prison by a French court on Wednesday for the hijacking of a French yacht and killing of its owner in the Gulf of Aden in 2011. Christian and Evelyne Colombo were on a round-the-world trip when their “Tribal Kat” catamaran was hijacked by pirates in the Arabian Sea. Christian was killed...

A Somali journalist who helped al-Shabab kill five fellow reporters has been executed by firing squad. Hassan Hanafi, once a respected broadcaster, was sentenced to death last month by a military court in the capital, Mogadishu. He assisted the Islamist militant group by identifying possible targets amongst journalists between 2007 and 2011. He joined its armed wing after...

The International Monetary Fund says Somalia has marked a milestone in its development by taking steps to normalize relations with international financial institutions. The IMF said Wednesday that a mission led by Rogerio Zandamela met with Somali authorities in Nairobi from March 30 to April 5 to discuss a staff-monitored program that will focus on policies to improve...

A Somali parliamentarian survived a drive-by shooting near a busy Mogadishu market on Tuesday in which two of his bodyguards were killed, police said. “A lawmaker was wounded in Hamarweyne by gunmen, there are investigations going on but there are also other casualties,” said police officer Ibrahim Mohamed. MP Mohamed Ali Deheye was hurt and his guards killed...

After 17 years under his rule, few doubt Djibouti’s President Ismail Omar Guelleh will fail to win a fourth term in polls next week, with a divided opposition already calling the vote a sham. Supporters of Guelleh — president since 1999 of the tiny but strategic former French colony whose port guards the entrance to the Red Sea and Suez Canal — are confident...

Officials in Somalia say al-Shabab militants have attacked a Somali government military base, killing at least six soldiers. Authorities say the insurgents attacked the base in Laanta Buur, 40 kilometers south of Mogadishu, from two directions early Monday. Several military vehicles were seized in the assault, officials say. The United Nations has a decades-long arms embargo...

Environmental Catastrophe in Beletweyne town By: Mustafa Farah Jaburi Whether climate change is real or fiction, remains a polarizing issue that had created a two fiercely opposing camps among world top scientists, as some argue that, the protracted droughts in some parts of the world, the melting down of polar ice, the unforeseen sequential earthquakes and the rising...

At least one civilian was killed and two others injured in a hand bomb attack at a restaurant in a town in southern Somalia’s Gedo region Thursday night, officials said on Friday. Government officials in Garbaharey town said Al-Qaida linked group Al-Shabaab militants hurled the hand bomb on a bar and restaurant in the town, killing one woman and two others. “A...

The German government has donated 2.5 million Euros to assist the internally displaced people in the Somali capital, as parts of greater efforts by the government to support vulnerable people in the horn of Africa nation where over a million people, most internally displaced persons (IDPs) continue to live in dire conditions in protracted displacements. In a statement...

Two blasts ripped through two restaurants in the southern Somali town of Baidoa on late Sunday. The first blast occurred after a car bomb parked outside one restaurant was detonated followed by a suicide bomber who blew himself up inside another nearby restaurant. At least 20 persons have been confirmed dead and  at least 40 others were wounded in the two blasts. At...

At least 180 Kenyan troops were killed when al-Shabab attacked their base last month, Somalia’s President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud has said. Kenya has still not given casualty figures for the assault in the southern Somali base of el-Ade. The Islamist militant group said it had killed about 100 Kenyan troops. If it is confirmed that 180 troops were killed, it would...

Effort to end a political stalemate related to the Hiiraan and Middle Shabelle state formation process hit the rocks on Thursday as Hiiraan elders once again pushed back last ditch effort by Somali president to to secure their endorsement the initiative. The talks centered on power sharing arrangements and the certain region which would have the proposed state’s capital...

A Kenyan air strike has killed the intelligence chief of Somalia’s militant Islamist group al-Shabab, an army statement has said. Mohammed Karatey and 10 other al-Shabab commanders were killed in the strike in southern Somalia on 8 February, it added. He played a key role in last month’s deadly attack on a Kenyan military base in neighbouring Somalia, the army...

A former Somali defence minister was killed Monday in a car explosion in Mogadishu, police have confirmed. Mohamed Hussein, a police officer at the scene confirmed to Xinhua that Muhidin Mohamad Haji Ibrahim, who served under the Transitional Federal Government in 2008, was killed when an explosive device fitted in his car exploded, with no reports of any other casualties. “I...

