Scroll to Top

Hiiraan | Hiiraan Net |

Hiiraan | Hiiraan Net | Wararka somalia | Somali news | Warar, Quraan iyo Tafsiir.

MOGADISHU — In his first decree hours after he was inaugurated, Somali President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed Farmaajo has appointed his Prime Minister. Mr Hassan Ali Kheyre, a Somali-Norwegian was appointed as the new Prime Minister. “We hope the Parliament will approve the new Prime Minister. I also hope Mr Kheyre will soon form an inclusive and competent cabinet...

A failed 2016 rainy season linked to the climate phenomenon La Niña, combined with exceptionally warm sea surface temperatures in the western Pacific and eastern Indian Oceans, have led to extreme drought in the Horn of Africa and a more intense drought than that of 2010 in Somalia. These extreme weather conditions, combined with factors including high food prices, trade...

MOGADISHU, Somalia — Somalia’s new President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed has been inaugurated while promising to restore dignity to the troubled Horn of Africa nation. Mohamed was elected earlier this month in a step toward Somalia’s first fully functioning central government in a quarter-century. The new leader, who also holds U.S. citizenship, has already vowed to...

Islam should never be conflated with crimes carried out by extremists, Turkey’s president has said taking issue with Angela Merkel’s use of the phrase “Islamist terrorism,” during a joint press conference with the German Chancellor in Ankara. Merkel’s statement, although seemingly well intentioned, drew a sharp rebuke from President Recep Erdogan, the founder...

Abdi Hashi Abdullah was elected as the Speaker of the Upper House securing 43 of the possible 52 votes on Sunday. He previously served as a minister in the Somaliland government. Also, Former Goobjoog CEO Abshir Ahmed Bukhari was elected as the first deputy speaker after three rounds of voting. Mowliid Hussein Guhaad narrowly defeats Abdikafi Mohamed Hassan as the Third...

Lawmakers in Somalia have elected a speaker for the country’s new parliament, a key step toward the country’s upcoming presidential election. The election has been delayed several times amid allegations of fraud and intimidation. No official date for the vote has been set, but officials estimate it will be in late January. Wednesday’s vote by 259 lawmakers...

TORONTO- His new posting as immigration minister, thanks to Justin Trudeau’s Tuesday shuffle of his cabinet, makes Toronto MP Ahmed Hussen the country’s first cabinet minister born in Somalia, according to several news reports. Hussen, who arrived alone to Canada from Somalia at 16 in 1993, had already made history as the first Somali-Canadian MP when elected...

MOGADISHU, Jan. 7 (Xinhua) — African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) and Somali troops have arrested a senior Al-Shabaab commander during an operation in Somalia’s Wanlaweyn, the mission said Saturday. AMISOM said the Somali Special Forces backed by the AMISOM troops engaged the insurgent militants in a fierce fight that saw the arrest of one commander who...

MOGADISHU Jan 7 (Reuters) – At least three people were killed and 11 others injured when an explosion ripped a small restaurant popular with soldiers in the Somali capital on Saturday evening, police and local officials said. There was no immediate claim of responsibility. Al Shabaab militants have launched similar attacks in the past in a campaign to topple the...

Somalia’s landmark electoral process has dominated discussions in public places across the Horn of Africa country over the past few months, as Somalis examine the democratic progress the country has made after years of civil war. Scores of political analysts gather daily to debate and share views about the ongoing process, which will culminate in presidential elections...

MOGADISHU, Somalia, Jan. 2 (UPI) — At least eight people were killed and 16 others wounded after two suicide vehicle bombs detonated near Mogadishu international airport on Monday afternoon. Ambulances services and Somali officials confirmed the casualties. Soldiers and civilians were among those killed by “massive and devastating” explosions, Ahmed Abdullahi,...

At least six people were killed and seven others injured when militants attacked Afgoye town, southwest of the Somali capital, Mogadishu, on Thursday night. Residents say they saw heavily armed militants take up positions before storming a government checkpoint in the town. “They were around 100 heavily armed militants. They took up positions and ordered residents to...

The Obama administration plans to announce on Thursday a series of retaliatory measures against Russia for hacking into US political institutions and individuals and leaking information in an effort to help President-elect Donald Trump and other Republican candidates, two US officials said on Wednesday. Both officials declined to specify what actions President Barack Obama...

The State now says four women accused of being Al-Shabaab members have been in secret communication with the Amnyat wing of the terrorist group. Ms Khadija Abubakar Abdulkadir, Ms Ummulkheir Sadri Abdulla, Ms Khadija Abubakar Abdulkadir and Ms Halima Adan deny being Al-Shabaab members. State Counsel Jami Yamina told a Mombasa court on Wednesday that details from the Anti-Terrorism...

The African Union, United Nations and leading Western countries said in an unusual joint statement on Tuesday that they are “gravely concerned” about Somalia’s electoral process. Rather than celebrating the inauguration of Somalia’s Federal Parliament on Tuesday, the 10 signers of the joint declaration urged Somali leaders to rescind several election-related...

WASHINGTON — Somali farmers say al-Shabab is targeting them and stealing their livestock. Farmers in the Jubbaland and Galmudug regions said al-Shabab militants are systematically confiscating livestock from certain clans. The group is accused of driving clans they view as hostile to their administration into poverty. For a second week, fighting is taking place in the...