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Water Security” is herein described as the nexus between the availability, accessibility and use of water. The concept is defined as the ‘availability of, and access to water in sufficient quantity and quality to meet livelihood needs of all households throughout the year, without considering the needs of other users. Water Security is further described herein under ‘Securing Water for Production’. (Valerie Ndaruzaniye, 2011).  While ‘Water Insecurity’ refers to the exact opposite of the mentioned concept that is been the unavailability and inaccessibility of enough water to meet the livelihood need of all households in a period of one yearIn the Horn of Africa, increasing scarcity and degradation of water sources seriously threatens human well-being. The population in the region (Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya and Uganda) has increased fourfold in the past 50 years and continues to grow rapidly (United Nations Population Division, 2010). Farmers need more water to feed more mouths and extended areas are needed for food production, at the expense of forest and pasture lands. With a high and stable number of pastoral communities and decreasing amount of pastureland, pressure on land and water grows. The mounting need for fertile soils and irrigated land is intensified by high international demands for food and energy. Investors from all over the world are ready to invest in commercial farming in Sudan, Kenya, Uganda and Ethiopia. With inadequate soil and water management measures being taken, this growing pressure on natural resources leads to a decrease in the quality and quantity of soils, forests and water resources. (Eric van de Giessen: 2011)To put this region into water security context, according to Earth Trends, Environmental Information/World Resources Institute, Djibouti’s per capita is 460M3; Eritrea’s per capita is 701M3; Ethiopia’s per capita is 1,666M3 and Somalia’s per capita is 628 M3 (IRWR, 2011). According to the Falkenmark Water Stress Indicator, a country or a region is said to experience “water stress” when annual water supplies drop below 1,700 cubic meters per person per year. This means almost all parts of the Horn of Africa region can generally be termed as water stress region or facing water insecurityFigure 1, Map of the Horn of Africa region (Yellow): Source: Google Map 2010It is in this context; this paper will be exploring the water scarcity and stress in the horn of Africa region and how this will increase the vulnerability of the households and farmers as well as the impact it will have on the ability of the locals to utilize their socio-economic potentials. The paper will further attempt to assess the capacity of the existing institutions to manage the task at hand and finally the author referring to his personal knowledge and experience in the area as well as the reflections of the articles reviewed will hopefully suggest possible strategies for all the concerned stakeholders.In this review article, the author will attempt to examine five peer-reviewed articles, some with specific regional details and others more general outlook on water security, and will then try to create a holistic picture on the water situation on the ground as well as the efforts of those in charge in trying to mitigate the challenges of water security and enhance greater socio-economic well being for their people. Here are the articles the author intends to review for this paper: 1:Valerie Ndaruzaniye (2011) Water security in Ethiopia, Risk and vulnerability assessment. 2: Eric van de Giessen (2011) Horn of Africa Environmental Security Assessment-Institute for Environmental Security. 3: Simbarashe Govere et.al (2010) Coping with Water Scarcity in Eastern Africa; the role of intra-regional virtual water trade. 4) Declan Conway, et.al (2008) Rainfall and Water Resources Variability in Sub-Saharan Africa during the Twentieth Century 5) Noah Amin (2007) Water Scarcity In The Horn Of Africa And Its Deadly Consequences.In this part, the discussion will be mainly centered on the major factors that are causing water stress and scarcity in Africa generally and in particular the Horn. Almost all the articles reviewed for this paper mainly agree the major cause of the water stress in the region, but as we will later discover it, there are few country specific challenges with greater regional water security significance to it.In Sub-Saharan Africa, the Eastern African region, particularly the Horn of Africa, is considered highly geographically exposed to climate change and its impact over water. Out of 200 million people living in the Horn of Africa, 70 million are located in areas prone to extreme droughts leading to water insecurity and food shortages. In this Eastern African region, floods and droughts can occur in the same area within a very short period. Such events can exacerbate inadequate water availability in quality and quantity, sufficient enough to sustain agricultural activities and energy production. As a result, this often leads to famine and widespread disruption of socio-economic well being. (Valerie Ndaruzaniye, 2011)