Somalia’s electoral process has been heavily criticized after the introduction of controversial upper house seats blocked efforts to end the electoral process. Authorities in 6 Somali regions with about 14000 delegates have been choosing their representatives expected to give way to the election of a new president by parliament in the coming week. However, the procedure...

Russian rescuers found Monday the first parts of the Syria-bound military plane that plunged into the Black Sea, as officials dismissed terrorism as a possible cause of the crash that killed all 92 people on board. The Tu-154 jet, whose passengers included more than 60 members of the internationally-renowned Red Army Choir, was heading to Russia’s military base in...

“I was betrayed,” lamented Madino Dhurow of her return to Somalia from the world’s largest refugee camp, Dadaab, where she lived for 12 years. She said she was assured safety and support back home but she found those promises to be empty. She is among thousands of Somalis who left the sprawling camp of some 260,000 in neighboring Kenya, sometimes under...

The United Nations, African Union, European Union, Inter-Governmental Authority on Development, Belgium, Italy, the Netherlands, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States are gravely concerned over a number of decisions announced by the National Leadership Forum (NLF) in its communiqué dated 24 December 2016. Today’s inauguration of the Federal Parliament represents...

Water Security” is herein described as the nexus between the availability, accessibility and use of water. The concept is defined as the ‘availability of, and access to water in sufficient quantity and quality to meet livelihood needs of all households throughout the year, without considering the needs of other users. Water Security is further described herein under ‘Securing Water for Production’. (Valerie Ndaruzaniye, 2011).  While ‘Water Insecurity’ refers to the exact opposite of the mentioned concept that is been the unavailability and inaccessibility of enough water to meet the livelihood need of all households in a period of one yearIn the Horn of Africa, increasing scarcity and degradation of water sources seriously threatens human well-being. The population in the region (Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya and Uganda) has increased fourfold in the past 50 years and continues to grow rapidly (United Nations Population Division, 2010). Farmers need more water to feed more mouths and extended areas are needed for food production, at the expense of forest and pasture lands. With a high and stable number of pastoral communities and decreasing amount of pastureland, pressure on land and water grows. The mounting need for fertile soils and irrigated land is intensified by high international demands for food and energy. Investors from all over the world are ready to invest in commercial farming in Sudan, Kenya, Uganda and Ethiopia. With inadequate soil and water management measures being taken, this growing pressure on natural resources leads to a decrease in the quality and quantity of soils, forests and water resources. (Eric van de Giessen: 2011)To put this region into water security context, according to Earth Trends, Environmental Information/World Resources Institute, Djibouti’s per capita is 460M3; Eritrea’s per capita is 701M3; Ethiopia’s per capita is 1,666M3 and Somalia’s per capita is 628 M3 (IRWR, 2011). According to the Falkenmark Water Stress Indicator, a country or a region is said to experience “water stress” when annual water supplies drop below 1,700 cubic meters per person per year. This means almost all parts of the Horn of Africa region can generally be termed as water stress region or facing water insecurityFigure 1, Map of the Horn of Africa region (Yellow): Source: Google Map 2010It is in this context; this paper will be exploring the water scarcity and stress in the horn of Africa region and how this will increase the vulnerability of the households and farmers as well as the impact it will have on the ability of the locals to utilize their socio-economic potentials. The paper will further attempt to assess the capacity of the existing institutions to manage the task at hand and finally the author referring to his personal knowledge and experience in the area as well as the reflections of the articles reviewed will hopefully suggest possible strategies for all the concerned stakeholders.In this review article, the author will attempt to examine five peer-reviewed articles, some with specific regional details and others more general outlook on water security, and will then try to create a holistic picture on the water situation on the ground as well as the efforts of those in charge in trying to mitigate the challenges of water security and enhance greater socio-economic well being for their people. Here are the articles the author intends to review for this paper: 1:Valerie Ndaruzaniye (2011) Water security in Ethiopia, Risk and vulnerability assessment. 2: Eric van de Giessen (2011) Horn of Africa Environmental Security Assessment-Institute for Environmental Security. 3: Simbarashe Govere et.al (2010) Coping with Water Scarcity in Eastern Africa; the role of intra-regional virtual water trade. 4) Declan Conway, et.al (2008) Rainfall and Water Resources Variability in Sub-Saharan Africa during the Twentieth Century 5) Noah Amin (2007) Water Scarcity In The Horn Of Africa And Its Deadly Consequences.In this part, the discussion will be mainly centered on the major factors that are causing water stress and scarcity in Africa generally and in particular the Horn. Almost all the articles reviewed for this paper mainly agree the major cause of the water stress in the region, but as we will later discover it, there are few country specific challenges with greater regional water security significance to it.In Sub-Saharan Africa, the Eastern African region, particularly the Horn of Africa, is considered highly geographically exposed to climate change and its impact over water. Out of 200 million people living in the Horn of Africa, 70 million are located in areas prone to extreme droughts leading to water insecurity and food shortages. In this Eastern African region, floods and droughts can occur in the same area within a very short period. Such events can exacerbate inadequate water availability in quality and quantity, sufficient enough to sustain agricultural activities and energy production. As a result, this often leads to famine and widespread disruption of socio-economic well being. (Valerie Ndaruzaniye, 2011)